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193 Possible Causes for Hypercapnia, Hyponatremia, Respiratory Acidosis

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    These SRDB cause arousals, hypoxemia-reoxygenation, hypercapnia-hypocapnia, and changes in intrathoracic pressure.[] We describe the use of conivaptan in a 4-month-old infant girl with severe hypervolemic hyponatremia and heart failure.[] Respiratory muscle fatigue may be diagnosed by a decrease in respiratory rate, associated with hypercapnia and confused state of mind.[]

  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    Hypercapnia and hypoxemia persisted despite ventilator support even at traumatic levels.[] However, lowering Vts may result in respiratory acidosis.[] High ventilatory pressures were needed because of hypoxia and severe hypercapnia with respiratory acidosis, resulting in right ventricular dysfunction with impaired haemodynamic[]

  • Cystic Fibrosis

    […] death only when their Pa(CO2) was or 50 mm Hg (HR, 7.0; 95% CI, 1.5-32), while the increased risk of death with FEV1 or 30% was not further influenced by the presence of hypercapnia[] Laboratory analysis on admission showed hyponatremia (115-133 mmol/L, mean 122.4 mmol/L), high plasma renin activity (229-500 pg/ml, mean 324 pg/ml) and metabolic alkalosis[] There may be hypoxemia and in advanced stages, respiratory acidosis. Imaging Features of cystic fibrosis can be identified on imaging.[]

  • Myxedema Coma

    Low blood sugar, low blood pressure, hyponatremia, hypercapnia, hypoxia, slowed heart rate, and hypoventilation may also occur.[] Plasma vasopressin levels returned to the normal range after the correction of hyponatremia.[] acidosis, hypercarbia and temporary depression of respiratory center responsiveness.[]

  • Salicylate Poisoning

    The issue with intubation is the inability to keep up with the hyperventilation necessary to avoid hypercapnia and worsening acidosis, both of which can lead to cardiac arrest[] Patients need to maintain their respiratory drive to reverse acidemia, respiratory acidosis: Do not intubate prematurely.[] Other manifestations of salicylate poisoning may include hyperthermia, acute renal failure, rhabdomyolysis, hematemesis, hypokalemia, hyponatremia, hypernatremia, hypocalcemia[]

  • Pulmonary Edema

    […] pre-existing lung disease (but even in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), give high oxygen flow initially but monitor with blood gases to ensure hypercapnia[] The metabolic and respiratory acidosis of acute pulmonary edema. Ann Intern Med 1972 ; 76 : 173 –84. Perel A , Williamson D, Modell J.[] In patients with hyponatremia, serum sodium levels significantly increased.[]

  • Acidosis

    CONCLUSION: Patients receiving midazolam had a more than doubled risk of respiratory depression as mirrored by hypercapnia and acidosis, but not hypoxemia.[] Respiratory acidosis can be acute or chronic.[] […] depletion E86.9 Volume depletion, unspecified E87 Other disorders of fluid, electrolyte and acid-base balance E87.0 Hyperosmolality and hypernatremia E87.1 Hypo-osmolality and hyponatremia[]

  • Hypercapnia

    Hypercapnia is defined as carbon dioxide levels more than 45mmHg.[] As his respiratory acidosis resolved, he regained consciousness quickly and recovered without any neurologic deficits.[] Received: 3 June 2010 Accepted: 20 May 2011 Published: 20 May 2011 Abstract Introduction Common causes of non-traumatic acute cerebral edema include malignant hypertension, hyponatremia[]

  • Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    Central (umbilical) or peripheral arterial blood should be analyzed and may show hypoxemia, hypercapnia and respiratory (caused by alveolar atelectasis) and metabolic (due[] Blood gases show respiratory and metabolic acidosis in addition to hypoxia.[] Furosemide (Lasix) may cause weight loss and hyponatremia, and it is contraindicated despite the excess pulmonary fluid present in newborns with TTN. 31 Fluid restriction[]

  • Guillain-Barré Syndrome

    Sleep hypercapnia and hypoxia, which worsens during sleep can be the result of a restrictive pulmonary function.[] They include: 28 [13] Respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation Coma Ballismus Cardiomyopathy from dysautonomia [38] Lactic acidosis Recurrence Prognosis Generally[] CONCLUSIONS: Hyponatremia is prevalent in GBS and is detrimental to patient-centered outcomes and health care costs.[]

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