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464 Possible Causes for Hypercalcemia, Refractory Anemia

  • Malignant Neoplasm

    Angiomatous meningioma is a rare and distinct meningioma variant characterised with predominance of microvascularcomponent.There are few reported cases in literature with limited information on ophthalmic manifestations and radiological findings. There is no consistent feature reported so far of this neoplasm to aid[…][]

  • Multiple Myeloma

    Spontaneous respiration and gastrointestinal function were restored after the correction of hypercalcemia.[] The patient in our case study suffered refractory anemia following surgery and 2 cycles of chemotherapy.[] We report the case of a 25-year-old man with femoral Streptococcus pneumoniae pyomyositis as well as hypercalcemia, mild anemia, and elevated inflammatory markers; he subsequently[]

  • Bone Metastasis

    Multivariate analysis revealed that 2 extra-bone metastatic organs, hypercalcemia, and pathologic fractures were independent poor prognostic factors (p 0.001, 0.001, and 0.033[] He had a history of myelodysplastic syndrome and refractory anemia with ringed sideroblasts diagnosed 5 years earlier.[] […] skills, knowledge of treatments including medication, surgery, and radiation therapy, and recognition of serious complications such as fracture, spinal cord compression, and hypercalcemia[]

  • Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

    BACKGROUND Hypercalcemia associated with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is an ominous sign.[] anemia with excess blasts in transformation [RAEB T] Type 1 Excludes acute exacerbation of chronic myeloid leukemia ( C92.10 ) refractory anemia with excess of blasts not[] MGUS was diagnosed because of absence of anemia, hypercalcemia, lytic bone lesions, or renal failure.[]

  • Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

    The third patient developed grade 4 hypercalcemia due to RPD on day 3.[] Hypercalcemia, hypertension and thromboembolism may contribute to mRCC-related morbidity and may thus require additional, symptomatic therapy.[] […] pampiniform plexus of veins draining the testis (more often the left testis) [9] hypertension (high blood pressure) resulting from secretion of renin by the tumour; [11] hypercalcemia[]

  • Hodgkin's Disease

    This increase in blood calcium, or hypercalcemia, causes subtle signs that are important for both Hodgkin's survivors and their families to recognize.[] But lethargy and sadness can be mistaken for depression, and confusion can be written off as forgetfulness or distraction, when these are additional signs of hypercalcemia[] Abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, constipation, frequent urination, muscle weakness or aches are symptoms listed by as easy-to-spot signs of hypercalcemia[]

  • Pancytopenia

    .  Pancytopenia Back pain Hypercalcemia (multiple myeloma)  Pancytopenia Malar rash or GN SLE  pancytopenia HSM Leukemia 11.[] […] and some refractory anemia patients.[] Cytogenetics reportedly demonstrated t(3;21)(q26;q22) and del(7), consistent with a diagnosis of myelodysplastic syndrome (refractory anemia with excess blasts-1).[]

  • Renal Cell Carcinoma

    Hypercalcemia, 3. Hypertension, 4. Hepatic dysfunction, 5. Feminization or masculinization, 6. Cushing syndrome, 7. Eosinophilia, 8. Leukemoid reactions, and 9.[] In refractory patients, this scheme has been modified.[] Hypercalcemia (a high blood calcium) is also common and may require treatment.[]

  • Plasma Cell Leukemia

    Patient also had azotemia, hypercalcemia, and hyperuricemia. The patient was started on chemotherapy along with supportive care.[] anemia Refractory cytopenia with multilineage dysplasia Refractory anemia with ringed sideroblasts Refractory anemia with excess blasts Refractory anemia with excess blasts[] Compared with multiple myeloma, pPCL presents more often with extramedullary involvement, anemia, thrombocytopenia, hypercalcemia, elevated serum β(2)-microglobulin and lactate[]

  • Myeloid Metaplasia

    Hypercalcemia has been reported only rarely with acute myelogenous leukemia.[] Cy-A may be effective for patients with severe refractory anemia in this disease.[] Thalidomide produces transfusion independence in patients with long-standing refractory anemias of patients with myelodysplastic syndromes. Blood 98 ( 4 ):958–965.[]

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