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43 Possible Causes for HIV Infection, Subcutaneous Crepitus

  • Pyomyositis

    Crepitus occurs when gas-forming organisms are present. Signs of systemic sepsis and toxaemia occur quickly.[] This review summarizes all reported cases of pyomyositis among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected persons worldwide and HIV-negative persons in the United States[] infection.[]

  • Gas Gangrene

    Physical exam demonstrated an erythematous and edematous left foot with subcutaneous crepitus along the plantar surface.[] Immune deficiency : If an immune system is weakened, for example by HIV, diabetes, long-time alcohol or drug abuse, or recent chemotherapy or radiotherapy, minor infections[] The patient experienced delirium on the third morning after surgery, and a physical examination revealed subcutaneous crepitus extending along the length of the limb, and[]

  • Pneumothorax

    […] for HIV and PJP infection.[] HIV and P. jiroveci infection.[] (C) Over the course of the last 20 years a strong association has been observed between HIV infection and pneumothorax.[]

  • Anaerobic Bacterial Infection

    Note: crepitus and crepitation are interchangeable. debridement: removal of devitalized tissue crepitation: build up of gas in subcutaneous tissues usually due to C. perfingens[] Fungal infection facts • Fungi rarely cause community-acquired bacterial sinusitis. • Fungi are common in patients with HIV, uncontrolled diabetes, and prolonged immunosuppressive[] In addition, bacterial vaginosis flora predisposes women to infection by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and sexually transmitted diseases.[]

  • Necrotizing Fasciitis

    Acute infection, often accompanied by toxic shock syndrome, rapid progression of marked edema to violaceous bullae and necrosis of subcutaneous tissue, absence of crepitus[] There were associated variable comorbidities (diabetes mellitus, HIV infection, hypertension and congestive cardiac failure).[] […] tissues in the fascial planes Crepitus due to production of gas in the tissues.[]

  • Bronchopleural Fistula

    […] of his face, chest, and extremities due to subcutaneous air (Figure).[] […] in HIV Infection 721 PART XIII 731 101 Prevention of Nosocomial Infection in Staff 733 Risks and Management 739[] Liang, PharmD Naval Medical Center San Diego, Department of Pharmacy, San Diego, California A 58-year-old man presented to the emergency department with diffuse swelling and crepitus[]

  • Diabetic Gangrene

    , on examination, due to the movement of gas under the skin This is known as subcutaneous emphysema.[] Factors that are known to weaken the immune system, and increase the risk of developing infection that is associated gangrene include: chemotherapy radiotherapy HIV diabetes[] ,HIV) In both type of patients it may develops due to INJURY or due to INFECTION. It can affect any part of body but typically starts in toes, feet and fingers.[]

  • Mediastinal Emphysema

    She was also noticed to have subcutaneous swelling and crepitus over the neck and upper anterior chest region, bilateral rhonchi with prolonged expiratory phase.[] Human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) with PCP infection Necrotizing pneumonia Sarcoidosis Bronchogenic carcinoma or metastatic malignancy[] He was noted to have subcutaneous swelling and crepitus over the neck from below the mandible, upper anterior chest region, abdomen and both upper limbs.[]

  • Bronchial Injury

    infection drug abuse, such as heroin use Normally, the bronchial wall contains cells that protect the airways and lungs from harmful substances.[] […] or hyperimmune disorders (rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis) Inhalation injuries: toxic fumes, gases, or particles inhaling food or stomach acid Other conditions: HIV[]

  • Bacterial Myositis

    Absent Present Absent Often present Absent Anaesthesia of lesions Sometimes present Absent Absent Absent Sometimes present Appearance of infection Subcutaneous tissue and[] British Society of Paediatric Dermatology / British Paediatric Allergy Immunology and Infection Group Acute bacterial myositis as the initial manifestation of HIV infection[] As in the non–HIV-infected population, HIV-associated polymyositis is most likely autoimmune in origin.[]

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