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520 Possible Causes for Horseshoe Kidney, Hypertension

  • Turner Syndrome

    Sympathetic nervous system hyperactivity plays a role in development and progression of hypertension.[] It was reported that 15-35% of Turner syndrome cases (TS) also display horseshoe kidney condition.[] Primary leiomyosarcoma of the horseshoe kidney in a patient with Turner syndrome is a very rare occurrence.[]

  • Traumatic Rupture of the Kidney

    Discussion Polycystic kidney disease is transmitted as an autosomal dominant trait caused by mutations in 3 genes: PKD1, PKD2, and PKD3. 2 Patients present with hypertension[] Abstract One-third to one-half of all patients with horseshoe kidney are asymptomatic and the condition is found incidentally.[] Complications Complications affect 7.5% (range 3-10%) of renal injuries 4,5 : urinoma (most common) delayed bleeding (within 1-2 weeks of injury) urinary fistula perinephric abscess hypertension[]

  • Hydronephrosis

    […] hydronephrosis causes hypertension.[] Computed tomography showed the horseshoe kidney and left hydronephrosis.[] A 7-year-old boy presented with a chronic, indurated, tender left thigh swelling in association with a hypertensive emergency.[]

  • Nephroblastoma

    Abstract A child with nephroblastoma, severe hypertension, polydipsia, and polyuria is presented.[] A case of nephroblastoma arising in a horseshoe kidney is reported. Clinically a bilateral nephroblastoma was suspected.[] kidney), aniridia or hemihypertrophy (Figure 3).[]

  • Pyelonephritis

    Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis did not recur but in some patients bacteriuria continued or hypertension developed.[] TABLE 1 Risk Factors for Complicated Acute Pyelonephritis Age Infants Elderly ( 60 years of age) Anatomic/functional abnormality Polycystic kidney disease Horseshoe kidney[] Of the six patients, five were diabetics with hypertension, the one exception being a non-diabetic patient who had undergone renal exploration in the past.[]

  • Congenital Hydronephrosis

    OBJECTIVE: Renal disorders can cause hypertension, but less is known about the influence of hydronephrosis on blood pressure.[] The etiology of hydronephrosis in analyzed cases was characterized by heterogeneity: polar inferior artery, horseshoe kidney, extrarenal pelvis, transverse valves of pelviureteral[] […] abnormal shape (commonly called horseshoe kidney).[]

  • Ureteral Obstruction

    […] or exacerbation of preexisting hypertension.[] horseshoe kidney or cross fused ectopia in 40% of cases, an aberrant, accessory, or early-branching lower pole segment vessel is found and observed to compress the ureter[] […] crossing vessel (at PUJ) malignancy aortic aneurysm 11 Associations in congenital cases, some renal tract abnormalities are recognized renal duplication multicystic dysplastic kidneys[]

  • Renal Cell Carcinoma

    Renin-dependent hypertension was relieved soon after nephrectomy. It is an uncommon cause of positive captopril renography.[] The following may increase your risk of kidney cancer: Smoking Obesity Dialysis treatment Family history of the disease High blood pressure Horseshoe kidney Long-term use[] Age, male gender, body mass index, diabetes, and hypertension were all significant associated with renal cancer in bivariate analysis (P CONCLUSIONS: Obesity, hypertension[]

  • Supernumerary Kidney

    An afebrile 8-year-old boy presented with convulsions, coma and hypertension. Laboratory investigations were normal.[] The horseshoe kidney (HSK) is the most common renal anomaly, but supernumerary kidney in a horseshoe conjunction is a very rare event.[] Unilateral atresia is usually asymptomatic but may cause hypertension.[]

  • Carcinoid Tumor

    Goals Prevention of Mediator release Preoperative Stress (use anxiolytic without histamine relating properties Response to intubation Inadequate analgesia Hypotension / Hypertension[] […] occurring in the horseshoe kidney.[] Serotonin, for example, can lead to tachycardia and hypertensive crisis refractory to conventional treatment.[]

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