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358 Possible Causes for Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus

  • Acute Alcohol Intoxication

    gaze nystagmus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] 10 signs of alcohol intoxication: smell of alcohol, conjunctival injection, impairments in speech, motor coordination, judgment, mood, behaviour, emotion, cooperation and horizontal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hereditary Nystagmus

    The horizontal gaze nystagmus (HGN) test is the eye test that police officers use to determine if you are intoxicated.[dwidude.com] This was discovered by a vision therapist, and the discovery has led to the development of the horizontal gaze nystagmus test, frequently used in field sobriety tests by police[virginiavisiontherapycenter.com] "The Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus test: fraudulent science in the American courts". Science & Justice. 44 (3): 133–9. doi : 10.1016/S1355-0306(04)71705-0. PMID 15270451.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Horizontal Gaze Palsy with Progressive Scoliosis

    Horizontal gaze palsy with progressive scoliosis (HGPPS) is a rare clinical condition characterized by a combination of horizontal gaze palsy, pendular nystagmus and scoliosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Familial paralysis of horizontal gaze: associated with pendular nystagmus, progressive scoliosis, and facial contraction with myokymia.[ajnr.org] Familial paralysis of horizontal gaze. Associated with pendular nystagmus, progressive scoliosis, and facial contraction with myokymia. Neurology 1975;25:1035-1040. 10.[repository.countway.harvard.edu]

  • Central Positional Vertigo

    "The Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus test: fraudulent science in the American courts". Science & Justice. 44 (3): 133–9. doi : 10.1016/S1355-0306(04)71705-0. PMID 15270451.[en.wikipedia.org] A purely horizontal gaze-evoked nystagmus originates from a pontine lesion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The amplitude of the nystagmus may vary in different positions of gaze. [10, 11] Horizontal nystagmus Horizontal nystagmus is a well-recognized finding in patients with a[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Nystagmus

    "The Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus test: fraudulent science in the American courts". Science & Justice. 44 (3): 133–9. doi : 10.1016/S1355-0306(04)71705-0. PMID 15270451.[en.wikipedia.org] I am curious about the nature of the clinical finding: "...horizontal nystagmus in all directions including on primary gaze." 1 Horizontal nystagmus in all directions localizes[n.neurology.org] Rebound nystagmus : This is a horizontal jerk nystagmus which changes direction after several seconds of eccentric gaze and then reverts back to its original pattern when[patient.info]

  • Malnutrition

    The patient showed upbeating nystagmus and lateral gaze nystagmus with dizziness and ataxia.[doi.org] Caloric testing demonstrated bilateral canal paresis for horizontal eye movement, but bilateral upbeating nystagmus for vertical eye movement.[doi.org]

  • Spinocerebellar Ataxia Type 6

    One patient showed distinct pontine atrophy with prominent horizontal or oblique gaze nystagmus which is an unusual feature in sporadic olivopontocerebellar atrophy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Combined downbeat and horizontal gaze-evoked nystagmus ("side-pocket") was the most common form, occurring most commonly in supine and head-hanging positions, and following[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Two had a low-amplitude horizontal gaze-evoked nystagmus, 1 of whom had a significantly decreased eye velocity for upward saccades and an abnormal frequency of square-wave[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Polyneuropathy

    Early ocular signs are gaze-evoked horizontal nystagmus and defective ocular pursuit movements with the full range of extraocular movements.[disorders.eyes.arizona.edu]

  • Pineal Gland Cyst

    […] dissociation) or the Sylvian aqueduct syndrome (paralysis of downgaze or horizontal gaze superimposed upon a Parinaud syndrome).[aboutcancer.com] Direct midbrain compression can cause disorders of ocular movements such as Parinaud syndrome (paralysis of upgaze, convergence or retraction, nystagmus, and light-near pupillary[aboutcancer.com]

  • Vestibular Neuronitis

    Horizontal gaze nystagmus with gaze 20 up and gaze 20 right.[audiologyonline.com] Head Impulse Test; a horizontal nystagmus that changes direction with eccentric gaze; and skew deviation.[cancertherapyadvisor.com] Torsional spontaneous nystagmus (horizontal and vertical) in sitting with eyes closed position.[audiologyonline.com]

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