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14 Possible Causes for Hyperactive Brainstem Reflexes, Spastic Paralysis, Tongue Muscle Weakness

  • Pseudobulbar Palsy

    […] neurons; characterized by speech and swallowing difficulties, emotional instability, and spasmodic, mirthless laughter. pseudobulbar palsy Pseudobulbar paralysis, spastic[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Synonym: supranuclear palsy Muscles affected: (1) jaw (2) tongue (3) soft palate (4) pharynx (5) larynx (6) face Clinical findings in affected muscles: (1) spasticity (2)[meducator3.net] brainstem reflexes (eg, jaw jerk), the dissociation of automatic and volitional movements of the bulbar muscles with preservation of automatic movements, and the absence[medlink.com]

  • Progressive Bulbar Palsy

    Synonym(s): spastic diplegia ; spastic paraplegia Erb-Duchenne paralysis - Synonym(s): Erb palsy[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Clinical manifestations include dysarthria, dysphagia, facial weakness, tongue weakness, and fasciculations of the tongue and facial muscles.[icd9data.com] Pseudobulbar palsy is a clinical syndrome of dysarthria, dysphagia, a hyperactive gag reflex and labile emotional responses.[radiopaedia.org]

  • Upper Motor Neuron Disease

    There are also rare progressive, autosomal recessive upper motor neuron degenerations (Infantile –Onset Ascending Hereditary Spastic Paralysis, Juvenile Primary Lateral Sclerosis[neuropathology-web.org] Symptoms include pharyngeal muscle weakness (muscles that are involved in swallowing), weak facial muscles, progressive loss of speech, and tongue muscle atrophy.[advancedpsy.com] Signs: Upper Motor Neuron Lesion findings Muscle group weakness (not complete paralysis) Minimal muscle atrophy "Clasp-knife" spasticity Initial resistance to motion is strongest[fpnotebook.com]

  • Juvenile Primary Lateral Sclerosis

    Differential diagnosis Differential diagnoses include the allelic disorders juvenile amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and infantile-onset ascending hereditary spastic paralysis[orpha.net] […] tendon reflexes, and Babinski signs.[neuropathology-web.org] Affiliated tissues include brain , spinal cord and tongue , and related phenotypes are muscle weakness and hyperreflexia Genetics Home Reference : 25 Juvenile primary lateral[malacards.org]

  • Autosomal Recessive Lower Motor Neuron Disease with Childhood Onset

    Infantile-onset ascending hereditary spastic paralysis (IAHSP) is characterized by the following features [ Lesca et al 2003 ]: Onset of spasticity with increased reflexes[cmm.ucsd.edu] […] tendon reflexes, and Babinski signs.[neuropathology-web.org] […] cramps when performing physical activities Muscle twitches and weakness of limb muscles As the condition progresses: Weakness of the face and tongue muscles which may cause[thehumanthebody.com]

  • Progressive Muscular Atrophy

    In this latter class spastic paralysis precedes the wasting, and Charcot has applied the designation Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis to such cases.[chestofbooks.com] Slight weakness in the facial muscles and fasciculation of the tongue appeared at age 60. At age 61, she died of sudden respiratory arrest.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] tendon reflexes, and Babinski signs.[neuropathology-web.org]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Type 5

    Differential diagnosis Differential diagnoses include juvenile primary lateral sclerosis and, to a lesser extent, infantile-onset ascending hereditary spastic paralysis (see[orpha.net] […] tendon reflexes, and Babinski signs.[neuropathology-web.org] ALS5 is characterized by slowly progressive muscle weakness starting in the distal limbs and spreading to the tongue and bulbar muscles.[symptoma.com]

  • Spinal and Bulbar Muscular Atrophy

    There are also rare progressive, autosomal recessive upper motor neuron degenerations (Infantile –Onset Ascending Hereditary Spastic Paralysis, Juvenile Primary Lateral Sclerosis[neuropathology-web.org] These early symptoms include: · Weakness/cramps in arm and leg muscles (proximal distal) · Face, mouth, and tongue muscle weakness · Difficulty with speaking and swallowing[rarediseases.org] We then analyzed the relationship between tongue pressure, functional scales, and the muscle weakness of other regions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Type 4

    Infantile-onset ascending spastic paralysis (IAHSP) [MIM:607225]: Characterized by progressive spasticity and weakness of limbs. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:12145748}.[genecards.org] The primary symptom of lower motor neuron disease is weakness. The weakness usually begins in one hand, one foot, or the tongue.[memory.ucsf.edu] […] tendon reflexes, and Babinski signs.[neuropathology-web.org]

  • Motor Neuron Disease

    There are also rare progressive, autosomal recessive upper motor neuron degenerations (Infantile –Onset Ascending Hereditary Spastic Paralysis, Juvenile Primary Lateral Sclerosis[neuropathology-web.org] We report a 13-year-old Hispanic boy with rapidly progressive weakness, muscle atrophy, tremor, and tongue fasciculation, along with upper motor neuron findings of hyperactive[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] movement of the facial muscles and tongue; and weak palatal movement.[merckmanuals.com]

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