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329 Possible Causes for Hyperactive Deep Tendon Reflexes, Hyperkalemia, Hyponatremia, Potassium Decreased

  • Diabetes Mellitus

    It presents with asymptomatic hyperkalemia along with hyperchloraemic metabolic acidosis without significant renal function impairment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In this T1D case with CKD, severe hyperglycemia in conjunction with other metabolic insults, such as uremia, hyponatremia, and hypocalcemia, probably provoked his seizure[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Insulin therapy, correction of acidosis, and volume expansion decrease serum potassium concentration.[doi.org] When GFR falls below 20 mL/min, hyperkalemia and metabolic acidosis develop.[openanesthesia.org]

    Missing: Hyperactive Deep Tendon Reflexes
  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    He presented in hyperglycemic, hyperosmolar, hyperketotic state with hyperkalemia, and peaked T waves on electrocardiogram.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Halperin reports holding a patent on the use of sodium-linked glucose transporter 2 inhibitors to increase the excretion of water in patients with hyponatremia (US 8,518,895[nejm.org] , which is essential to good health - vomiting and treatment for diabetic ketoacidosis can cause a decrease in potassium levels (hypokalemia) Common triggers The three most[your.md] Hyperkalemia, however, masks the underlying whole-body potassium deficiency that occurs in DKA.[acutecaretesting.org]

    Missing: Hyperactive Deep Tendon Reflexes
  • Electrolyte Imbalance

    Further endocrine evaluation suggested selective hyperreninemic hypoaldosteronism as a cause of hyperkalemia. KEYWORDS: Hyperkalemia; Hypernatremia; Myotonic Dystrophy[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Causes of Hyponatremia Hyponatremia is caused by conditions such as water retention and renal failure that result in a low sodium level in the blood.[healthcommunities.com] deep tendon reflexes.[memorize.com] A seriously abnormal increase in potassium ( hyperkalemia ) or decrease in potassium ( hypokalemia ) can profoundly affect the nervous system and increases the chance of irregular[medicinenet.com]

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    Hyperkalemia was common despite a low potassium intake and correction of acidosis. Total body potassium was high at 55 mEq/kg body weight.[annals.org] It is associated with increased renin activity, hyponatremia, hyperkalemia and volume depletion.[netscut.templaro.com] Levels of potassium are usually decreased in proximal RTA although they can be normal.[medfriendly.com] Non-SIG Acidosis (Drip or IV Fluid) SIG Acidosis (As an IV Fluid) Increased ICP (Drip) Hyperkalemia (As an IV Fluid) Hyponatremia (Drip) ICP NaBicarb can be used as a substitute[emcrit.org]

    Missing: Hyperactive Deep Tendon Reflexes
  • Heat Exhaustion

    Electrolyte levels should be measured to exclude severe hyponatremia in patients who have had excessive free water intake, particularly if they develop findings of brain dysfunction[merckmanuals.com] Clinically significant hyponatremia often results from voluntary overhydration and can be dangerous. 20 Clinical manifestations of hyponatremia include nonspecific symptoms[aafp.org] Hyponatremia in distance runners: Fluid and sodium balance during exercise. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2002;1:197–207. 22.[aafp.org] Hyponatremia in distance runners: Fluid and sodium balance during exercise. Curr Sports Med Rep . 2002;1:197–207. 22.[aafp.org]

    Missing: Hyperactive Deep Tendon Reflexes
  • Electrolytes Abnormal

    Hyperkalemia Pφ Severe hyperkalemia is a life-threatening emergency, requiring immediate treatment.[musculoskeletalkey.com] Learn more here HyponatremiaHyponatremia is defined as a serum sodium concentration 135 mEq/L.[clinicalgate.com] deep tendon reflexes, dysrhythmias, mood changes, confusion, reduced motility with anorexia, nausea, constipation and distention.[quizlet.com] A seriously abnormal increase in potassium ( hyperkalemia ) or decrease in potassium ( hypokalemia ) can profoundly affect the nervous system and increases the chance of irregular[medicinenet.com]

  • Hyponatremia

    The laboratory findings showed severe hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, and renal dysfunction. The patient started inotropic support and antibiotics.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] hyponatremia because the type of hyponatremia dictates the approach to therapy.[doi.org] Swollen brain cells react to hyponatremic conditions by decreasing their volume over approximately 48 h by the extrusion of potassium, sodium, chloride, and organic osmolytes[doi.org] We focused on hyponatremia, hypernatremia, hypokalemia, hyperkalemia, and hypomagnesemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Hyperactive Deep Tendon Reflexes
  • Proximal Renal Tubular Acidosis

    Hemodialysis For patients with moderate hyperkalemia not associated with EKG changes it is often sufficient to discontinue drugs promoting hyperkalemia. what physiologic factors[quizlet.com] It is associated with increased renin activity, hyponatremia, hyperkalemia and volume depletion.[netscut.templaro.com] This, in turn, causes inadequate secretion of protons and potassium, with decreased trapping and excretion of ammonium and decreased excretion of potassium.[emedicine.medscape.com] Acetozolamide, Ifosfamide Lead, cadmium, copper Type IV RTA – Hyporeninemic Hypoaldosteronism - Causes: diabetes mellitus, HIV and tubulo-interstitial disease - Present with hyperkalemia[usmleforum.com]

    Missing: Hyperactive Deep Tendon Reflexes
  • Hypokalemia

    Abstract Hypokalemia and hyperkalemia are common electrolyte disorders caused by changes in potassium intake, altered excretion, or transcellular shifts.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] KEYWORDS: Acute renal failure; hypokalemia; hyponatremia; metabolic acidosis; villous adenoma[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] New data make clear that feedforward homeostatic responses activate when decreased potassium intake is sensed, even when plasma potassium concentration is still within the[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Celiac crisis is rare but well known complication of celiac disease presenting with various systemic and metabolic manifestations like hypokalemia, hyponatremia, shock and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Hyperactive Deep Tendon Reflexes
  • Acute Kidney Failure

    Her hyperkalemia and kidney failure resolved after the surgery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Treatment of hyponatremia is generally free-water restriction. In patients with severe AKI and more profound hyponatremia, renal replacement therapy may be necessary.[renalandurologynews.com] […] and/or diarrhea Rapid onset of numbness or tingling, especially around the hands and feet Sudden onset of edema to the feet and/or hands Rapid onset of hypertension Rapid decrease[ems1.com] During this time, measures are taken to prevent the decreased kidney function from causing serious problems.[merckmanuals.com]

    Missing: Hyperactive Deep Tendon Reflexes

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