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1,094 Possible Causes for Hypercapnia, Severely Disproportionate Short Stature

  • Kyphoscoliosis

    Firstly, we agree with the contributing factors of hypercapnia [ 7 , 8 ].[link.springer.com] short-limb short stature Hydrops fetalis Short palm Enlargement of the proximal femoral epiphysis Decreased cervical spine mobility Osteopenia Sloping forehead Skeletal dysplasia[mendelian.co] Failure of the pump results in alveolar hypoventilation and hypercapnia with parallel hypoxaemia (type II respiratory failure hypercapnic respiratory failure).[portal.lf.upjs.sk]

  • Anemia

    INTRODUCTION Table 1 Etiopathogenic classification of anemia. Regenerative anemia Acute or chronic bleeding Hemolytic anemia Hereditary (hemoglobinopathy, enzymopathy, membrane-cytoskeletal defects) Acquired (autoimmune, mechanical destruction, toxic-metabolic, drugs, infectious, PNH, hypersplenism) Hypo-regenerative[…][dx.doi.org]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature
  • Acidosis

    CONCLUSION: Patients receiving midazolam had a more than doubled risk of respiratory depression as mirrored by hypercapnia and acidosis, but not hypoxemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Many patients with chronic hypercapnia and respiratory acidosis are also hypoxemic.[emedicine.com] In this situation the hypercapnia can also be accompanied by respiratory acidosis. [8] Diagnosis [ edit ] Laboratory values [ edit ] Hypercapnia is generally defined as a[en.wikipedia.org]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature
  • Streptococcal Infection

    Abstract There has been an increasing incidence worldwide of invasive group A streptococcal disease in pregnancy and the puerperal period over the past 30 years. Group A Streptococcus (GAS) was identified as the major cause of maternal morbidity and mortality from sepsis before the identification that hand[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    Before mechanical ventilation, coma could be confirmed to be due to CO2 narcosis caused by exorbitant arterial hypercapnia (PCO2, 193 mm Hg).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] All patients requiring hospitalization for an acute exacerbation should undergo testing to quantify hypoxemia and hypercapnia. Hypercapnia may exist without hypoxemia.[merckmanuals.com] […] oxygen concentration remains a constant independent of minute ventilation, this system is particularly useful in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who have hypercapnia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature
  • Asthma

    Hypercapnia is generally well tolerated as long as PaCO 2 does not exceed 90 mmHg and acute variations in PaCO 2 are avoided.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Death from asthma in mechanically ventilated patients appears to be further decreased after the application of the 'permissive hypercapnia technique'.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Permissive hypercapnia, increase in expiratory time, and promotion of patient-ventilator synchronism are the mainstay in mechanical ventilation of status asthmaticus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature
  • Sleep Apnea

    An arterial blood gas analysis showed hypercapnia. Polysomnography showed a respiratory disturbance index of 108 events/h, and all were central apnea events.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Neural responses to hypoxia and hypercapnia have not been well studied in children with obstructive sleep apnea and underlying syndromes.[emedicine.com] Children with obstructive hypoventilation demonstrate periods of hypercapnia that occur in the absence of discrete respiratory events that fulfill the criteria for apnea or[emedicine.com]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature
  • Pneumonia

    Cannula may have a mortality benefit in pure hypoxic respiratory failure when compared with NiPPV and should be your first choice for those patients with pneumonia but without hypercapnia[emdocs.net] Despite early physiologic improvements, CPAP neither reduced the need for intubation nor improved outcomes in patients with acute hypoxaemia and non‐hypercapnia respiratory[doi.org]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature
  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea

    Six months later, severe hypoxemia without hypercapnia was noted. Contrast transthoracic echocardiography showed right-to-left shunt through a patent foramen ovale.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The respiratory pauses may induce hypercapnia or hypoxia. Cardiac arrhythmias and elevation of systemic and pulmonary arterial pressures may occur.[icd9data.com] Obstruction of the upper airways apnea partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood ( PaO 2 ) , partial pressure of carbon dioxide in arterial blood ( PaCO 2 , also known as hypercapnia[amboss.com]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature
  • Congestive Heart Failure

    These SRDB cause arousals, hypoxemia-reoxygenation, hypercapnia-hypocapnia, and changes in intrathoracic pressure.[web.archive.org] Respiratory muscle fatigue may be diagnosed by a decrease in respiratory rate, associated with hypercapnia and confused state of mind.[doi.org] […] both CSA and OSA, is associated with three immediate adverse biological consequences: A) arterial blood gas abnormalities consisting of repetitive episodes of hypoxemia/hypercapnia[web.archive.org]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature

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