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51 Possible Causes for Hyperactivity, Involuntary Tongue Protrusion

  • Orofacial Dyskinesia

    We report a case of orofacial dyskinesia in a 6-year-old female with attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder who received a low dose of methylphenidate.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] pouting of the lips, and tongue protrusions.[en.wikipedia.org] Psycosis o Dysfunction of the mesolimbic system caused by too much dopamine in the brain according to the dopaminergic hyperactivity theory o Medications for the treatment[slideshare.net]

  • Bruxism

    BACKGROUND: The prevalence of both bruxism and attention deficit hyperactivity (ADHD) has increased in recent years.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Involuntary jaw opening. Lateral movements of the jaw. Protrusion of the tongue. Present during the day. Disappears during deep sleep.[pocketdentistry.com] Methylphenidate (MPH) is a stimulant that is commonly used in the treatment of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder in children and adults.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Neuroleptic Malignant Syndrome

    There is substantial evidence to support the hypothesis that dysregulated sympathetic nervous system hyperactivity is responsible for most, if not all, features of neuroleptic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] John’s wort, ginseng Extrapyramidal Symptoms Acute Dystonia – involuntary motor tics or muscle spasms classically including torticollis, tongue or lip protrusion, or oculogyric[foamcast.org] Autonomic hyperactivity: Autonomic activity is increased, tending to cause tachycardia, arrhythmias, tachypnea, and labile hypertension.[msdmanuals.com]

  • Hemifacial Spasm

    In our study, we could not conclude which factor had more influence on this hyperactivity.[bmcneurol.biomedcentral.com] Other involuntary movements can occur with hemifacial spasm such as forceful opening of the jaw, retraction of the lips, or protrusion of the tongue.[aanem.org] Abstract Primary hemifacial spasm is a hyperactive cranial nerve syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Oromandibular Dystonia

    The term “orofacial motor disorder” (OMD) encompasses a spectrum of movement aberrations, both hyperactive and hypoactive, which involves the muscles of the orofacial complex[pocketdentistry.com] She stopped wearing her lower dentures due to involuntary tongue protrusion and her inability to close her mouth.[dx.doi.org] She had slightly hyperactive deep tendon reflexes on the left side and her gait was ataxic. Her psychiatric examination was normal.[tremorjournal.org]

  • Meige Syndrome

    These results suggest that hyperactivities of the central dopaminergic and noradrenergic neurones are involved in the pathophysiology of Meige syndrome.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Typical symptoms include involuntary blinking (blepharospasms), chin thrusting, tongue protrusion, squinting, light sensitivity and muddled speech.[movementdisorders.ufhealth.org] The hypothesis suggesting dopaminergic and cholinergic hyperactivity is most widely accepted.[industrialpsychiatry.org]

  • X-linked Parkinsonism-Spasticity Syndrome

    […] resting-state functional connectivity analysis with 20 patients with mild to moderate AD, which were correlated with their scores on neuropsychiatric inventory syndromes (apathy, hyperactivity[practicalneurology.com] , involuntary vocalizations, dysarthria and involuntary tongue- and lip-biting.[ojrd.biomedcentral.com] Although the fragile X syndrome of cognitive impairment, learning disability, autism, hyperactivity, elongated facies, large ears, macroorchidism, and low muscle tone occurs[neurology.org]

  • Chorea

    We describe a 7-year-old girl in this family who presented with involuntary movements and hyperactivity.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Tardive dyskinesia is an involuntary, choreic movement disorder that typically affects the mouth and tongue causing random and stereotyped tongue protrusion and facial grimacing[pmj.bmj.com] Attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder, affective disorders, tic disorders, executive function disturbances, and psychotic features were also reported as comorbidities.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Late-onset Depression

    Anxiety disorders also often co-occur with other disorders such as depression, eating disorders, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).[adaa.org] Symptoms Tardive dyskinesia causes repetitive, involuntary, and purposeless movements and tics often in the face such as: Worm-like tongue movements Lip smacking Chewing or[verywellmind.com] Dysthymia in children may sometimes be related to anxiety disorders, learning disorders, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), conduct disorder, and mental retardation[allaboutdepression.com]

  • Juvenile Huntington Disease

    The authors describe the case of an 8-year-old boy, otherwise healthy, who presented with symptoms consistent with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and was[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Food, when placed within the mouth, appears to trigger involuntary jaw opening and tongue protrusion.4,25 This behavior contributes to mutilation of the tongue and places[movementdisorders.org] He complained about both inattention and hyperactivities in class when studying in school.[bmcneurol.biomedcentral.com]

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