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145 Possible Causes for Hypercalcemia, Prolactin Increased

  • Bronchogenic Carcinoma

    Hypercalcemia of malignancy is the most common cause of hypercalcemia in hospitalized patients.[] For instance, Hypercalcemia is more common with squamous cell carcinoma due to ectopic secretion of the parathyroid hormone related peptide (PTHrP).[] Humoral hypercalcemia, caused by tumor production of parathyroid-hormone-related protein, is the most common type of hypercalcemia of malignancy .[]

  • Renal Cell Carcinoma

    Google Scholar 7 : A parathyroid hormone-related protein implicated in malignant hypercalcemia: cloning and expression . Science 1987 ; 237 : 893.[] Hypercalcemia, 3. Hypertension, 4. Hepatic dysfunction, 5. Feminization or masculinization, 6. Cushing syndrome, 7. Eosinophilia, 8. Leukemoid reactions, and 9.[] Hypercalcemia (a high blood calcium) is also common and may require treatment.[]

  • Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

    The third patient developed grade 4 hypercalcemia due to RPD on day 3.[] Hypercalcemia, hypertension and thromboembolism may contribute to mRCC-related morbidity and may thus require additional, symptomatic therapy.[] Paraneoplastic syndromes Around 25% of RCC patients will develop a paraneoplastic syndrome 19-21 : hypercalcemia (20%) hypertension (20%) polycythemia : from erythropoietin[]

  • Endocrine Dysfunction

    We describe three patients who illustrate that a wide range of endocrine dysfunction (hypoadrenalism, hypercalcemia, hypothyroidism, diabetes insipidus and hypogonadism) may[] Baseline endocrine studies (serum triglycerides: 2600 mg/dl) demonstrated hyperprolactinemia (serum prolactin 51 ng/ml), increased ACTH levels, absence of suppression of ACTH[] Abstract Monoclonal gammopathies (MG) are classically associated with lytic bone lesions, hypercalcemia, anemia, and renal insufficiency.[]

  • Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Type 1

    Hypercalcemia and elevated PTHrP improved markedly with hepatic artery chemoembolization of liver metastasis.[] Increases in the following hormones may cause these symptoms: Prolactin: increased production of milk by the breast, amenorrhea in women, reduced testosterone levels in men[] […] was slightly increased at 433 mU/L (reference range, 50 to 300).[]

  • Small Cell Carcinoma of the Lung

    When intravenous saline failed to control hypercalcemia, octreotide acetate was given.[] CONCLUSION: Acute pancreatitis due to hypercalcemia of advanced small cell carcinoma of the lung is an extremely rare condition.[] Hypercalcemia greater than 2.9 mmol/L, unresponsive to standard therapy (e.g., I.V. hydration, diuretics, calctonin and/or bisphosphate therapy).[]

  • Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia

    CASE REPORT: Here we report the case of a 51-year-old male patient with a metastatic MEN-1-associated pancreatic NET and hypercalcemia related to primary hyperparathyroidism[] Increases in the following hormones may cause these symptoms: Prolactin: increased production of milk by the breast, amenorrhea in women, reduced testosterone levels in men[] Prolactinomas manifestin 60 percent of MEN 1 cases and the increased prolactin secretion results in: The over-production of milk even in non-pregnancy (galactorrhoea).[]

  • Granulomatous Giant-Cell Hypophysitis

    […] diabetes, lipid disorders, obesity management, osteoporosis, and more, as well as essential treatment updates for the medical management of acromegaly, Cushing's Disease, hypercalcemia[] Hormonal measurements showed normal levels but a slight increase of prolactin.[]

  • Myxedema

    […] etiology Infection MI Hypoglycemia Cold environment Hypoxia / hypercapnia Hyponatremia Trauma Drug(s) CHF GI bleed Stroke Recent surgery Burns Medication non-compliance PE DKA Hypercalcemia[] […] kinase, Hematocrit, Glucose and Prolactin are also measured.[] Hypercalcemia is rare, but hypocalcemia can occur in thyroidectomized patients in whom the parathyroids have been removed.[]

  • Calcitriol

    The magnitude of hypercalcemia is the key consideration in determining the need for immediate and aggressive therapy.[] Additional effects on the production of calcitriol include an increase by prolactin, a hormone which stimulates lactogenesis (the formation of milk in mammary glands), a process[] Prolactin has been reported to induce a 2- to 3-fold increase in the rate of casein mRNA transcripton and a 17- to 25-fold increase in the half life of casein mRNA ( 52 ).[]

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