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781 Possible Causes for Hydrocephalus, Mental Retardation, Obstructive Hydrocephalus

  • Dandy-Walker Syndrome

    An adult with asymptomatic Dandy-Walker malformation without hydrocephalus was studied.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] A young boy presented with mental retardation and seizures with extensive hairy naevi.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] hydrocephalus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hydrocephalus

    Hydrocephalus requires regular and long term follow-up.[symptoma.com] Patients with an intraventricular haematoma with no evidence of obstructive hydrocephalus were also excluded from the study.[doi.org] Intelligence tests showed the man had an IQ of 75, below the average score of 100 but not considered mentally retarded or disabled, either.[web.archive.org]

  • Subependymal Giant Cell Astrocytoma

    Communicating hydrocephalus is noted. The cerebrospinal fluid protein level was 737 mg/dl.[asianjns.org] retardation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Subependymal giant cell astrocytoma (SEGCA) is a benign, slow-growing glial tumor that manifests with signs and symptoms of obstructive hydrocephalus most often in adolescent[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Arnold Chiari Malformation

    Abstract Cortical biopsies of 13 patients with clinical diagnosis of congenital hydrocephalus, Arnold-Chiari malformation and hydrocephalus, and postmeningitis hydrocephalus[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] At risk for vision problems, mental retardation, microcephaly, and seizure disorder.[hawaii.edu] Variable other central nervous system abnormalities might be present (partial or complete agenesis of the corpus callosum, a small fourth ventricle, obstructive hydrocephalus[orpha.net]

  • Craniosynostosis-Dandy-Walker Malformation-Hydrocephalus Syndrome

    , with Dandy-Walker malformation and hydrocephalus.[checkorphan.org] Retrusion, and Mental Retardation Sensenbrenner syndrome Shprintzen Golberg Craniosynostosis Skeletal Dysplasia, San Diego Type Spondyloepiphyseal Dysplasia with Coronal[rgd.mcw.edu] In some cases of obstructive hydrocephalus, though, an endoscope can be used to create an opening, called an ostomy, which routes the cerebral fluid around the obstruction[chrichmond.org]

  • Alexander Disease

    We encountered a male infant with infantile Alexander disease presenting with megalencephaly and hydrocephalus as a neonate and subtle seizures at 3 months of age.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The patient initially presented at 9 months of age, with profound mental retardation and a history of seizures.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The first MRI examination demonstrated obstructive hydrocephalus and cerebral white matter abnormalities (which were more prominent posteriorly).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Tuberous Sclerosis

    Claudia Santoro, Genetics of Human Hydrocephalus, Pediatric Hydrocephalus, 10.1007/978-3-319-31889-9_1-2, (1-42), (2018).[doi.org] For children with tuberous sclerosis, instead of genetic factors, epilepsy may play the main role for the presence of mental retardation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] An obstructive hydrocephalus caused by an intraventricular expansive lesion was identified in brain CT.Observation by the ophthalmologist is indicated in all confirmed or[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Aqueduct of Sylvius Anomaly

    Code Information Diagnosis Code: 742.3 Short Description: Congenital hydrocephalus Long Description: Congenital hydrocephalus Code Classification: Congenital anomalies (740[healthprovidersdata.com] In X-linked form ( Bickers-Adams-Edwards syndrome ) which is associated with profound mental retardation, clinical assessment would reveal bilateral adducted thumbs.[radiopaedia.org] Obstructive hydrocephalus due to a mid brain venous angioma is indeed rare and direct operative intervention is best avoided since it may lead to disastrous consequences.[neurologyindia.com]

  • Congenital Muscular Dystrophy

    A neonate suffered from lactic acidosis and subsequently presented with poor feeding, muscle weakness, hypotonia, cardiopulmonary dysfunction, and hydrocephalus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CONCLUSIONS: Mutations within the FKRP gene can result in CMD associated with mental retardation and cerebellar cysts.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Affected individuals also have obstructive hydrocephalus, a condition in which blockage of the normal circulation of cerebrospinal fluid results in pressure on the brain.[rarediseases.org]

  • Infantile Choroidocerebral Calcification Syndrome

    Recognize presenting signs and symptoms of hydrocephalus.[pedsinreview.aappublications.org] GEO for disease gene expression data for Choroid Plexus Calcification and Mental Retardation.[malacards.org] hydrocephalus 16.[slideshare.net]

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