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40 Possible Causes for Hyperactive Bowel Sounds, Nausea, Obstipation

  • Intestinal Obstruction

    Examination revealed hyperactive bowel sounds with scant fecal matter on rectal examination.[] Abstract BACKGROUND: Ondansetron use for nausea and vomiting during pregnancy has increased in the last years, although its maternal and fetal safety is not conclusive.[] Symptoms include cramping pain, vomiting, obstipation, and lack of flatus. Diagnosis is clinical, confirmed by abdominal x-rays.[]

  • Small Bowel Obstruction

    A 66-year-old man presented to the emergency department complaining of lower abdominal pain with nausea and vomiting.[] Abnormal vital signs, obstipation, and lab values were not predictors of surgery.[] On the other hand, if very hyperactive bowel sounds are heard they are indicative of mechanical obstruction.[]

  • Large Bowel Obstruction

    At first, enteric stimuli resulting from the obstruction cause an increase in propulsive activity, causing hyperactive bowel sounds.[] The most common symptoms include not being able to pass gas or have a bowel movement, nausea, vomiting, bloating, abdominal swelling and pain.[] CONCLUSIONS: Diverting blowhole colostomy is a safe, quick, and effective procedure for the urgent management of distal colonic obstruction associated with obstipation and[]

  • Volvulus

    bowel sounds High rate of mortality, particularly in older patients ( Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2013;17:127 ) Radiology description Dilated loops of intestine Volvulus may[] The most frequent findings were abdominal pain (100%), emesis (91.7%) and nausea (83.3%).[] The most common presenting symptoms of volvulus were abdominal pain (n 4) and obstipation (n 4).[]

  • Irritable Bowel Syndrome

    Abdominal pain (OR   1.01; 95% CI: 0.98-1.03; P   0.05), nausea (OR   1.00; 95% CI: 0.98-1.02; P   0.05), vomiting (OR: 0.99; 95% CI: 0.98-1.01; P   0.05), and headache (OR[] The bowel sounds may vary depending on whether the patient has constipation (bowel sounds may be hypoactive) or diarrhea (bowel sounds may be hyperactive).[] Abdominal pain (OR   1.01; 95% CI: 0.98–1.03; P  0.05), nausea (OR   1.00; 95% CI: 0.98–1.02; P  0.05), vomiting (OR: 0.99; 95% CI: 0.98–1.01; P  0.05), and headache (OR   []

  • Obstipation

    ‘A 27-year-old man presented to the emergency department with a 3-day history of progressively worsening abdominal pain, nausea, emesis, and obstipation following a weekend[] […] light blue color Fit, young woman holding a circle made out of vegetables over her abdomen man suffering from stomach ache, diarrhea, constipation, acid reflux, indigestion, nausea[] You may also have bloating, nausea, or vomiting. What increases my risk for obstipation?[]

  • Partial Small Bowel Obstruction

    Patients showed symptoms between 1 and 20 days postoperatively and had findings ranging from hypoactive (45%), to normal (30%), to hyperactive (25%) bowel sounds.[] […] post Share on other sites evolvingrn works as a RN. 8,200 Visitors; 1,035 Posts They don't always need and NG tube. if the patient is not throwing up or feeling extreme nausea[] Symptoms include cramping pain, vomiting, obstipation, and lack of flatus. Diagnosis is clinical, confirmed by abdominal x-rays.[]

  • Gallstone Ileus

    We describe the case of a 94-year-old woman who presented with nausea, vomiting, mild abdominal tenderness, leukocytosis, and a 2.5-cm obstruction in her small bowel.[] There may be obstipation or passage of slight amounts of watery stool. Auscultation reveals a silent abdomen or minimal peristalsis.[] On the 6th day of hospitalization, the patient presented abdominal distension, hyperactive bowel sounds, and mild diffuse tenderness.[]

  • Abdominal Visceral Abscess

    Abdominal examination revealed hyperactive bowel sounds and tenderness in the epigastrium & RUQ. Liver span was 14 cm. The rest of the examination was unremarkable.[] Patients may also have nausea and vomiting.[] Colonoscopy or opaque enema and/or anorectal manometry may be useful for intestinal obstipation without organic injury 13,14.[]

  • Ileus

    Continued absence of bowel sounds suggests paralytic ileus whereas hyperactive bowel sounds may indicate a mechanical ileus ( Ruis-Tovar etal., 2010 ).[] Postoperative nausea and vomiting have high incidences.[] Ileus, obstipation, and bowel obstruction are encountered frequently in the cancer patient.[]

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