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136 Possible Causes for Hoarseness, Long Tract Signs

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    Damage to the medulla can cause: slurred speech hoarseness difficulty swallowing emotional lability, which is characterized by excessive emotional reactions such as laughing[] Other symptoms include hoarseness, dysphagia, and slurred speech; because swallowing is difficult, salivation appears to increase, and patients tend to choke on liquids.[]

  • Pontine Glioma

    This 12-year-old boy presented with a 4-month history of hoarseness, dysphagia, and a progressively ataxic gait.[] tract signs hydrocephalus The duration of symptoms is usually much shorter in diffuse gliomas , in which the history is typically very short (a few days) 4 .[] With pontine and cervicomedullary lesions, cranial nerve or long tract signs are observed commonly.[]

  • Cervical Myelopathy

    Reintubation, delirium, and hoarseness were observed in 1 patient each (5%).[] tract signs, ambulatory Class IIIB Objective weakness, long tract signs, non-ambulatory Japanese Orthopaedic Association Classification A point scoring system (17 total)[] Complications specific to ventral surgery include problems with airway patency, difficulty swallowing, and vocal hoarseness.[]

  • Hemiparesis

    This episode was preceded by hoarseness of voice and difficulty in swallowing for a week. The hoarseness of voice was of sudden onset and nonprogressive in nature.[] tract signs are an uncommon initial presentation in cerebellopontine angle epidermoids.[] Long-tract signs included an equivocal right toe and a down-going left toe. She walked towards her mother with a slight limp favoring the right side.[]

  • Torticollis

    There was no mortality or severe complication postoperatively, with the exception of hoarseness, shoulder numbness, and weakness.[] Infrequently, dysphagia or long tract signs will be observed. Fever has been observed in 23% of patients.[] […] intermittently and alternates sides Additional symptoms may include other complications of GERD: regurgitation, anorexia, hematemesis, chronic cough, failure to thrive, hoarseness[]

  • Cervical Spondylosis

    In addition, no statistical significance was observed in fusion rate, cervical alignment, and range of motion and disc height of intermediate segment, dysphagia, and hoarseness[] The clinical symptoms of cervical spondylotic amyotrophy (CSA) are motor loss or atrophy with an absent or insignificant sensory deficit or a long tract sign; however, the[] Complications specific to ventral surgery include problems with airway patency, difficulty swallowing, and vocal hoarseness.[]

  • Tapia's Syndrome

    Post-operatively he developed hoarseness of voice and dyspnoea during speech, with deviation of the tongue on protrusion.[] Lesions of the intracranial portion lead to multiple neurapraxias or the long tract signs (Babinski’s sign, Hoffman’s sign, ankle clonus, etc.) [ 2 ].[] He complained of dysphonia, hoarseness of voice and an inability to swallow soon after extubation.[]

  • Hypoglossal Nerve Palsy

    signs.[] Postoperatively, the patient developed worsening dysphagia and hoarseness.[] The patient's voice was hoarse and his articulation severely impaired. He had dysphagia with a high risk of aspiration.[]

  • Chordoma

    If a chordoma is located in the cervical nerves, the most commonly reported symptoms are bleeding of the pharynx, hoarse voice and dysphagia.[] Finally, large tumors may cause brainstem compression and patients may present with long tract signs and ataxia [4] -[7] .[] They can produce dysfunction of the nerves that can lead to double vision, hoarseness, difficulty swallowing and tongue weakness.[]

  • Brain Stem Infarction

    tract sign)와 동반되어 다양한 신경학적 증상을 보일 수 있다.[] […] presentation is sudden onset focal neurological deficits like hemiparesis, vertigo, orthostatic symptoms, diplopia, and lower cranial nerve paralysis with dysphagia, and hoarseness[] […] features are: suffer from hiccups, acute vertigo, jerky eye movements (nystagmus), difficulty swallowing, vomiting, and disorder in the vocalisation, including dysarthria and hoarseness[]

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