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51 Possible Causes for Hyperactivity, Involuntary Tongue Protrusion

  • Orofacial Dyskinesia

    We report a case of orofacial dyskinesia in a 6-year-old female with attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder who received a low dose of methylphenidate.[] […] pouting of the lips, and tongue protrusions.[] Psycosis o Dysfunction of the mesolimbic system caused by too much dopamine in the brain according to the dopaminergic hyperactivity theory o Medications for the treatment[]

  • Bruxism

    BACKGROUND: The prevalence of both bruxism and attention deficit hyperactivity (ADHD) has increased in recent years.[] Involuntary jaw opening. Lateral movements of the jaw. Protrusion of the tongue. Present during the day. Disappears during deep sleep.[] Methylphenidate (MPH) is a stimulant that is commonly used in the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and adults.[]

  • Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome

    There is substantial evidence to support the hypothesis that dysregulated sympathetic nervous system hyperactivity is responsible for most, if not all, features of neuroleptic[] John’s wort, ginseng Extrapyramidal Symptoms Acute Dystonia – involuntary motor tics or muscle spasms classically including torticollis, tongue or lip protrusion, or oculogyric[] Autonomic hyperactivity: Autonomic activity is increased, tending to cause tachycardia, arrhythmias, tachypnea, and labile hypertension.[]

  • Hemifacial Spasm

    In our study, we could not conclude which factor had more influence on this hyperactivity.[] Other involuntary movements can occur with hemifacial spasm such as forceful opening of the jaw, retraction of the lips, or protrusion of the tongue.[] Abstract Primary hemifacial spasm is a hyperactive cranial nerve syndrome.[]

  • Oromandibular Dystonia

    The term “orofacial motor disorder” (OMD) encompasses a spectrum of movement aberrations, both hyperactive and hypoactive, which involves the muscles of the orofacial complex[] She stopped wearing her lower dentures due to involuntary tongue protrusion and her inability to close her mouth.[] She had slightly hyperactive deep tendon reflexes on the left side and her gait was ataxic. Her psychiatric examination was normal.[]

  • Meige Syndrome

    These results suggest that hyperactivities of the central dopaminergic and noradrenergic neurones are involved in the pathophysiology of Meige syndrome.[] Typical symptoms include involuntary blinking (blepharospasms), chin thrusting, tongue protrusion, squinting, light sensitivity and muddled speech.[] The hypothesis suggesting dopaminergic and cholinergic hyperactivity is most widely accepted.[]

  • X-linked Parkinsonism-Spasticity Syndrome

    […] resting-state functional connectivity analysis with 20 patients with mild to moderate AD, which were correlated with their scores on neuropsychiatric inventory syndromes (apathy, hyperactivity[] , involuntary vocalizations, dysarthria and involuntary tongue- and lip-biting.[] Although the fragile X syndrome of cognitive impairment, learning disability, autism, hyperactivity, elongated facies, large ears, macroorchidism, and low muscle tone occurs[]

  • Chorea

    We describe a 7-year-old girl in this family who presented with involuntary movements and hyperactivity.[] Tardive dyskinesia is an involuntary, choreic movement disorder that typically affects the mouth and tongue causing random and stereotyped tongue protrusion and facial grimacing[] Attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder, affective disorders, tic disorders, executive function disturbances, and psychotic features were also reported as comorbidities.[]

  • Late-onset Depression

    Anxiety disorders also often co-occur with other disorders such as depression, eating disorders, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).[] Symptoms Tardive dyskinesia causes repetitive, involuntary, and purposeless movements and tics often in the face such as: Worm-like tongue movements Lip smacking Chewing or[] Dysthymia in children may sometimes be related to anxiety disorders, learning disorders, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), conduct disorder, and mental retardation[]

  • Juvenile Huntington Disease

    The authors describe the case of an 8-year-old boy, otherwise healthy, who presented with symptoms consistent with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and was[] Food, when placed within the mouth, appears to trigger involuntary jaw opening and tongue protrusion.4,25 This behavior contributes to mutilation of the tongue and places[] He complained about both inattention and hyperactivities in class when studying in school.[]

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