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133 Possible Causes for Hoarseness, Long Tract Signs

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis

    Damage to the medulla can cause: slurred speech hoarseness difficulty swallowing emotional lability, which is characterized by excessive emotional reactions such as laughing[] Other symptoms include hoarseness, dysphagia, and slurred speech; because swallowing is difficult, salivation appears to increase, and patients tend to choke on liquids.[]

  • Myelopathy

    Physical examination commonly elicits long tract signs such as spasticity, hyperreflexia, and abnormal reflexes such as Babinski or Hoffman's sign.[] The pooled analysis showed that there were no significant difference in the operation time, fusion rate, Cobb angles of C2-C7, dysphagia, hoarseness, C5 palsy, infection,[] […] sensory deficits - may be the least advanced form of the disease; - Brachialgia and cord syndrome: radicular pain in the upper extremity along with motor and/or sensory long-tract[]

  • Torticollis

    There was no mortality or severe complication postoperatively, with the exception of hoarseness, shoulder numbness, and weakness.[] Infrequently, dysphagia or long tract signs will be observed. Fever has been observed in 23% of patients.[] […] intermittently and alternates sides Additional symptoms may include other complications of GERD: regurgitation, anorexia, hematemesis, chronic cough, failure to thrive, hoarseness[]

  • Cervical Myelopathy

    Reintubation, delirium, and hoarseness were observed in 1 patient each (5%).[] This case highlights the need to look for long tract signs of physical exam to explore possible causes of cervical myelopathy to account for weakness in the legs, which cannot[] Complications specific to ventral surgery include problems with airway patency, difficulty swallowing, and vocal hoarseness.[]

  • Cervical Spondylosis

    In addition, no statistical significance was observed in fusion rate, cervical alignment, and range of motion and disc height of intermediate segment, dysphagia, and hoarseness[] tract signs and symptoms; 3) a combined syndrome – which includes both root and long tract signs and symptoms and is the commonest form; 4) a vascular syndrome – may not[] Complications specific to ventral surgery include problems with airway patency, difficulty swallowing, and vocal hoarseness.[]

  • Foville Syndrome

    Third patient, presented with sudden onset of left facial numbness and right upper limb weakness; 1 day after, right arm and leg hypoesthesia with hoarseness.[] The cranial nerve signs are therefore ipsilateral to the lesion, and the long tract signs contralateral, resulting in a crossed syndrome.[] Eponym Marie-Foix Syndrome Vascular Basilar artery: Long circumferential branches Anterior inferior cerebellar artery Signs & Symptoms Side Manifestation Comments Ipsilateral[]

  • Guillain-Barré Syndrome

    tract signs pharyngeal-cervical-brachial arm weakness, dysphagia and facial weakness pandysautonomia diarrhoea, vomiting, dizziness, abdominal pain, ileus, orthostatic hypotension[] She did not have hoarseness but she had mild dysarthria and experienced mild difficulty in swallowing.[] Miller Fisher-Guillain-Barré overlap syndrome) Bickerstaff’s brainstem encephalitis (BBE) similar to the Miller Fisher variant but with altered level of consciousness and long[]

  • Tapia's Syndrome

    Lesions of the intracranial portion lead to multiple neurapraxias or the long tract signs (Babinski’s sign, Hoffman’s sign, ankle clonus, etc.) [ 2 ].[] Over the next two weeks, patient had decreased tongue deviation and improving hoarseness and dysarthria.[] The consultation to an otolaryngologist about his hoarseness revealed the left vocal cord paralysis.[]

  • Brain Stem Infarction

    tract sign)와 동반되어 다양한 신경학적 증상을 보일 수 있다.[] An elderly man presented with severe right ear pain and discharge, hoarseness and dysphagia causing significant involuntary weight loss.[] […] presentation is sudden onset focal neurological deficits like hemiparesis, vertigo, orthostatic symptoms, diplopia, and lower cranial nerve paralysis with dysphagia, and hoarseness[]

  • Hemiparesis

    This episode was preceded by hoarseness of voice and difficulty in swallowing for a week. The hoarseness of voice was of sudden onset and nonprogressive in nature.[] Long-tract signs included an equivocal right toe and a down-going left toe. She walked towards her mother with a slight limp favoring the right side.[] tract signs are an uncommon initial presentation in cerebellopontine angle epidermoids.[]

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