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460 Possible Causes for Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes, Quadriceps Muscle Weakness

  • Motor Neuron Disease

    […] tendon reflexes, and Babinski signs.[] […] of deep finger flexors and the quadriceps femoris with typical rimmed vacuoles on muscle biopsy Postpolio syndrome (PPS) Monomeric amyotrophy (also known as Hirayama disease[] In about 25% of cases, ALS begins with brainstem symptoms (dysarthria, difficulty swallowing) followed by extremity weakness.[]

  • Osteoarthritis

    Muscle weakness, especially in the quadriceps, may be both a cause and an effect of OA of the knee ( Figure 2 ).[] For example, if your quadriceps (the muscles in the front of your thigh) are weak, you may be more likely to get arthritis of the knee.[] A lack of exercise can cause your muscles and joints to become weak.[]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Toxoplasmosis

    Parasitol Res. 2017 Jun;116(6):1603-1615. doi: 10.1007/s00436-017-5458-2. Epub 2017 May 5. Author information 1 Departamento de Ciências Patológicas, Laboratório de Parasitologia, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Londrina, PR, Brazil. 2 Departamento de Ciências Patológicas, Laboratório de Parasitologia, Universidade[…][]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Osteoarthritis of the Knee

    In conclusion, the use of NMES for quadriceps muscle weakness has been shown to improve muscle strength.[] Pain in the knee joint can lead to wasting and weakness of the Quadriceps (thigh) muscles.[] Weakness and loss of neuromuscular control of the quadriceps, as well as other muscles around the knee and the hip, is thought to be a precursor to the degenerative process[]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Arthritis of Knee

    Conservative Management Strengthening of the quadriceps muscle of the quadriceps muscle group can be beneficial, especially in patients with maltracking and weakness of these[] Problems associated with patellectomy include loss of normal knee power and function, quadriceps weakness, and failure to resolve anterior knee pain.[] Cybex measurements after patellectomy demonstrate significant decreases in the peak torque of the quadriceps muscles, with preservation of normal hamstring function. [35][]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Torn Meniscus

    Some of these factors include: muscle weakness (particularly of the quadriceps, hamstrings or gluteals) muscle tightness (particularly of the quadriceps, hamstrings or calf[]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Infectious Mononucleosis

    A 15-year-old previously healthy girl presented in full arrest after 1 week of flu-like symptoms, recent diagnosis of infectious mononucleosis, and 1 day of abdominal pain. There was no history of trauma. Focused assessment with sonography for trauma examination showed free fluid in the abdomen. The patient died[…][]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Liver Cirrhosis

    Gastroparesis has long been associated with diabetes mellitus or autonomic dysfunction in general. Unfortunately, this condition has never been explored sufficiently in liver cirrhosis patients, although a significant number of them have gastrointestinal symptoms usually explained by the presence of ascites or[…][]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

    Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a cause of pain, numbness, and tingling in the hands and is an important cause of work disability. Although high prevalence rates of CTS in certain occupations have been reported, little is known about its prevalence in the general population. To estimate the prevalence of CTS in a[…][]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes
  • Hyperthyroidism

    Sudden deterioration of visual functions warrants comprehensive ophthalmic examination with evaluation for systemic association. Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is an uncommon disorder that can present with neurological deficits. We report a young female patient aged 28 years who presented with severe headache[…][]

    Missing: Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes

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