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11 Possible Causes for Hyperactive Deep Tendon Reflexes, Hyperkalemia, Potassium Decreased

  • Thyrotoxic Periodic Paralysis

    tendon reflexes Usually absent or depressed Usually absent or depressed Absent or depressed Normal and often hyperactive Severe respiratory muscle weakness Very rare Rare[intechopen.com] Found to have decreased potassium of 2.7 mmol/L and a decreased thyroid stimulating hormone level of 0.81.[hsrc.himmelfarb.gwu.edu] Rebound hyperkalemia greater than 5.5 mmol/L occurred in 40% patients receiving KCl.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Electrolyte Imbalance

    deep tendon reflexes.[memorize.com] A seriously abnormal increase in potassium ( hyperkalemia ) or decrease in potassium ( hypokalemia ) can profoundly affect the nervous system and increases the chance of irregular[medicinenet.com] Further endocrine evaluation suggested selective hyperreninemic hypoaldosteronism as a cause of hyperkalemia. KEYWORDS: Hyperkalemia; Hypernatremia; Myotonic Dystrophy[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypomagnesemia

    ‘Marked hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, and hyperkalemia may also contribute.’ ‘Symptomatic hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia can be treated with replacement therapy.’[en.oxforddictionaries.com] These observations, coupled with the fact that both digitalis and magnesium deficiency lead to a decrease in intracellular potassium, suggested that hypomagnesemia might contribute[annals.org] deep tendon reflexes Chvostek's and Trousseau's signs Nystagmus Ataxia Cardiac arrhythmia Diagnostic Test Results-Laboratory Serum magnesium level is less than 1.5 mEq/L.[quizlet.com]

  • Electrolytes Abnormal

    deep tendon reflexes, dysrhythmias, mood changes, confusion, reduced motility with anorexia, nausea, constipation and distention.[quizlet.com] A seriously abnormal increase in potassium ( hyperkalemia ) or decrease in potassium ( hypokalemia ) can profoundly affect the nervous system and increases the chance of irregular[medicinenet.com] Hyperkalemia Pφ Severe hyperkalemia is a life-threatening emergency, requiring immediate treatment.[musculoskeletalkey.com]

  • Hypocalcemia

    Teach client to increase K in diet to prevent recurrence Treatment of Alterations in Potassium Levels Hyperkalemia - High Potassium Levels Causes of High Potassium Levels[web.archive.org] Manifestations include hyperactive deep tendon reflexes, chvostek's sign, muscle and abdominal cramps, and carpopedal spasm.[icd9data.com] Manifestations include hyperactive deep tendon reflexes, Chvostek's sign, muscle and abdominal cramps, and carpopedal spasm.[fpnotebook.com]

  • Low Chloride

    deep tendon reflexes - Tetany - Slow, shallow respirations - Seizures - Dysrhythmias - Coma - S/s of acid-base imbalances: hyponatremia, hypokalemia & metabolic alkalosis[quizlet.com] Signs and symptoms of both hyperkalemia and hypokalemia result from prolonged suppression of normal cardiac and nerve impulse conduction.[nursingcenter.com] Potassium depletion decreases aldosterone release by the adrenal cortex.[anaesthesiamcq.com]

  • Hypermagnesemia

    Signs and symptoms include muscle tremors and weakness, athetoid movements (continuous, slow, involuntary twisting/writhing movements), ataxia, and hyperactive deep tendon[nursingcenter.com] Other causes can include, but are not limited to: Addison Disease Autoimmune Chelation Therapy for metal exposure Decreased excretion of potassium from the body Eating disorders[nutritionbeast.com] Hyperkalemia and hypocalcemia are usually concurrent findings.[symptoma.com]

  • Cerebral Edema

    Rarer symptoms include brisk deep tendon reflexes, retinal hemorrhages, blurred vision, extension plantar reflexes, and ocular paralysis.[en.wikipedia.org] The amount of edema is greatest in the white matter (increased water and sodium in the extracellular spaces, decreased potassium); but the same changes may take place in grey[brainavm.uhnres.utoronto.ca] In particular, the risk for acute renal failure, rebound CE, pulmonary edema, hyperkalemia, transient hypotension, and anaphylaxis must be considered, but kept in perspective[care.diabetesjournals.org]

  • Lithium Toxicity

    deep tendon reflexes, polyarthralgia Skin: dry thin hair, alopecia, diminished or absent skin sensations, chronic folliculitis, eczema with dry skin, new onset or exacerbation[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Rhabdomyolysis can also lead to acute tubular necrosis and kidney failure, which will exacerbate developing hyperkalemia by decreasing renal potassium clearance.[foamcast.org] Pathophysiology Lithium, the lightest alkali metal (others include sodium and potassium), has no known physiologic role in the body.[calpoison.org]

  • Acid-Base Imbalance

    The signs and symptoms are numbness, tingling of fingers, toes, and circumoral region, positive Trousseau’s sign and Chvostek’s sign, seizures, hyperactive deep tendon reflexes[nurseslabs.com] Therefore, potassium moves out to make room for hydrogen ions and the serum potassium level increases. Why does the serum potassium level decrease in alkalosis?[quizlet.com] deep tendon reflexes. tetany of muscle groups.[flashcardmachine.com]

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