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167 Possible Causes for Hepatomegaly, Kwashiorkor

  • Kwashiorkor

    The child presented at 10 months of age with decreased weight for height, rash, hepatomegaly, edema, hypoproteinemia, hypoalbuminemia, anemia, hypoglycemia, and evidence of[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The following symptomatology is evident in acute or chronic phase of Kwashiorkor: General appearance: Kwashiorkor patients show apathy and lethargy as acute signs.[symptoma.com] Complications Some complications of kwashiorkor include: Hepatomegaly (from the fatty liver) Cardiovascular system collapse/hypovolemic shock Urinary tract infections Abnormalities[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cardiomyopathy

    Additional symptoms may include fluid collection in the abdomen (ascites) and feet due to accumulation of fluid, congestion of the lungs, and an abnormally large liver (hepatomegaly[rarediseases.org] […] disease, Fabry-Anderson disease, and Morquio-Ullrich disease; deficiency, eg, disturbances of potassium metabolism, magnesium deficiency, and nutritional disorders such as kwashiorkor[circ.ahajournals.org] Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy † Myotonic dystrophy † Neurofibromatosis † Tuberous sclerosis † Nutritional deficiencies Beriberi (thiamine), pallagra, scurvy, selenium, carnitine, kwashiorkor[circ.ahajournals.org]

  • Portal Cirrhosis

    The presence of this triad in a patient with unexplained hepatomegaly is indicative of portal cirrhosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In some countries of Africa and Asia still found kwashiorkor (see) as a consequence of protein starvation by eating mostly vegetable carbohydrate food.[medicalency.com] The liver becomes large, even huge (hepatomegaly). The normal liver weighs about 1,200 grams (2.6 lb).[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Liver Cirrhosis

    Cardinal symptoms include fasting hypoglycemia, lactic acidosis and hepatomegaly as well as neutropenia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Survey of the world situation on kwashiorkor. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1954 May 10; 57 (6):696–713. [ PubMed ] [ Google Scholar ] LOPEZ M, MAZZANTI L.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] aminotransferase, and prothrombin international normalized ratio; LR, 0.09; 95% CI, 0.03-0.31); a platelet count 160 x 10(3)/μL (LR, 0.29; 95% CI, 0.20-0.39); or the absence of hepatomegaly[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Fatty Liver

    Furthermore, these cases of hepatomegaly and fatty liver have been also in the context of concomitant extrahepatic side effects.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Poor socioeconomic status contributes to kwashiorkor in children. Diseases causing severe gastrointestinal malabsorption are additional causes.[library.med.utah.edu] Kwashiorkor: a nutritional disease of children associated with a maize diet. 1935. Bull. World Health Organ. 81, 912–913 (2003). 64. Doherty, J. F., Adam, E.[doi.org]

  • Hypothyroidism

    The physical examination showed a distended abdomen, with collateral circulation, jaundice, and hepatomegaly.[doi.org] For further evaluation of the hepatic disease, the patient underwent an abdominal CT that showed massive hepatomegaly, with many hypoechoic nodules diffusely distributed,[doi.org]

  • Malnutrition

    Management must be carried out in centers by physicians familiar with nutritional disorders as nutritional recovery syndrome may include excessive sweating and hepatomegaly[emedicine.com] Our results indicate that there might be a significant difference in developmental attainment between children with kwashiorkor and with marasmus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Amongst those with marasmus, kwashiorkor and marasmic kwashiorkor, median duration of stay was 48, 24.5 and 36.3 days (p 0.002); recovery rates were similar 73, 71.4, 71.4%[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cholestasis

    For diagnosis of BA, clinical evaluation, hepatomegaly, stool color, serum gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase (GGT), duodenal juice color, bile acid in duodenal juice, ultrasonography[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Cruveilhier-Baumgarten syndrome CREST症候群 CREST syndrome 手指硬化 sclerodactyly 食道運動異常 esophageal dysmotility 皮下石灰化 calcinosis cutis 毛細血管拡張 telangiectasia レイノー現象 Raynaud phenomenon クワシオルコル症候群 Kwashiorkor[jsge.or.jp] Clinical signs of cholestasis (discolored stools, dark urine) usually appear in the first months of life with recurrent or permanent jaundice associated with hepatomegaly[orpha.net]

  • Peliosis Hepatis

    Her symptoms included abdominal pain and weight loss; the only finding of a physical examination was hepatomegaly.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] responsible for cat-scratch disease which are identified histologically adjacent to the peliotic lesions), Staphylococcus aureus Chronic conditions: End stage renal failure, kwashiorkor[en.wikipedia.org] The cause of the huge hepatomegaly encountered in the present case may be attributable to peliosis due to severe infection.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Anasarca

    In addition to manifest peripheral edema, he had hepatomegaly and prominent jugular veins.[ahajournals.org] Kwashiorkor like syndrome in severe trauma and burns Hypoalbuminemia/ hypoprotenemia Protein losing enteropathy Eclampsia in pregnancy Hypothyroidism Treatment of Anasarca[howshealth.com] […] levels) Pregnancy: Pre-eclampsia or Eclampsia Thyroid problems POEMS syndrome Clarkson syndrome or systemic capillary leak syndrome Amyloidosis Severe malnutrition: Marasmus, Kwashiorkor[healthfixit.com]

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