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217 Possible Causes for Hepatomegaly, Kwashiorkor

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    […] used a definition of bi-basal crepitations and worsening oxygen saturation (indicative of pulmonary oedema) gallop rhythm, raised jugular venous pressure and increasing hepatomegaly[] Bergman et al (1988) observed 21 children with kwashiorkor in South Africa and also found that they had low cardiac dimensions 17 .[] Bergman JW, Human DG, De Moor MM, et al. : Effect of kwashiorkor on the cardiovascular system. Arch Dis Child. 1988; 63 (11): 1359–1362.[]

  • Peliosis Hepatis

    Her symptoms included abdominal pain and weight loss; the only finding of a physical examination was hepatomegaly.[] […] for cat-scratch disease which are identified histologically adjacent to the peliotic lesions [8] ), Staphylococcus aureus [9] Chronic conditions: End stage renal failure , kwashiorkor[] The cause of the huge hepatomegaly encountered in the present case may be attributable to peliosis due to severe infection.[]

  • Medium Chain Acyl CoA Dehydrogenase Deficiency

    When an infant presents with hypoglycemia, acidosis, hepatomegaly, and respiratory arrest, the neonatal team must be alert to the possibility of a metabolic disorder.[] .: Malnutrition in infancy and childhood with special reference to kwashiorkor. ‎[] When, inadvertently he was given medium-chain triglycerides for 2 days, the excretion of abnormal metabolites of medium-chain fatty acids increased and hepatomegaly became[]

  • Fatty Liver

    Furthermore, these cases of hepatomegaly and fatty liver have been also in the context of concomitant extrahepatic side effects.[] Poor socioeconomic status contributes to kwashiorkor in children. Diseases causing severe gastrointestinal malabsorption are additional causes.[] There is hepatomegaly (increased size of the liver) in almost 70% of the cases.[]

  • Portal Cirrhosis

    The presence of this triad in a patient with unexplained hepatomegaly is indicative of portal cirrhosis.[] In some countries of Africa and Asia still found kwashiorkor (see) as a consequence of protein starvation by eating mostly vegetable carbohydrate food.[] The liver becomes large, even huge (hepatomegaly). The normal liver weighs about 1,200 grams (2.6 lb).[]

  • Kwashiorkor

    The following symptomatology is evident in acute or chronic phase of Kwashiorkor: General appearance: Kwashiorkor patients show apathy and lethargy as acute signs.[] The child presented at 10 months of age with decreased weight for height, rash, hepatomegaly, edema, hypoproteinemia, hypoalbuminemia, anemia, hypoglycemia, and evidence of[] […] protrudes) Lethargy or apathy Loss of muscle mass Rash (dermatitis) Shock (late stage) Swelling ( edema ) Exams and Tests The physical examination may show an enlarged liver ( hepatomegaly[]

  • Methylmalonic Acidemia

    […] those with maple syrup urine disease(MSUD), organic aciduria, methylmalonic acidemia, biotinidase deficiency, essential fatty acid deficiency, severe protein malnutrition (kwashiorkor[] Two days after her discharge, after having a meal rich in protein, she was brought unconscious with hepatomegaly, severe acidosis, ketonuria, and mild hyperammonemia.[] They include vomiting, dehydration, hypotonia, developmental delays, hepatomegaly, lethargy, intellectual disabilities, and chronic kidney disease.[]

  • Ascites

    First-year medical students were randomized to use ultrasound or PEx to assess for ascites and hepatomegaly.[] (alcoholic in 65%, viral in 10%, cryptogenic in 6%) Heart failure – 3% Hepatic venous occlusion: Budd–Chiari syndrome or veno-occlusive disease Constrictive pericarditis Kwashiorkor[] […] and splenomegaly, not elsewhere classified R16.0 Hepatomegaly, not elsewhere classified R16.1 Splenomegaly, not elsewhere classified R16.2 Hepatomegaly with splenomegaly,[]

  • Metabolic Disease

    A 4-month-old female baby visited an outpatient clinic due to poor weight gain, repeated seizure-like episodes, developmental delay, and unexplained hepatomegaly with abnormal[] Other symptoms of kwashiorkor include apathy , hair discoloration, and dry, peeling skin with sores that fail to heal.[] ., marasmus and kwashiorkor ), also affect cellular metabolism.[]

  • Biotin Deficiency

    […] biotinidase (BTD) deficiency do not exhibit symptoms unless they are stressed, eg by prolonged infection. [ 6 ] Gastroenterological: Feeding difficulties Vomiting Diarrhoea Hepatomegaly[] Average plasma biotin concentrations were lower in 16 malnourished children (10 with marasmus, 3 with kwashiorkor and 3 with marasmic kwashiorkor) than in 31 controls.[] Severe protein deficiency results in kwashiorkor, which is characterized by edema, irritability, anorexia, ulcerating dermatoses and liver enlargement. 1,2 In addition to[]

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