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259 Possible Causes for Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes, Increased Ankle Reflex

  • Upper Motor Neuron Disease

    […] tone bilaterally, pyramidal weakness bilaterally, increased knee reflexes, upgoing plantars and clonus) Absent ankle reflexes Tongue wasting and fasciculations Increased[medicaleducationleeds.com] […] tendon reflexes, and Babinski signs.[neuropathology-web.org] And spasticity involves an increase in muscle tone, an increase in deep tendon reflexes, and the phenomenon of clonus.[coursera.org]

  • Stroke

    Spasticity is a common issue in chronic stroke. To date, no study has reported the long-term (up to 1 year) outcomes of Fu's subcutaneous needling in combination with constraint-induced movement therapy in chronic stroke. This report describes the successful addition of acupuncture on spasticity and arm function[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Cerebral Thrombosis

    INTRODUCTION: The propositus - a two-week-old boy - was transferred to our university hospital for investigation of increased head circumference and full fontanel. On ultrasound, thrombosis of the right internal cerebral vein and intraventricular haemorrhage was diagnosed, confirmed by MRI. Family history revealed[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Hyperthyroidism

    J Obstet Gynaecol. 2016 May;36(4):529-30. doi: 10.3109/01443615.2015.1110126. Epub 2016 Mar 16. Author information 1 a Department of Nuclear Medicine , University Medical Centre Ljubljana , Ljubljana , Slovenia and. 2 b Division of Gynaecology and Obstetrics , University Medical Centre Ljubljana , Ljubljana , Slovenia.[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    We present three patients with a clinical course and cerebrospinal fluid findings consistent with a diagnosis of primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS). Extensive and repeated magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations showed only diffuse abnormality in brain and spinal cord, but no focal lesions. We propose[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Cervical Spondylosis

    Background Cervical spondylosis is a common degenerative condition of the cervical spine. It is most likely caused by age-related changes in the intervertebral disks. Clinically, several syndromes, both overlapping and distinct, are seen. These include neck and shoulder pain, suboccipital pain and headache, radicular[…][emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Cerebral Hemorrhage

    Intracerebral hemorrhage is a rare event during pregnancy that can result in serious morbidity and mortality for the mother and infant. In this article, we describe a case involving a multiparous woman at 34 weeks gestation who presented with a 5-cm intracerebral bleed. Within 2 hours of presenting, she underwent[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Graves Disease

    Graves' disease is the most common cause of hyperthyroidism and is often managed with radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy. With current dosing schemes, the vast majority of patients develop permanent post-RAI hypothyroidism and are placed on life-long levothyroxine therapy. This hypothyroidism typically occurs within[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Subdural Hematoma

    Of the multitude of neurologic injuries related to roller-coaster rides, a majority of them are reported about adults. In this case, we present a patient who presented to the pediatric emergency department with new-onset seizure and hemiplegia 2 days after a roller-coaster ride. She was ultimately diagnosed with a[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Myelopathy

    , Deep tendon reflexes in the knee and ankle will be accentuated (hyperreflexia), Forced extension of the ankle may cause the foot to beat up and down rapidly (clonus), Scratching[necksolutions.com] […] retardation) – 1 Serious urination difficulty (residual urine, dysuria) – 0 Urine retention Additional findings associated with myelopathy: Muscular tone in the legs will be increased[necksolutions.com]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes

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