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101 Possible Causes for Hydrocephalus, Obstructive Hydrocephalus, Pendular Nystagmus

  • Dandy-Walker Syndrome

    An adult with asymptomatic Dandy-Walker malformation without hydrocephalus was studied.[] hydrocephalus.[] Optimal treatment for hydrocephalus related to Dandy-Walker syndrome (DWS) remains elusive.[]

  • Cerebellar Hemorrhage

    BACKGROUND: Hydrocephalus is a common complication after spontaneous cerebellar hemorrhage (CH).[] The hematoma in the fourth ventricle was gently removed through the hematoma cavity, followed by thorough saline irrigation to release obstructive hydrocephalus.[] hydrocephalus, and extensive destruction of the occipital bone secondary to cranial metastasis.[]

  • Cerebellar Infarction

    CONCLUSION: Occlusive hydrocephalus caused by cerebellar infarction is infrequent.[] Midbrain/Thalamic hemorrahages Movie of mixed jerk torsion and shimmering pendular (9 meg) Midbrain hemorrhages can cause very devastating nystagmus, often with twisting eye[] Computed tomography showed cerebellar infarction with obstructive hydrocephalus. External ventricular drainage was performed.[]

  • Cerebellar Mass Lesion

    There is no evidence of hydrocephalus.[] Nystagmus, pendular Short term memory loss Slow speech Staggering Gait Tic syndrome in a child Habit spasm Tremor Tremor,coarse Unable to tandem walk/straight line Vertigo[] Abstract Cerebellar masses are a heterogenous group of conditions that can cause compression of the aqueduct or fourth ventricle, resulting in obstructive hydrocephalus, brainstem[]

  • Cerebellar Neoplasm

    Tumour induced hydrocephalus and oedema: pathology or natural defence.[] Presentation: The most common presentation of posterior fossa tumors in children is symptomatic elevated ICP secondary to obstructive hydrocephalus.[] Larger masses result in compression and obstruction of the fourth ventricle with associated hydrocephalus.[]

  • Cerebellar Hemangioblastoma

    An 18-year-old woman presented during the 2nd month of her pregnancy with noncommunicating hydrocephalus due to a cerebellar hemangioblastoma.[] Urgent surgery was required due to rapid development of obstructive hydrocephalus and brainstem compression.[] We describe two octogenarians who presented with obstructive hydrocephalus, secondary to posterior fossa tumours that, on computed tomography, were thought to be cerebellar[]

  • Cerebellar Stroke

    […] was present, or evacuated if there was no hydrocephalus (or if the GCS score did not improve with shunting).[] Midbrain/Thalamic hemorrahages Movie of mixed jerk torsion and shimmering pendular (9 meg) Midbrain hemorrhages can cause very devastating nystagmus, often with twisting eye[] We present three patients with acute hydrocephalus resulting from these vascular syndromes; they are the first cases to be successfully treated by ventricular drainage and[]

  • Parinaud Syndrome

    SUMMARY The cases of two patients with hypertensive hydrocephalus and Parinaud syndrome are reported.[] Table 4: Localization of nystagmus Oculopalatal myoclonus is a pendular horizontal nystagmus seen in association with rhythmic elevation of the palate at the same frequency[] Abstract Eight cases of obstructive hydrocephalus manifesting palsy of upward gaze and other features of the Sylvian aqueduct syndrome are reported.[]

  • Spasmus Nutans

    An eight-month-old child who presented with signs of spasmus nutans subsequently developed obstructive hydrocephalus, bilateral optic atrophy, and loss of vision due to a[] Ocular motility recordings revealed an unusual latent/manifest latent nystagmus, pendular nystagmus with characteristics of an acquired nystagmus, and uniocular saccades.[] In retrospect, the child's large head circumference might have suggested the possibility of hydrocephalus.[]

  • Alexander Disease

    We encountered a male infant with infantile Alexander disease presenting with megalencephaly and hydrocephalus as a neonate and subtle seizures at 3 months of age.[] A review of the literature shows that ocular signs are frequent in adult-onset Alexander disease, most commonly gaze-evoked nystagmus, pendular nystagmus, and/or oculopalatal[] The first MRI examination demonstrated obstructive hydrocephalus and cerebral white matter abnormalities (which were more prominent posteriorly).[]

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