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101 Possible Causes for Hypercapnia, Hypokalemia, Pulmonary Embolism

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    In most cases, it is a result of diuretic therapy, which causes activation of the renin-angiotensin system, chloride depletion, increased distal sodium delivery, hypokalemia[] Respiratory muscle fatigue may be diagnosed by a decrease in respiratory rate, associated with hypercapnia and confused state of mind.[] Embolism and Deep Venous Thrombosis More...[]

  • Asthma

    Other complications to consider include theophylline toxicity, lactic acidosis, electrolyte disturbances (hypokalemia, hypophosphatemia, hypomagnesemia), myopathy and ultimately[] embolism and aortic dissection that can present with similar findings.[] However, some data on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), asthma or pulmonary embolism are available.[]

  • Cushing's Disease

    The course of the disease was fatal, the patient died due to severe hypokalemia.[] CN cranial nerve; DVT deep venous thrombosis; PE pulmonary embolism.[] Ectopic ACTH secretion was initially suspected on the basis of very high cortisoluria and ACTH concentrations, severe hypokalemia, a lung hypermetabolic lesion and a normal[]

  • Metabolic Alkalosis

    Hypokalemia seen with heat stress is secondary to sweat as well as renal potassium wasting.[] Chloride-wasting Diarrhea Villous adenoma of colon Renal Causes Diuretic use ( Urine Chloride 10 meq/L) Poorly reabsorbable anion Carbenicillin Penicillin Sulfate Phsophate Post-Hypercapnia[] Conditions commonly associated with respiratory alkalosis include pain, hypoxia, fever, high environmental temperature, poisoning, early pulmonary edema, pulmonary embolism[]

  • Cardiac Arrest

    The debate in the literature is ongoing, but at the present time, SB administration is only recommended for cardiac arrest related to hypokalemia or overdose of tricyclic[] Hyperoxia, hypocapnia and hypercapnia as outcome factors after cardiac arrest in children.[] We present a case of a male patient who was in prolonged cardiac arrest following massive pulmonary embolism.[]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    Further, tolvaptan administration tended to normalize serum sodium concentrations in patients with baseline hyponatremia and was not associated with hypokalemia.[] […] pre-existing lung disease (but even in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), give high oxygen flow initially but monitor with blood gases to ensure hypercapnia[] […] in several forms: a) Postobstructive pulmonary edema. b) Pulmonary edema with chronic pulmonary embolism. c) Pulmonary edema with veno-occlusive. d) Stage 1 near drowning[]

  • Cystic Fibrosis

    […] mean 324 pg/ml) and metabolic alkalosis (pH 7.5-7.6, mean 7.56) in all the patients, and in four of them high blood level of aldosterone (74-560 pg/ml, mean 295.9 pg/ml), hypokalemia[] […] death only when their Pa(CO2) was or 50 mm Hg (HR, 7.0; 95% CI, 1.5-32), while the increased risk of death with FEV1 or 30% was not further influenced by the presence of hypercapnia[] Spinal artery embolization and pulmonary infarction are commonly cited procedural risks, yet respiratory failure and death are underappreciated.[]

  • Fluctuating Level of Consciousness

    […] anticonvulsants, dopinergic agents, steroids, insulin, glyburide, NSAIDs lithium digoxin Organ failure shock congestive heart failure hepatic failure azotemia hypothyroidism hypoxia, hypercapnia[] Are there pulmonary findings that indicate pneumonia (sepsis) or pulmonary edema (hypoxia)? Are there bruits over the carotid arteries?[] Other causes of delirium include: infection fever head trauma epilepsy brain hemorrhage or infarction brain tumor low blood oxygen (hypoxemia) high blood carbon dioxide (hypercapnia[]

  • Respiratory Alkalosis

    Low Ca leading to tetany, hypokalemia, ketosis and ketonuria, kidney damage leading to nitrogen retention. 8.[] KEYWORDS: Healthy volunteers; Hypercapnia; Hypocapnia; Microcirculation; Venous–arterial difference in CO2[] Pulmonary Causes (act via intrapulmonary receptors) Pulmonary Embolism Pneumonia Asthma Pulmonary oedema (all types) 4.[]

  • Respiratory Acidosis

    Despite aggressive potassium supplementation, hypokalemia continued to worsen over the next several hours (K( ) of 1.7 mEq/L).[] Moderate hypercapnia had no effect on these parameters.[] embolism).[]

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