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40 Possible Causes for Hyperactive Bowel Sounds, Nausea, Obstipation

  • Intestinal Obstruction

    Examination revealed hyperactive bowel sounds with scant fecal matter on rectal examination.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract BACKGROUND: Ondansetron use for nausea and vomiting during pregnancy has increased in the last years, although its maternal and fetal safety is not conclusive.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Symptoms include cramping pain, vomiting, obstipation, and lack of flatus. Diagnosis is clinical, confirmed by abdominal x-rays.[msdmanuals.com]

  • Small Bowel Obstruction

    A 66-year-old man presented to the emergency department complaining of lower abdominal pain with nausea and vomiting.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abnormal vital signs, obstipation, and lab values were not predictors of surgery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On the other hand, if very hyperactive bowel sounds are heard they are indicative of mechanical obstruction.[symptoma.com]

  • Large Bowel Obstruction

    At first, enteric stimuli resulting from the obstruction cause an increase in propulsive activity, causing hyperactive bowel sounds.[clinicaladvisor.com] The most common symptoms include not being able to pass gas or have a bowel movement, nausea, vomiting, bloating, abdominal swelling and pain.[my.clevelandclinic.org] CONCLUSIONS: Diverting blowhole colostomy is a safe, quick, and effective procedure for the urgent management of distal colonic obstruction associated with obstipation and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Volvulus

    bowel sounds High rate of mortality, particularly in older patients ( Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2013;17:127 ) Radiology description Dilated loops of intestine Volvulus may[pathologyoutlines.com] The most frequent findings were abdominal pain (100%), emesis (91.7%) and nausea (83.3%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The most common presenting symptoms of volvulus were abdominal pain (n 4) and obstipation (n 4).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome

    Abdominal pain (OR   1.01; 95% CI: 0.98-1.03; P   0.05), nausea (OR   1.00; 95% CI: 0.98-1.02; P   0.05), vomiting (OR: 0.99; 95% CI: 0.98-1.01; P   0.05), and headache (OR[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The bowel sounds may vary depending on whether the patient has constipation (bowel sounds may be hypoactive) or diarrhea (bowel sounds may be hyperactive).[clinicaladvisor.com] Abdominal pain (OR   1.01; 95% CI: 0.98–1.03; P  0.05), nausea (OR   1.00; 95% CI: 0.98–1.02; P  0.05), vomiting (OR: 0.99; 95% CI: 0.98–1.01; P  0.05), and headache (OR   [doi.org]

  • Obstipation

    ‘A 27-year-old man presented to the emergency department with a 3-day history of progressively worsening abdominal pain, nausea, emesis, and obstipation following a weekend[en.oxforddictionaries.com] […] light blue color Fit, young woman holding a circle made out of vegetables over her abdomen man suffering from stomach ache, diarrhea, constipation, acid reflux, indigestion, nausea[shutterstock.com] You may also have bloating, nausea, or vomiting. What increases my risk for obstipation?[drugs.com]

  • Partial Small Bowel Obstruction

    Patients showed symptoms between 1 and 20 days postoperatively and had findings ranging from hypoactive (45%), to normal (30%), to hyperactive (25%) bowel sounds.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] post Share on other sites evolvingrn works as a RN. 8,200 Visitors; 1,035 Posts They don't always need and NG tube. if the patient is not throwing up or feeling extreme nausea[allnurses.com] Symptoms include cramping pain, vomiting, obstipation, and lack of flatus. Diagnosis is clinical, confirmed by abdominal x-rays.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Gallstone Ileus

    We describe the case of a 94-year-old woman who presented with nausea, vomiting, mild abdominal tenderness, leukocytosis, and a 2.5-cm obstruction in her small bowel.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] There may be obstipation or passage of slight amounts of watery stool. Auscultation reveals a silent abdomen or minimal peristalsis.[merckmanuals.com] On the 6th day of hospitalization, the patient presented abdominal distension, hyperactive bowel sounds, and mild diffuse tenderness.[karger.com]

  • Abdominal Visceral Abscess

    Abdominal examination revealed hyperactive bowel sounds and tenderness in the epigastrium & RUQ. Liver span was 14 cm. The rest of the examination was unremarkable.[bjmp.org] Patients may also have nausea and vomiting.[medical-institution.com] Colonoscopy or opaque enema and/or anorectal manometry may be useful for intestinal obstipation without organic injury 13,14.[scielo.br]

  • Ileus

    Continued absence of bowel sounds suggests paralytic ileus whereas hyperactive bowel sounds may indicate a mechanical ileus ( Ruis-Tovar etal., 2010 ).[nursingcenter.com] Postoperative nausea and vomiting have high incidences.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Ileus, obstipation, and bowel obstruction are encountered frequently in the cancer patient.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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