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101 Possible Causes for Hypercapnia, Hypokalemia, Pulmonary Embolism

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    In most cases, it is a result of diuretic therapy, which causes activation of the renin-angiotensin system, chloride depletion, increased distal sodium delivery, hypokalemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Respiratory muscle fatigue may be diagnosed by a decrease in respiratory rate, associated with hypercapnia and confused state of mind.[doi.org] Embolism and Deep Venous Thrombosis More...[medicalcriteria.com]

  • Asthma

    Other complications to consider include theophylline toxicity, lactic acidosis, electrolyte disturbances (hypokalemia, hypophosphatemia, hypomagnesemia), myopathy and ultimately[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] embolism and aortic dissection that can present with similar findings.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] However, some data on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma or pulmonary embolism are available.[erj.ersjournals.com]

  • Cushing's Disease

    The course of the disease was fatal, the patient died due to severe hypokalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CN cranial nerve; DVT deep venous thrombosis; PE pulmonary embolism.[doi.org] Ectopic ACTH secretion was initially suspected on the basis of very high cortisoluria and ACTH concentrations, severe hypokalemia, a lung hypermetabolic lesion and a normal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Metabolic Alkalosis

    Hypokalemia seen with heat stress is secondary to sweat as well as renal potassium wasting.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Chloride-wasting Diarrhea Villous adenoma of colon Renal Causes Diuretic use ( Urine Chloride 10 meq/L) Poorly reabsorbable anion Carbenicillin Penicillin Sulfate Phsophate Post-Hypercapnia[fpnotebook.com] Conditions commonly associated with respiratory alkalosis include pain, hypoxia, fever, high environmental temperature, poisoning, early pulmonary edema, pulmonary embolism[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Cardiac Arrest

    The debate in the literature is ongoing, but at the present time, SB administration is only recommended for cardiac arrest related to hypokalemia or overdose of tricyclic[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hyperoxia, hypocapnia and hypercapnia as outcome factors after cardiac arrest in children.[doi.org] We present a case of a male patient who was in prolonged cardiac arrest following massive pulmonary embolism.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    Further, tolvaptan administration tended to normalize serum sodium concentrations in patients with baseline hyponatremia and was not associated with hypokalemia.[jama.jamanetwork.com] […] pre-existing lung disease (but even in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), give high oxygen flow initially but monitor with blood gases to ensure hypercapnia[patient.info] […] in several forms: a) Postobstructive pulmonary edema. b) Pulmonary edema with chronic pulmonary embolism. c) Pulmonary edema with veno-occlusive. d) Stage 1 near drowning[ron.proz.com]

  • Cystic Fibrosis

    […] mean 324 pg/ml) and metabolic alkalosis (pH 7.5-7.6, mean 7.56) in all the patients, and in four of them high blood level of aldosterone (74-560 pg/ml, mean 295.9 pg/ml), hypokalemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] death only when their Pa(CO2) was or 50 mm Hg (HR, 7.0; 95% CI, 1.5-32), while the increased risk of death with FEV1 or 30% was not further influenced by the presence of hypercapnia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Spinal artery embolization and pulmonary infarction are commonly cited procedural risks, yet respiratory failure and death are underappreciated.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Fluctuating Level of Consciousness

    […] anticonvulsants, dopinergic agents, steroids, insulin, glyburide, NSAIDs lithium digoxin Organ failure shock congestive heart failure hepatic failure azotemia hypothyroidism hypoxia, hypercapnia[sharinginhealth.com] Are there pulmonary findings that indicate pneumonia (sepsis) or pulmonary edema (hypoxia)? Are there bruits over the carotid arteries?[cdemcurriculum.com] Other causes of delirium include: infection fever head trauma epilepsy brain hemorrhage or infarction brain tumor low blood oxygen (hypoxemia) high blood carbon dioxide (hypercapnia[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Respiratory Alkalosis

    Low Ca leading to tetany, hypokalemia, ketosis and ketonuria, kidney damage leading to nitrogen retention. 8.[biologydiscussion.com] KEYWORDS: Healthy volunteers; Hypercapnia; Hypocapnia; Microcirculation; Venous–arterial difference in CO2[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Pulmonary Causes (act via intrapulmonary receptors) Pulmonary Embolism Pneumonia Asthma Pulmonary oedema (all types) 4.[anaesthesiamcq.com]

  • Respiratory Acidosis

    Despite aggressive potassium supplementation, hypokalemia continued to worsen over the next several hours (K( ) of 1.7 mEq/L).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Moderate hypercapnia had no effect on these parameters.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] embolism).[ime.acponline.org]

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