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17 Possible Causes for Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes, Slow Speech

  • Pseudobulbar Palsy

    Signs and symptoms of pseudobulbar palsy include: Slow and indistinct speech Dysphagia (difficulty in swallowing) Small, stiff and spastic tongue Brisk jaw jerk Dysarthria[en.wikipedia.org] brainstem reflexes (eg, jaw jerk), the dissociation of automatic and volitional movements of the bulbar muscles with preservation of automatic movements, and the absence[medlink.com] Facial muscle weakness, emotional lability, dysarthria (slowed or slurred speech), dysphagia (difficulty swallowing), dysphonia (vocal cord muscle spasms) and progressive[newyorkfacialparalysis.com]

  • Epilepsia Partialis Continua

    […] with hyperactivity of medullary brainstem reticular formation; and (c) primary generalized epileptic myo-clonus as a fragment of primary generalized epilepsy, which may represent[neupsykey.com] […] as a fragment of partial epilepsy, which represents hyperactivity of a focal area of cerebral cortex; (b) reticular reflex myoclonus as a fragment of generalized epilepsy[neupsykey.com] A recent report even implicates a cerebellar lesion as possible cause for EPC. 263 In 1985, Hallett introduced three types of epileptic myo-clonus: (a) cortical reflex myoclonus[neupsykey.com]

  • Progressive Bulbar Palsy

    Pseudobulbar palsy is a clinical syndrome of dysarthria, dysphagia, a hyperactive gag reflex and labile emotional responses.[radiopaedia.org] Damage to motor neuron structures responsible for speech results in a slow and distorted speech, while dysphagia usually follows the onset of speech difficulties.[symptoma.com] Typical symptoms of bulbar palsy include slowed or paralyzed eye movements, facial weakness, slurred speech (dysarthria or nasal), gait disturbance and dizziness.[dizziness-and-balance.com]

  • Motor Neuron Disease

    The main symptom of speech disorder was dysarthria, involving low pitch, slow rate, hypernasality and hoarseness.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] tendon reflexes, and Babinski signs.[neuropathology-web.org] It causes weakness and stiffness in the arms and legs, a slowed walk, and poor coordination and balance. Speech also becomes slow and slurred.[webmd.com]

  • Infantile-Onset Ascending Hereditary Spastic Paralysis

    […] eye movements by early adolescence * Speech difficulty by early adolescence * Swallowing difficulty by early adolescence Causes - Hereditary spastic paralysis- infantile[checkorphan.org] […] tendon reflexes, and Babinski signs.[neuropathology-web.org] Muscles in the head and neck usually weaken during adolescence; symptoms include slow eye movements and difficulty with speech and swallowing.[ghr.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Upper Motor Neuron Disease

    It causes weakness and stiffness in the arms and legs, a slowed walk, and poor coordination and balance. Speech also becomes slow and slurred.[webmd.com] […] tendon reflexes, and Babinski signs.[neuropathology-web.org] Physical, speech and occupational therapy may help improve posture, prevent joint immobility, slow muscle weakness and atrophy, and cope with swallowing difficulties.[health24.com]

  • Progressive Muscular Atrophy

    It causes weakness and stiffness in the arms and legs, a slowed walk, and poor coordination and balance. Speech also becomes slow and slurred.[webmd.com] […] tendon reflexes, and Babinski signs.[neuropathology-web.org] Speech may become slowed and slurred.[web.archive.org]

  • Juvenile Primary Lateral Sclerosis

    Symptoms muscle weakness (leg, arms and tongue) spasticity ( hypertonia ) balance problems slow movements depression slurred speech stiffness hyperreflexia ( Babinski s sign[wikilectures.eu] […] tendon reflexes, and Babinski signs.[neuropathology-web.org] Rehabilitation therapy may include physical, occupational and speech therapy. Slowing disease progression Two drugs are currently approved by the U.S.[medicalnewstoday.com]

  • Autosomal Recessive Lower Motor Neuron Disease with Childhood Onset

    .  More common in older females: 50% with bulbarpresentation Bulbar onset in 20% to 30% of all ALS cases Features Dysarthria Speech rate: Slow Voice quality: Reduced[slideshare.net] […] tendon reflexes, and Babinski signs.[neuropathology-web.org] Later on, bulbar involvement ensues causing dysphagia, drooling of saliva, dysphonia, tongue atrophy with fasciculations, spastic dysarthria ('hot potato speech') or aspiration[neuroweb.us]

  • Worster-Drought Syndrome

    , and has a slow but near normal swallow pattern.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] brainstem reflexes (eg, jaw jerk), the dissociation of automatic and volitional movements of the bulbar muscles with preservation of automatic movements, and the absence[medlink.com] Child is slow to start talking or has speech difficulties.[neuroradiologycases.com]

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