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1,415 Possible Causes for Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes, Increased Ankle Reflex, Spastic Paralysis

  • Upper Motor Neuron Disease

    […] tone bilaterally, pyramidal weakness bilaterally, increased knee reflexes, upgoing plantars and clonus) Absent ankle reflexes Tongue wasting and fasciculations Increased[medicaleducationleeds.com] There are also rare progressive, autosomal recessive upper motor neuron degenerations (Infantile –Onset Ascending Hereditary Spastic Paralysis, Juvenile Primary Lateral Sclerosis[neuropathology-web.org] And spasticity involves an increase in muscle tone, an increase in deep tendon reflexes, and the phenomenon of clonus.[coursera.org]

  • Stroke

    Cerebral hemisphere infarcts may cause: Contralateral hemiplegia which is initially flaccid (floppy limb, falls like a dead weight when lifted) and then becomes spastic.[patient.info] Posterior circulation ischaemia [ 1 ] : Motor deficits (weakness, clumsiness, or paralysis of any combination of arms and legs, up to quadriplegia, sometimes changing from[patient.info]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Primary Progressive Multiple Sclerosis

    Affected individuals may have tremors, muscle stiffness (spasticity), exaggerated reflexes (hyperreflexia), weakness or partial paralysis of the muscles of the limbs, difficulty[icdlist.com] Later symptoms may include: Fatigue Muscle spasticity and stiffness Tremors Paralysis Pain Vertigo Speech or swallowing difficulty Loss of bowel and bladder control Incontinence[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Spastic Paraplegia

    […] of deep tendon reflexes in the legs, loss of ankle flexibility, and decrease of sensation in the legs.[encyclopedia.com] A wide variety of insults to the corticospinal tract result in spastic paralysis . The hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSPs) are single gene disorders in which...[link.springer.com] […] hereditary - G11.4 hereditary, spastic - G11.4 familial spastic - G11.4 hereditary, spastic - G11.4 familial spastic - G11.4 Paralysis, paralytic (complete) (incomplete)[icdlist.com]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Myelopathy

    , Deep tendon reflexes in the knee and ankle will be accentuated (hyperreflexia), Forced extension of the ankle may cause the foot to beat up and down rapidly (clonus), Scratching[necksolutions.com] 00 Myelopathy is the clinical scenario of spinal cord compression causing upper motor neuron (UMN) neurologic dysfunction such as trouble walking, increased reflexes and spasticity[spine.keckmedicine.org] […] retardation) – 1 Serious urination difficulty (residual urine, dysuria) – 0 Urine retention Additional findings associated with myelopathy: Muscular tone in the legs will be increased[necksolutions.com]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Cervical Herniated Disc

    Changes in bladder or bowel function Paralysis from the waist down Bulging disc in your cervical spine: Pain moving your neck Deep pain near or over your shoulder blade Radiating[depuysynthes.com] […] symptoms may include: Bulging disc in your thoracic spine: Muscle weakness, numbness, or tingling in one or both legs Increased reflexes in one or both legs that can cause spasticity[depuysynthes.com]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Cervical Spinal Cord Tumor

    Some spinal tumors may cause leg or arm weakness and numbness, sciatica, partial paralysis, clumsiness, spasticity, bowel or bladder problems, or spinal deformity.[atlantabrainandspine.com]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Multiple Sclerosis

    Some people experience muscle weakness, poor balance, poor coordination, muscle tightness or spasticity, tremors or paralysis, which may be temporary or permanent.[slhn.org] […] risk of falling and decreased bone mineral density osteoporosis relating to physical inactivity, vitamin D deficiency, immunomodulatory medication gait abnormalities muscle paralysis[orthobullets.com] Vertigo or dizziness Erectile dysfunction ( ED , impotence ) Pregnancy problems Incontinence (or conversely, urinary retention ) Muscle spasticity Incoordination of muscles[medicinenet.com]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Spinal Cord Transection

    Muscle hypertonia with spastic paresis Increased proprioceptive reflex: hyperreflexia Inexhaustible clonus : e.g., ankle clonus Anal reflex remains absent Pathological reflexes[amboss.com] Characteristically there is: lower motor neuron paralysis at the level of injury upper motor neuron (or spastic) paralysis below the level of injury The degree of neurological[radiopaedia.org] When the stage of spinal shock passes, the typical UMN picture within hyperreflexia and spastic paralysis below the level of the injury supervenes.[casemed.case.edu]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Cervical Myelopathy

    Thus these medical signs will become pathological: Increased tension in the leg muscles (Hyperreflexia) Accentuated reflexes of the knee and ankle Forced extension of the[dr-bertagnoli.com] , Deep tendon reflexes in the knee and ankle will be accentuated (hyperreflexia), Forced extension of the ankle may cause the foot to beat up and down rapidly (clonus), Scratching[necksolutions.com] […] difficulty (pollakisuria, retardation) – 1 Serious urination difficulty (residual urine, dysuria) – 0 Urine retention Additional findings: Muscular tone in the legs will be increased[necksolutions.com]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes

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