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12 Possible Causes for Hyperactive Bowel Sounds, Tympanitic Abdomen

  • Small Bowel Obstruction

    On the other hand, if very hyperactive bowel sounds are heard they are indicative of mechanical obstruction.[symptoma.com] Signs Vital Sign s: Dehydration vs SIRS Criteria ( Sepsis ) Sinus Tachycardia Hypotension Bowel sounds Initial: High pitched, hyperactive bowel sounds Later: Hypoactive or[fpnotebook.com] But 48 hours later, (96 hours postpartum), abdominal distension, visible peristaltic waves and hyperactive bowel sounds re-appeared.[saudijgastro.com]

  • Intestinal Obstruction

    BMJ Case Rep. 2015 Jun 8;2015. pii: bcr2014206638. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2014-206638. Author information 1 Department of General Surgery, Centro Hospitalar de Vila Nova de Gaia/Espinho, Porto, Portugal. Abstract Gastrointestinal duplications are rare congenital malformations seldom diagnosed in adulthood. They may vary[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Cecal Volvulus

    As regards clinical examination, it demonstrated a distended tender abdomen with hyperactive bowel sounds. Laboratory works were within normal limits.[saudisurgj.org] Abdomen Rebound Tenderness: in cases with peritonitis/bowel ischemia Nausea/Vomiting (see Nausea and Vomiting , [[Nausea and Vomiting]]) Obstipation : failure to pass stools[mdnxs.com] bowel sounds High rate of mortality, particularly in older patients ( Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2013;17:127 ) Radiology description Dilated loops of intestine Volvulus may[pathologyoutlines.com]

  • Sigmoid Volvulus

    On physical examination, bowel sounds were hyperactive, the abdomen was distended, firm, and diffusely tender to palpation with guarding.[scitechnol.com] Distention may compromise Respiratory & cardiac function Tympanitic abdomen, Abdominal distention /- palpable mass Diagnosis - Abdominal plain films usually diagnostic Inverted[quizlet.com] abdomen Abdominal distention /- palpable mass Diagnosis Abdominal plain films usually diagnostic Inverted U-shaped appearance of distended sigmoid loop Largest and most dilated[learningradiology.com]

  • Volvulus

    bowel sounds High rate of mortality, particularly in older patients ( Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2013;17:127 ) Radiology description Dilated loops of intestine Volvulus may[pathologyoutlines.com] abdomen Abdominal distention /- palpable mass Diagnosis Abdominal plain films usually diagnostic Inverted U-shaped appearance of distended sigmoid loop Largest and most dilated[learningradiology.com] Bowel sounds are initially hyperactive becoming absent later on [ 1 , 7 ].[panafrican-med-journal.com]

  • Large Bowel Obstruction

    At first, enteric stimuli resulting from the obstruction cause an increase in propulsive activity, causing hyperactive bowel sounds.[clinicaladvisor.com] His abdomen was distended, tympanitic to percussion, and nontender. Bowel sounds were quiet, but present.[accessemergencymedicine.mhmedical.com] The abdomen is highly tympanitic to percussion, with high-pitched bowel sounds. An abdominal mass might be present but the distension may prevent it being palpable.[surgwiki.com]

  • Pilocarpus

    Serous exudation into the tympanitic cavities. Tinnitus. (PILOCARPIN 2x.) Mouth. Saliva viscid, like white of egg. Dryness. Free salivation, WITH PROFUSE SWEATING.[homeopathycenter.org] Abdomen. Diarrhoea, painless; during day with flushed face and profuse sweat. Urinary Organs. Scanty; pain over pubes with much urging. Heart. Pulse irregular, dicrotic.[homeopathycenter.org]

  • Pneumoperitoneum

    Physical examination revealed all patients with relaxed abdominal wall except 1 patient with abdominal distension had slight muscle stiffness and hyperactive bowel sounds.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] On the physical exam the abdomen is usually tympanitic and rigid. Rectal prolapse or crepitus from trapping of subcutaneous air in the abdominal wall may be also seen.[bmcgastroenterol.biomedcentral.com] The additional presence of a tympanitic, rigid abdomen, hypotension, dyspnea, and jugular vein congestion were considered as signs of tension pneumoperitoneum, requiring immediate[bmcgastroenterol.biomedcentral.com]

  • Abdominal Visceral Abscess

    Abdominal examination revealed hyperactive bowel sounds and tenderness in the epigastrium & RUQ. Liver span was 14 cm. The rest of the examination was unremarkable.[bjmp.org] With the patient adequately undressed and comfortable, systematically examine the abdomen - inspection, percussion (the abdomen may be tympanitic in bowel obstruction), palpation[patient.info] Establish whether it is an acute abdomen - note whether there is distension, guarding, rigidity or rebound tenderness.[patient.info]

  • Colonic Pseudo-Obstruction

    sounds can be normal or hyperactive in about 40% Imaging Findings Plain films of the abdomen are the study of choice Colon is dilated May have multiple, long fluid levels[learningradiology.com] The physical exam is remarkable for a distended, tympanitic abdomen, hypoactive bowel sounds, and sometimes fever and abdominal tenderness.[ispub.com] Physical examination findings include a markedly distended abdomen that is usually tympanitic to percussion. Bowel sounds are often present.[clinicalgate.com]

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