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21 Possible Causes for Hyperactive Bowel Sounds, Tympanitic Abdomen

  • Intestinal Obstruction

    Examination revealed hyperactive bowel sounds with scant fecal matter on rectal examination.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abdominal palpation may reveal a distended, tympanitic abdomen; however, this finding may not be present in patients with early or proximal obstruction.[aafp.org] Physical Exam Physical examination findings include: abdominal distension (more prevalent in distal obstructions), hyperactive bowel sounds (early), or hypoactive bowel sounds[saem.org]

  • Small Bowel Obstruction

    Her physical exam reveals hyperactive bowel sounds, diffuse abdominal tenderness and distention. An abdominal x-ray is shown below.[medbullets.com] Abdominal palpation may reveal a distended, tympanitic abdomen; however, this finding may not be present in patients with early or proximal obstruction.[aafp.org] On the other hand, if very hyperactive bowel sounds are heard they are indicative of mechanical obstruction.[symptoma.com]

  • Cecal Volvulus

    As regards clinical examination, it demonstrated a distended tender abdomen with hyperactive bowel sounds. Laboratory works were within normal limits.[saudisurgj.org] Abdomen Rebound Tenderness: in cases with peritonitis/bowel ischemia Nausea/Vomiting (see Nausea and Vomiting , [[Nausea and Vomiting]]) Obstipation : failure to pass stools[mdnxs.com] bowel sounds High rate of mortality, particularly in older patients ( Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2013;17:127 ) Radiology description Dilated loops of intestine Volvulus may[pathologyoutlines.com]

  • Sigmoid Volvulus

    bowel sounds High rate of mortality, particularly in older patients ( Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2013;17:127 ) Radiology description Dilated loops of intestine Volvulus may[pathologyoutlines.com] Distention may compromise Respiratory & cardiac function Tympanitic abdomen, Abdominal distention /- palpable mass Diagnosis - Abdominal plain films usually diagnostic Inverted[quizlet.com] abdomen Abdominal distention /- palpable mass Diagnosis Abdominal plain films usually diagnostic Inverted U-shaped appearance of distended sigmoid loop Largest and most dilated[learningradiology.com]

  • Volvulus

    bowel sounds High rate of mortality, particularly in older patients ( Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2013;17:127 ) Radiology description Dilated loops of intestine Volvulus may[pathologyoutlines.com] abdomen Abdominal distention /- palpable mass Diagnosis Abdominal plain films usually diagnostic Inverted U-shaped appearance of distended sigmoid loop Largest and most dilated[learningradiology.com] Bowel sounds are initially hyperactive becoming absent later on [ 1 , 7 ].[panafrican-med-journal.com]

  • Partial Small Bowel Obstruction

    Patients showed symptoms between 1 and 20 days postoperatively and had findings ranging from hypoactive (45%), to normal (30%), to hyperactive (25%) bowel sounds.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abdominal palpation may reveal a distended, tympanitic abdomen; however, this finding may not be present in patients with early or proximal obstruction.[aafp.org] Her physical exam reveals hyperactive bowel sounds, diffuse abdominal tenderness and distention. An abdominal x-ray is shown below.[medbullets.com]

  • Recurrent Small Bowel Obstruction

    Signs Vital Sign s: Dehydration vs SIRS Criteria ( Sepsis ) Sinus Tachycardia Hypotension Bowel sounds Initial: High pitched, hyperactive bowel sounds Later: Hypoactive or[fpnotebook.com] Abdominal palpation may reveal a distended, tympanitic abdomen; however, this finding may not be present in patients with early or proximal obstruction.[aafp.org] sounds, which are unreliable but may be hyperactive early in an obstruction or hypoactive/absent as the bowel distends Abdominal tenderness: mild diffuse tenderness is common[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Large Bowel Obstruction

    At first, enteric stimuli resulting from the obstruction cause an increase in propulsive activity, causing hyperactive bowel sounds.[clinicaladvisor.com] Abdominal palpation may reveal a distended, tympanitic abdomen; however, this finding may not be present in patients with early or proximal obstruction.[aafp.org] The abdomen is highly tympanitic to percussion, with high-pitched bowel sounds. An abdominal mass might be present but the distension may prevent it being palpable.[surgwiki.com]

  • Pneumoperitoneum

    Physical examination revealed all patients with relaxed abdominal wall except 1 patient with abdominal distension had slight muscle stiffness and hyperactive bowel sounds.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On the physical exam the abdomen is usually tympanitic and rigid. Rectal prolapse or crepitus from trapping of subcutaneous air in the abdominal wall may be also seen.[bmcgastroenterol.biomedcentral.com] The additional presence of a tympanitic, rigid abdomen, hypotension, dyspnea, and jugular vein congestion were considered as signs of tension pneumoperitoneum, requiring immediate[bmcgastroenterol.biomedcentral.com]

  • Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction

    On day 15, he developed increasing abdominal distention with hyperactive bowel sounds.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The abdomen was distended with diffuse tenderness. There was no guarding or rigidity. There was a tympanitic note on percussing the abdomen.[jpharmacol.com]

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