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17 Possible Causes for Hyperactive Deep Tendon Reflexes, Hypokalemia, Potassium Decreased

  • Hypomagnesemia

    Hypokalemia events were related to malnutrition (odds ratio, 2.79; 95% confidence interval, 1.09-7.14; P .045).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] deep tendon reflexes Chvostek's and Trousseau's signs Nystagmus Ataxia Cardiac arrhythmia Diagnostic Test Results-Laboratory Serum magnesium level is less than 1.5 mEq/L.[quizlet.com] A lack of magnesium inhibits reuptake of potassium, causing a decrease in intracellular potassium. This decrease in intracellular potassium results in a tachycardia .[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Hypokalemia

    External links [ edit ] MayoClinic.com: Low potassium (hypokalemia) MedicineNet.com: Low Potassium (Hypokalemia) eMedicineHealth.com: Low Potassium (Hypokalemia) Content of[en.wikipedia.org] On the first post-operative day, her physical exam reveals hyperactive deep tendon reflexes. Which of the following electrolyte abnormalities is most likely present?[step2.medbullets.com] […] relative decrease in extracellular potassium level.[prezi.com]

  • Hepatic Encephalopathy

    […] helpful to use as a framework to think about precipitants: - Increased ammonia production/absorption: - Excess dietary protein - GI bleed (protein load) - Electrolytes (hypokalemia[errolozdalga.com] Hyperactive deep tendon reflexes are common; seizures and hallucinations and transient decerebrate posturing may also be seen occasionally.[clevelandclinicmeded.com] […] in potassium after vomiting or taking diuretics Several tests are used to diagnose hepatic encephalopathy.[healthline.com]

  • Electrolyte Imbalance

    Here, we present a case of a heart donor with severe electrolyte imbalance, specifically severe hypokalemia, and severe hypernatremia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] deep tendon reflexes.[memorize.com] A seriously abnormal increase in potassium ( hyperkalemia ) or decrease in potassium ( hypokalemia ) can profoundly affect the nervous system and increases the chance of irregular[medicinenet.com]

  • Hypermagnesemia

    We present a 44-year-old white man referred for hypokalemia. Clinical evaluation was unremarkable.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Signs and symptoms include muscle tremors and weakness, athetoid movements (continuous, slow, involuntary twisting/writhing movements), ataxia, and hyperactive deep tendon[nursingcenter.com] Other causes can include, but are not limited to: Addison Disease Autoimmune Chelation Therapy for metal exposure Decreased excretion of potassium from the body Eating disorders[nutritionbeast.com]

  • Thyrotoxic Periodic Paralysis

    We report the rare case of a 43-year-old African-American man with thyrotoxic periodic paralysis associated with hypokalemia and hypophosphatemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] tendon reflexes Usually absent or depressed Usually absent or depressed Absent or depressed Normal and often hyperactive Severe respiratory muscle weakness Very rare Rare[intechopen.com] Studies suggest that restoration of potassium levels leads to resolution of paralysis, with potassium decreasing the time to resolution from 13 hours to six hours. 5 However[westjem.com]

  • Hypocalcemia

    The patient improved with cessation of drugs and appropriate management of hypocalcemia and hypokalemia with calcium, vitamin D, magnesium, and potassium replacement.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Manifestations include hyperactive deep tendon reflexes, Chvostek's sign, muscle and abdominal cramps, and carpopedal spasm.[fpnotebook.com] D or 0.25-0.5mg 1,25-hydroxyvitamin D Low magnesium: makes it difficult to normalize calcium and potassium levels and should be corrected in every patient Treatment: 2g magnesium[icppharm.com]

  • Electrolytes Abnormal

    Hyperkalemia Several concepts in hypokalemia are relevant to hyperkalemia.[the-hospitalist.org] deep tendon reflexes, dysrhythmias, mood changes, confusion, reduced motility with anorexia, nausea, constipation and distention.[quizlet.com] A seriously abnormal increase in potassium ( hyperkalemia ) or decrease in potassium ( hypokalemia ) can profoundly affect the nervous system and increases the chance of irregular[medicinenet.com]

  • Acid-Base Imbalance

    Explain why hypokalemia can lead to metabolic alkalosis. In hypokalemia, the kidneys retain more potassiums and excrete more hydrogen ions, which results in alkalosis.[quizlet.com] The signs and symptoms are numbness, tingling of fingers, toes, and circumoral region, positive Trousseau’s sign and Chvostek’s sign, seizures, hyperactive deep tendon reflexes[nurseslabs.com] […] a complete or partial collapse of a lung or lobe of a lung Type of acid-base imbalance caused by Guillain-Barre syndrome Type of acid-base imbalance caused by hypokalemia[quizlet.com]

  • Lithium Toxicity

    Because of its similarity to potassium, the use of sodium polystyrene sulfonate has been proposed as a method of eliminating lithium. [8] However, hypokalemia has been reported[emedicine.medscape.com] deep tendon reflex, extrapyramidal symptoms including acute dystonia , cogwheel rigidity, blackout spells, epileptiform seizures, slurred speech, dizziness, vertigo , downbeat[rxlist.com] Rhabdomyolysis can also lead to acute tubular necrosis and kidney failure, which will exacerbate developing hyperkalemia by decreasing renal potassium clearance.[foamcast.org]

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