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211 Possible Causes for HIV Infection, Onycholysis

  • Syphilis

    The meta-analyses showed that MSM form a high-risk population for HIV infection in China with a summary prevalence of 2.5% (95% CI 0.9% to 3.3%).[doi.org] Meta-analysis: prevalence of HIV infection and syphilis among MSM in China L Gao 1 , L Zhang 2 , Q Jin 1 1 Institute of Pathogen Biology, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences[doi.org] MSM are a high-risk population for HIV infection in China. An effective strategy for prevention and control is required for this specific population.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cutaneous Candidiasis

    Subungual infections are characterized by distal separation of one or several fingernails ( onycholysis ), with white or yellow discoloration of the subungual area.[merckmanuals.com] Neutrophil functions are impaired in patients with diabetes mellitus, while CD4 T-helper cells are deficient in patients with HIV infection.[symptoma.com] Most often, candida results in onycholysis (lifting of the nail plate from the nail bed) but there are many other causes of onycholysis that may be clinically indistinguishable[dermnetnz.org]

  • Reiter's Syndrome

    He presented with severe fatigue, pain, muscle wasting, synovitis of the elbows, wrists and knees, a scaly rash in the groin area, burning during urination, and severe onycholysis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] at high risk for HIV infection.(26) Key words: Reiter's disease; HIV; arthritis.[the-medical-dictionary.com] Nail lesions, including pitting and onycholysis, occur in more 80 percent of patients with psoriatic arthritis 27 ( Figure 8 ).[aafp.org]

  • Psoriasis

    Figure 5: Onycholysis along with salmon patches on thumbnails in a patient with psoriasis Click here to view Onycholysis (separation of nail plate from nail bed) Results from[dx.doi.org] Abstract Psoriasis occurs with at least undiminished frequency in HIV-infected individuals.[dx.doi.org] Psoriasis often has its initial presentation in advanced HIV infection [ 4 ], and it may even be the initial clinical manifestation of HIV infection [ 6 ].[dermatology.cdlib.org]

  • Porphyria Cutanea Tarda

    Photo-onycholysis may be seen. Patients may also notice urine discoloration.[visualdx.com] We report a case of PCT in an HIV-infected patient who had multiple risk factors for this disorder.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] hypertrichosis Increased facial hair growth 0002219 Fragile skin Skin fragility 0001030 Hyperpigmentation in sun-exposed areas Increased pigmentation in sun-exposed areas 0005586 Onycholysis[rarediseases.info.nih.gov]

  • Dermatitis

    ) infection and others Neurological and psychiatric diseases: Parkinson disease, tardive dyskinesia, depression What are the clinical features of seborrhoeic dermatitis ?[web.archive.org] HIV testing is recommended for persons who have any history of a risk factor for HIV infection and who are not sure of their HIV infection status.[emergency.cdc.gov] ( seborrhoea ) Familial tendency to seborrhoeic dermatitis or a family history of psoriasis Immunosuppression: organ transplant recipient, human immunodeficiency virus ( HIV[web.archive.org]

  • Onychomycosis

    Transverse onycholysis (P .018) was significantly associated with negative pathology results consistent with the diagnosis of nail dystrophy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] An improvement in certain HIV-associated opportunistic infections has been associated with initiation of cART.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The infection was characterized clinically by yellow-brown discoloration of the nail plate, distal-lateral onycholysis and subungual hyperkeratosis of the first left toenail[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    CONCLUSIONS: DM incidence was higher in this Thailand cohort of HIV infected adults than in the general population.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Research Database (NHIRD) between 2000 and 2010 were used to investigate the incidence of and factors associated with DM among HIV-infected patients.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract Integrase strand transfer inhibitors (INSTIs) have become integral antiretroviral therapy (ART) agents for treating HIV infection.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Psoriatic Arthritis

    Ridging or pitting of fingernails or toenails (onycholysis), which is associated with psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis.[en.wikipedia.org] We report the case of a patient with psoriatic arthritis and concomitant HIV and HBV infection successfully treated with apremilast.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] to psoriasiform lesions, there are a number of other characteristic, though not necessarily pathognomonic, clinical features of PsA: Nail involvement may be manifested as onycholysis[hopkinsarthritis.org]

  • Exfoliative Dermatitis

    No fever, hair loss, onycholysis, or nail shedding was detected.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Multiple drugs are usually prescribed to patients with HIV infection for preventing the replication of HIV and for the treatment of the associated opportunistic infections[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Well-circumscribed plaques at margins of erythroderma ( eFig. 23-4.3 ) Large lamellar scales Psoriatic nail changes: pits, oil drop sign, onycholysis, subungual hyperkeratosis[plasticsurgerykey.com]

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