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267 Possible Causes for Hypercapnia, Hyperkalemia, Hypoxia

  • Acidosis

    CONCLUSION: Patients receiving midazolam had a more than doubled risk of respiratory depression as mirrored by hypercapnia and acidosis, but not hypoxemia.[] When combining hypoxia and acidosis, the overall changes reflect an additive effect of both conditions alone, indicating that hypoxia and acidosis act by independent mechanisms[] She responded to thiazide diuretics and her BP is well controlled, and acidosis and hyperkalemia are corrected.[]

  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    Hypercapnia and hypoxemia persisted despite ventilator support even at traumatic levels.[] Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a syndrome of noncardiogenic pulmonary edema and hypoxia that accompanies up to 30% of deaths in pediatric intensive care units[] It is characterized by the acute onset of diffuse, bilateral pulmonary infiltrates secondary to noncardiogenic pulmonary edema, refractory hypoxia, and decreased lung compliance[]

  • Status Epilepticus

    Systemic changes requiring medical intervention include hypoxia, hypercapnia, hypoglycemia, metabolic acidosis, and other electrolyte disturbances.[] In children, it is often infection, whereas in adults, the major causes are stroke, hypoxia, metabolic derangements, and alcohol intoxication or drug withdrawal.[] Caution is required, however, because ongoing status epilepticus may cause hyperkalemia after 20-30 minutes.[]

  • Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    Central (umbilical) or peripheral arterial blood should be analyzed and may show hypoxemia, hypercapnia and respiratory (caused by alveolar atelectasis) and metabolic (due[] Disruption of the β subunit of the epithelial Na   channel in mice: hyperkalemia and neonatal death associated with a pseudohypoaldosteronism phenotype.[] […] deficiency : little or no reduction of alveolar surface tension reduced pulmonary unfolding atelectasis decreased lung compliance and functional residual capacity hypoxemia and hypercapnia[]

  • Accidental Hypothermia

    Electrolyte abnormalities such as hyperkalemia and hypocalcemia that may worsen when patients are rewarmed contribute to the risk of arrhythmias.[] Although suspected primary hypoxia and hypothermia were associated with lower survival, we observed a 10.5% survival of these victims.[] […] the remarkable salvageability of patients suffering prolonged cardiac arrest caused by accidental hypothermia, particularly in the absence of asphyxia, trauma, or severe hyperkalemia[]

  • Respiratory Acidosis

    Many patients with chronic hypercapnia and respiratory acidosis are also hypoxemic.[] CNS; HA, drowsy, restless, tremor, cofusion, disorientation - COMA (cerebral vasodilation, increased bloodflow to brain) & death -increased HR, lack of energy, weakness -hyperkalemia[] In the newborn heart, respiratory acidosis during hypoxia had no beneficial effects on recovery of mechanical function, tissue ATP and CK release.[]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    These SRDB cause arousals, hypoxemia-reoxygenation, hypercapnia-hypocapnia, and changes in intrathoracic pressure.[] As well, the infant from the high altitude area showed better adaptability to hypoxia.[] However, the patient's renal function and hyperkalemia worsened, and the blood eosinophil count increased without signs of dehydration or hypotension.[]

  • Metabolic Acidosis

    The development of normocapnia or hypercapnia when a severe metabolic acidosis is present often signals respiratory muscle fatigue, impending respiratory failure, and the[] […] severe hypoxia, severe anaemia, shock, haemorrhage, hypotension, CCF Type B - no evident tissue hypoxia Diabetes, liver failure, seizures, leukaemia, tumours, thiamine deficiency[] She responded to thiazide diuretics and her BP is well controlled, and acidosis and hyperkalemia are corrected.[]

  • Respiratory Muscle Paralysis

    […] disease-specific patterns of respiratory muscle impairment in different NMD and COPD establish which set of tests is predictive of sleep-disordered breathing or daytime hypercapnia[] Bjertnaes LJ (1977) Hypoxia induced vasoconstriction in isolated perfused lungs exposed to injectable or inhalational anaeshtetics.[] Hyperkalemia (SEE BOX WARNING .)[]

  • Hypercapnia

    Hypercapnia is defined as carbon dioxide levels more than 45mmHg.[] Whilst, overall, cerebral perfusion increased with hypercapnia and hypoxia, hypoxia cerebrovascular reactivity maps showed very high variation both within and between individuals[] We report a case in which low-dose dantrolene administered intravenously during LTx was effective in treating hyperthermia, hypercapnia, and hyperkalemia.[]

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