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76 Possible Causes for Horner's Syndrome, Muscle Twitch, Spasticity - Hyperreflexia

  • Myelopathy

    Physical examination commonly elicits long tract signs such as spasticity, hyperreflexia, and abnormal reflexes such as Babinski or Hoffman's sign.[] […] gait," hesitant and jerky) Myelopathic or "upper motor neuron" findings such as spasticity, hyperreflexia, clonus, Babinski, and Hoffman signs, and bowel and bladder dysfunction[] […] and hyperreflexia below the level of the injury level.[]

  • Spinal Cord Tumor

    Physical Findings on physical examination correspond to the location of the tumor, degree of cord impingement, and duration, and may include the following: Spasticity; hyperreflexia[] syndrome, disordered temperature regulation with hypothermia from posterior involvement or hyperthermia from anterior involvement).[] Hyperreflexia IX.[]

  • Upper Motor Neuron Disease

    No spasticity or hyperreflexia.[] Lower motor neuron disease causes weakness, loss of muscle ("atrophy") and muscle twitching ("fasciculations").[] A brain stem lesion may also cause dysarthria, dysphagia, Horner's syndrome, cerebellar signs, spinothalamic sensory loss.[]

  • Hallervorden-Spatz Syndrome

    Described features include 9,11 : progressive dementia extrapyramidal signs (rigidity, dystonia, choreoathetosis) corticospinal signs (spasticity, hyperreflexia) dysarthria[] They may experience involuntary muscle contractions (dystonia) of the head and neck, resulting in repetitive movements and contortions.[] ホルト・オーラム症候群 Holtzman ホルツマン Holtzman inkblot test ホルツマン・インクしみテスト Holzknecht ホルツクネヒト Holzknecht space ホルツクネヒト腔 Horner ホルネル Horner-Spalding sign ホルネル・スパルディング徴候 Hunner ハンナー Hunner's[]

  • Spinal Cord Infarction

    Initially areflexia is present due to spinal shock but, hyperreflexia and spasticity appear later The most common form is anterior spinal artery syndrome.[] A 48-year-old man with syncope and diffuse muscle twitches. Neurohospitalist. 2012 Jul; 2(3):107-11. PMID: 23983873; PMCID: PMC3726089.[] We present a 21-year-old female with Horner syndrome due to spinal cord infarction.[]

  • Shy Drager Syndrome

    , hyperreflexia, and Babinski sign), cognitive impairment, visual hallucinations, and REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD).[] […] all parts of the body loud snoring, abnormal breathing or inspiratory stridor during sleep other sleep disorders including sleep apnea, REM behavior disorderdouble vision muscle[] Familial dysautonomia – Horner’s syndrome – Multiple system atrophy (Shy-Drager syndrome, Olivopontocerebellar atrophy) This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from[]

  • Syringomyelia

    Upper extremity reflexes are diminished or absent, whereas weakness, altered gait, spasticity, and hyperreflexia may be noted in the lower extremities.[] , or involuntary muscle contractions Uncoordinated movements If the cyst damages a nerve that controls the muscles in the eyes and face, you may get what doctors call Horner[] Autonomic disturbances: Horner syndrome , anhidrosis , disturbances in bladder and colon function, erectile dysfunction Respiratory insufficiency Other: painless ulcers of[]

  • Spinal Cord Transection

    It presents with spastic paresis, hyperreflexia, and continued sensory loss.[] Horner's syndrome (ptosis, miosis, anhidrosis, and absence of facial flushing) may be seen in cervical cord transection above the level of T1 owing to disruption of descending[] Horner syndrome (ie, ipsilateral ptosis, miosis, anhydrosis) is also present with higher lesions because of interruption of the descending sympathetic pathways originating[]

  • Spinal Cord Lesion

    Commonly results in bladder overactivity or hyperreflexia, (AKA " reflex ", or " spastic " bladder).[] […] reflexly to cause the normally visible muscle twitch.[] Some signs include pain, weakness in shoulders and wrists, loss of bicep jerk reflex, Horner Syndrome , and paralysis of hands and legs.[]

  • Paraplegia

    This development led to an evaluation by a neurosurgeon, who noted spasticity and hyperreflexia. Sensory testing demonstrated a possible sensory thoracic level.[] , but also to cause muscle hypertrophy and muscle fibre shift from fast twitch type 2X to 2A. 3 In addition to these effects, oxidative enzyme activity has also been shown[] ’s syndrome • Syringomyelia, • Intramedullary tumor Causes: 42 43.[]

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