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465 Possible Causes for Hyperactive Bowel Sounds, Increased Abdominal Girth, Patchy Areas of Villous Atrophy

  • Lactose Intolerance

    Lactose intolerance is an impaired ability to digest lactose, a sugar found in milk and other dairy products. Lactose is normally broken down by an enzyme called lactase, which is produced by cells in the lining of the small intestine. Congenital lactase deficiency, also called congenital alactasia, is a disorder in which[…][ghr.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Patchy Areas of Villous Atrophy
  • Intestinal Obstruction

    Examination revealed hyperactive bowel sounds with scant fecal matter on rectal examination.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Physical Exam Physical examination findings include: abdominal distension (more prevalent in distal obstructions), hyperactive bowel sounds (early), or hypoactive bowel sounds[saem.org] Hyperactive bowel sounds occur early as gastrointestinal (GI) contents attempt to overcome the obstruction; hypoactive bowel sounds occur later in the disease process.[emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Patchy Areas of Villous Atrophy
  • Small Bowel Obstruction

    On the other hand, if very hyperactive bowel sounds are heard they are indicative of mechanical obstruction.[symptoma.com] Signs Vital Sign s: Dehydration vs SIRS Criteria ( Sepsis ) Sinus Tachycardia Hypotension Bowel sounds Initial: High pitched, hyperactive bowel sounds Later: Hypoactive or[fpnotebook.com] Physical Exam Physical examination findings include: abdominal distension (more prevalent in distal obstructions), hyperactive bowel sounds (early), or hypoactive bowel sounds[saem.org]

    Missing: Patchy Areas of Villous Atrophy
  • Obstipation

    ‘A 71-year-old white man with no prior history of malignancy and a 2-week history of obstipation, increasing abdominal girth, and abdominal cramping sought medical attention[en.oxforddictionaries.com]

    Missing: Patchy Areas of Villous Atrophy
  • Large Bowel Obstruction

    At first, enteric stimuli resulting from the obstruction cause an increase in propulsive activity, causing hyperactive bowel sounds.[clinicaladvisor.com] Hyperactive, high-pitched bowels sounds at the beginning and then hypoactive bowel sounds as obstruction progresses and bowel muscles fatigue. Tachycardia. Fever.[clinicaladvisor.com] The end results can be bowel ischemia, necrosis, and/or perforation.[clinicaladvisor.com]

    Missing: Patchy Areas of Villous Atrophy
  • Partial Small Bowel Obstruction

    Patients showed symptoms between 1 and 20 days postoperatively and had findings ranging from hypoactive (45%), to normal (30%), to hyperactive (25%) bowel sounds.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Signs Vital Sign s: Dehydration vs SIRS Criteria ( Sepsis ) Sinus Tachycardia Hypotension Bowel sounds Initial: High pitched, hyperactive bowel sounds Later: Hypoactive or[fpnotebook.com] Physical Exam Physical examination findings include: abdominal distension (more prevalent in distal obstructions), hyperactive bowel sounds (early), or hypoactive bowel sounds[saem.org]

    Missing: Patchy Areas of Villous Atrophy
  • Malignant Neoplasm of the Small Intestine

    Statistics at a Glance At a Glance Estimated New Cases in 2019 10,590 % of All New Cancer Cases 0.6% Estimated Deaths in 2019 1,590 % of All Cancer Deaths 0.3% Percent Surviving 5 Years 68.0% 2009-2015 Year New Cases - SEER 9 New Cases - SEER 13 Deaths - U.S. Percent Surviving 5 Years - SEER 9 Observed Modeled[…][seer.cancer.gov]

    Missing: Patchy Areas of Villous Atrophy
  • Chronic Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction

    We report the case of a mother and two children who shared a mitochondrial DNA A3243G mutation. The mother had diabetes mellitus, neurogenic bladder, bradykinesia, dystonia, and slowly progressive cerebellar ataxia. Her two daughters were diagnosed with mitochondrial myopathy, encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Patchy Areas of Villous Atrophy
  • Intestinal Lymphoma

    Abstract Ten cases of primary upper small-intestinal lymphoma associated with alpha-chain protein in serum were discovered in a prospective study of the sera of patients with immunoproliferative small-intestinal disease (IPSID). Patients were mostly young males presenting with abdominal pain, weight loss, and diarrhea[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Patchy Areas of Villous Atrophy
  • Ileus

    Continued absence of bowel sounds suggests paralytic ileus whereas hyperactive bowel sounds may indicate a mechanical ileus ( Ruis-Tovar etal., 2010 ).[nursingcenter.com] bowel sounds, distention, localized tenderness Borborygmi, peristaltic waves, high-pitched bowel sounds, rushes, distention, localized tenderness Plain Radiographs Large[emedicine.medscape.com] Signs and symptoms include abdominal distention without pain or tenderness, nausea, vomiting, constipation, obstipation, anorexia, hypoactive or hyperactive bowel sounds,[nursingcenter.com]

    Missing: Patchy Areas of Villous Atrophy