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38 Possible Causes for Hypercapnia, Immunodeficiency Is Progressive, Severe Hypoxemia

  • Anemia

    […] from HIV infection to autoimmune immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), with a correlation between CD4 T-lymphocyte counts and Hb levels. 7,16 The causes of anemia in HIV/AIDS[] […] virus (HIV)–infected patients can have serious implications, which vary from functional and quality-of-life decrements to an association with disease progression and decreased[] […] antiretroviral therapy (HAART). 7 Anemia still occurs at high rates when HIV therapy regimens include zidovudine (AZT). 7 The incidence of anemia increases with disease progression[]

  • Pneumonia

    Cannula may have a mortality benefit in pure hypoxic respiratory failure when compared with NiPPV and should be your first choice for those patients with pneumonia but without hypercapnia[] She was emergently admitted to our hospital due to the worsening exertional dyspnea and severe hypoxemia.[] Common symptoms of PCP include progressive shortness of breath, nonproductive cough, and low‐grade fever.[]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    It is important to close a patent foramen before LVAD support because significant right-to-left shunting may occur postoperatively, leading to severe hypoxemia under certain[] These SRDB cause arousals, hypoxemia-reoxygenation, hypercapnia-hypocapnia, and changes in intrathoracic pressure.[] […] virus (HIV)–associated cardiomyopathy generally progresses to death within 100 days of diagnosis in patients who are not treated with antiretroviral drugs.[]

  • Interstitial Lung Disease

    Sleep-disordered Breathing • For patients with sleep-disordered breathing complicated by severe nocturnal hypoxemia who cannot tolerate positive airway pressure therapy or[] A 61-year-old woman presented with longstanding cough and progressive dyspnoea.[] Hemodynamic instability in the setting of an ILD exacerbation results from progressive hypercapnia and subsequent hypoxia with cardiovascular collapse .[]

  • Central Sleep Apnea

    ; after therapy, hypoxic responsiveness was restored and the ventilatory response to hypercapnia doubled.[] Apneic episodes are associated with hypoxemia, hypercapnia, and neurohumoral activation resulting in a rise in pulmonary vascular resistance.[] […] cardiac failure and recurrent infections secondary to the associated combined immunodeficiency. 1 Sleep abnormalities in Vici syndrome remain to be elucidated.[]

  • Guillain-Barré Syndrome

    Patients with severe dysphagia may require nasogastric or feeding tubes.[] Sleep hypercapnia and hypoxia, which worsens during sleep can be the result of a restrictive pulmonary function.[] […] infection, sarcoid meningitis, or other diseases. 7, 11 View/Print Table TABLE 2 Diagnostic Criteria for Typical Guillain-Barré Syndrome Features required for diagnosis Progressive[]

  • Pneumocystis Carinii Pneumonia

    In addition, for the studies in patients with hypoxemia, we also focused on mortality due to severe hypoxemia (PaO 2 mmHg) in non-HIV cases of PJP.[] In non-AIDS patients with other immunodeficiency, PCP is a more rapidly progressive disease with more prominent radiological findings and wheeze.[] The patient presented with diffuse alveolar haemorrhage, pauci-immune rapid progressive glomerulonephritis and leukocytoclastic vasculitis of the skin.[]

  • Hepatopulmonary Syndrome

       50 mm Hg (8/41 with very severe hypoxemia versus 3/49 without severe hypoxemia, P   0.053), and there was a significantly increased risk for patients with anatomic shunting[] At the age of 9, during an examination, hypoxemia was found to be present [Pao 2, 9.4 kPa (70 mm Hg)] without involvement of hypercapnia [Paco 2 between 4 and 5.4 kPa, inclusive[] Clinical progression of hepatitis C virus-related chronic liver disease in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients undergoing highly active antiretroviral therapy.[]

  • Mycoplasma Pneumonia

    Fever and hypoxemia were persistent over a several-week period despite two courses of azithromycin and exclusion of virus, bacteria, and fungal pathogens.[] Three days after onset (clinical day 3), she was admitted to a local general hospital, owing to progressive fever, malaise, and anorexia.[] Her medical history did not reveal any specific illness, including acquired immune deficiency syndrome, collagen disease, and congenital immunodeficiency.[]

  • Acute Bronchitis

    When the FEV1 falls below about 0.8 L, patients are at risk of hypoxemia, hypercapnia, and cor pulmonale.[] These patients need careful periodic monitoring to minimize further lung damage and progression to chronic irreversible lung disease.[] […] the patients whose arterial blood gases were measured within 30 minutes of presentation to hospital, those who received high-concentration oxygen were more likely to have hypercapnia[]

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