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60 Possible Causes for Hydrocephalus, Optic Disc Pallor, Visual Field Test Abnormal

  • Leptomeningeal Metastasis

    The duration from diagnosis to onset of hydrocephalus symptoms ranged from 0 to 52 (mean 26) months.[] […] of optic disc and optical coherence tomography showed an atrophy of temporal retinal nerve fiber layer Click here to view Discussion LC, also referred to as carcinomatous[] Hydrocephalus At Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC), approximately 10% of patients referred for placement of Ommaya reservoirs have or develop hydrocephalus.6[]

  • Papilledema

    However, since papilledema was absent in 41% of the children with hydrocephalus, papilledema's absence does not ensure the absence of hydrocephalus, especially in younger[] Visual fields can be tested more formally by an ophthalmologist using vision grids.[] Atropic Papilledema  Onset of optic disc pallor (secondary optic atrophy) .  Decrease in disc haemorrhage.  Narrowing of blood vessels and their ensheating.  Optic disc[]

  • Foster-Kennedy Syndrome

    Case presentation A two year old boy with panhypopituitarism, hydrocephalus, developmental delay and obesity was referred for an ophthalmic opinion regarding concerns of recent[] The original description of the Foster Kennedy syndrome included the clinical triad of optic disc pallor in one eye, optic disc edema in the other eye, and reduced olfaction[] An 11-year-old boy with a juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma developed optic disc pallor in one eye and optic disc edema in the other eye (Foster Kennedy Syndrome [FKS])[]

  • Primary Optic Atrophy

    Hydrocephalus is a well-known cause of visual impairment [ 7, 8 ].[] Learning assessment Facilitate case discussion to achieve learning objectives Clinical skills can be tested via practicum of visual field, OCT and fundus photography Knowledge[] Differential Diagnosis Optic atrophy versus other causes of optic disc pallor: • Pallor of optic disc in partial optic atrophy must be differentiated from other causes of[]

  • Chiasmal Syndrome

    Extension of craniopharyngiomas into the third ventricle may cause hydrocephalus. Meningiomas can develop from the arachnoid layer.[] This can be tested easily at bedside. Visual fields The hallmark abnormality associated with chiasmal compression is a bitemporal superior quadrantanopsia.[] Figure 1: Humphrey automated static perimetry shows complete bitemporal hemianopia Click here to view Figure 2: (a) Fundus photography showing optic disc pallor in the left[]

  • Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension

    […] pressure hydrocephalus: A prospective, population-based study.[] Visual field tests were normal in four eyes.[] pallor in the presence of continuing swelling 24, 25 (Fig. 3 ).[]

  • Suprasellar Tumor

    Among 18 cases of suprasellar schwannoma, obstructive hydrocephalus was noted in two cases due to compression by the tumor. 2, 4) Communicating hydrocephalus has never been[] Neurological examination revealed pallor of the left optic disc. There was no extraocular dysmotility or facial numbness.[] […] and infundibulum, hypothalamus, and third ventricle, leading to presenting features including visual field loss, impairment in visual acuity, endocrine dysfunction, and hydrocephalus[]

  • Sellar Tumor with Suprasellar Extension

    It enables a more complete resection of the tumor; there is relief of the hydrocephalus, and it offers minimally-invasive tumor cyst decompression.[] For those with incidentalomas which do not require surgical removal, follow up clinical assessments and neuroimaging should be performed as well follow-up visual field examinations[] The extent of preoperative damage may by judged from a loss of arcuate nerve fibres surrounding the optic disc (the nerve fibre layer) and the degree of atrophy and pallor[]

  • Occipital Lobe Tumor

    Adams RD, Fisher CM, Hakim S, et al: Symptomatic occult hydrocephalus with 'normal' cerebrospinal-fluid pressure: A treatable syndrome. ‎[] With maturity, more rigorous computerized visual field tests are possible.[] When this happens, hydrocephalus, stiff neck, head tilt, and weakness may result.[]

  • Optic Neuropathy

    , 11 granulomas within the disc itself, 17 , 20 meningeal inflammation within the optic nerve sheath leading to an optic perineuritis, 21 and finally as a consequence of hydrocephalus[] With this information, it is possible to correlate the degree of slimming within these layers to abnormalities in the visual fields.[] , and (f) development of optic disc pallor, usually within 6-8 weeks.[]

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