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1,147 Possible Causes for Hyperactive Bowel Sounds, Patchy Areas of Villous Atrophy, Volvulus

  • Intestinal Obstruction

    Unlike many cases, the patient did not present with typical signs of volvulus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Examination revealed hyperactive bowel sounds with scant fecal matter on rectal examination.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Physical Exam Physical examination findings include: abdominal distension (more prevalent in distal obstructions), hyperactive bowel sounds (early), or hypoactive bowel sounds[saem.org]

    Missing: Patchy Areas of Villous Atrophy
  • Small Bowel Obstruction

    On the other hand, if very hyperactive bowel sounds are heard they are indicative of mechanical obstruction.[symptoma.com] We present a case of primary ileal volvulus with a gangrenous segment and a brief overview of the current literature.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Signs Vital Sign s: Dehydration vs SIRS Criteria ( Sepsis ) Sinus Tachycardia Hypotension Bowel sounds Initial: High pitched, hyperactive bowel sounds Later: Hypoactive or[fpnotebook.com]

    Missing: Patchy Areas of Villous Atrophy
  • Recurrent Small Bowel Obstruction

    Signs Vital Sign s: Dehydration vs SIRS Criteria ( Sepsis ) Sinus Tachycardia Hypotension Bowel sounds Initial: High pitched, hyperactive bowel sounds Later: Hypoactive or[fpnotebook.com] Two intubations were for midgut volvulus, 13 for small intestinal obstruction after extensive adhesolysis, and 10 as an adjunct to the operative management of enterocutaneous[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The etiology included adhesions (38%), incarcerated ventral incisional hernias (32%), Meckel diverticulum (7%), stricture (14%), volvulus (3%), intussusception (4%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Patchy Areas of Villous Atrophy
  • Volvulus

    There are several types of volvulus such as sigmoid volvulus, cecal volvulus, gastric volvulus, volvulus neonatorum and volvulus of the small intestine.[symptoma.com] bowel sounds High rate of mortality, particularly in older patients ( Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2013;17:127 ) Radiology description Dilated loops of intestine Volvulus may[pathologyoutlines.com] Bowel sounds are initially hyperactive becoming absent later on [ 1, 7 ].[panafrican-med-journal.com]

    Missing: Patchy Areas of Villous Atrophy
  • Large Bowel Obstruction

    At first, enteric stimuli resulting from the obstruction cause an increase in propulsive activity, causing hyperactive bowel sounds.[clinicaladvisor.com] Rare sites of colonic volvulus include the transverse colon (about 2%) and splenic flexure (1-2%). Synchronous double colonic volvulus is very rare.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Synchronous double colonic volvulus is extremely rare and to the best of our knowledge, this is the 4th reported case of simultaneous sigmoid and caecal volvulus in the English[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Patchy Areas of Villous Atrophy
  • Short Bowel Syndrome

    Laparotomy revealed small bowel diverticulosis with very short mesentery leading to volvulus of near total small bowel.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Probable primary midgut volvulus was diagnosed. Early diagnosis of primary volvulus of the small intestine is difficult.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] RESULTS: Forty-three patients were divided into 4 groups according to aetiology (gastroschisis, volvulus, necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), intestinal atresia).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Patchy Areas of Villous Atrophy
  • Partial Small Bowel Obstruction

    Patients showed symptoms between 1 and 20 days postoperatively and had findings ranging from hypoactive (45%), to normal (30%), to hyperactive (25%) bowel sounds.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Signs Vital Sign s: Dehydration vs SIRS Criteria ( Sepsis ) Sinus Tachycardia Hypotension Bowel sounds Initial: High pitched, hyperactive bowel sounds Later: Hypoactive or[fpnotebook.com] Hernias, volvulus, and intussusception carry a higher gangrene risk.[medlineplus.gov]

    Missing: Patchy Areas of Villous Atrophy
  • Chronic Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction

    Caecal volvulus remains a rare cause of intestinal obstruction that often requires operative intervention.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report two pediatric cases in which mechanical obstruction by volvulus mimicked an exacerbation of CIPS, requiring surgical intervention.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abdominal scan indicating sigmoid volvulus Figure 3. Another abdominal scan view indicating sigmoid volvulus Figure 4.[pubs.sciepub.com]

    Missing: Patchy Areas of Villous Atrophy
  • Ileus

    Volvulus See also the separate article on Volvulus and Midgut Malrotations . Sigmoid volvulus can be treated conservatively in many cases.[patient.info] Continued absence of bowel sounds suggests paralytic ileus whereas hyperactive bowel sounds may indicate a mechanical ileus ( Ruis-Tovar etal., 2010 ).[nursingcenter.com] Volvulus See also the separate article on Volvulus and Midgut Malrotations. Sigmoid volvulus can be treated conservatively in many cases.[patient.info]

    Missing: Patchy Areas of Villous Atrophy
  • Obstipation

    Volvulus: This occurs when the intestines twist, leading to obstruction and ischemic damage.[belmarrahealth.com] Air contrast barium enema is useful to assess the possibility of an obstructing colon cancer, intermittent volvulus, or colonic stricture in the setting of chronic constipation[web.archive.org] Structural causes of secondary constipation include anal fissures, thrombosed hemorrhoids, colonic strictures, obstructing tumors, volvulus, and idiopathic megarectum.[emedicine.com]

    Missing: Patchy Areas of Villous Atrophy

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