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1,094 Possible Causes for Hypercapnia, Severely Disproportionate Short Stature

  • Kyphoscoliosis

    Firstly, we agree with the contributing factors of hypercapnia [ 7 , 8 ].[] short-limb short stature Hydrops fetalis Short palm Enlargement of the proximal femoral epiphysis Decreased cervical spine mobility Osteopenia Sloping forehead Skeletal dysplasia[] Failure of the pump results in alveolar hypoventilation and hypercapnia with parallel hypoxaemia (type II respiratory failure hypercapnic respiratory failure).[]

  • Anemia

    INTRODUCTION Table 1 Etiopathogenic classification of anemia. Regenerative anemia Acute or chronic bleeding Hemolytic anemia Hereditary (hemoglobinopathy, enzymopathy, membrane-cytoskeletal defects) Acquired (autoimmune, mechanical destruction, toxic-metabolic, drugs, infectious, PNH, hypersplenism) Hypo-regenerative[…][]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature
  • Acidosis

    CONCLUSION: Patients receiving midazolam had a more than doubled risk of respiratory depression as mirrored by hypercapnia and acidosis, but not hypoxemia.[] Many patients with chronic hypercapnia and respiratory acidosis are also hypoxemic.[] In this situation the hypercapnia can also be accompanied by respiratory acidosis. [8] Diagnosis [ edit ] Laboratory values [ edit ] Hypercapnia is generally defined as a[]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature
  • Streptococcal Infection

    Abstract There has been an increasing incidence worldwide of invasive group A streptococcal disease in pregnancy and the puerperal period over the past 30 years. Group A Streptococcus (GAS) was identified as the major cause of maternal morbidity and mortality from sepsis before the identification that hand[…][]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    Before mechanical ventilation, coma could be confirmed to be due to CO2 narcosis caused by exorbitant arterial hypercapnia (PCO2, 193 mm Hg).[] All patients requiring hospitalization for an acute exacerbation should undergo testing to quantify hypoxemia and hypercapnia. Hypercapnia may exist without hypoxemia.[] […] oxygen concentration remains a constant independent of minute ventilation, this system is particularly useful in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who have hypercapnia[]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature
  • Asthma

    Hypercapnia is generally well tolerated as long as PaCO 2 does not exceed 90 mmHg and acute variations in PaCO 2 are avoided.[] Death from asthma in mechanically ventilated patients appears to be further decreased after the application of the 'permissive hypercapnia technique'.[] Permissive hypercapnia, increase in expiratory time, and promotion of patient-ventilator synchronism are the mainstay in mechanical ventilation of status asthmaticus.[]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature
  • Sleep Apnea

    An arterial blood gas analysis showed hypercapnia. Polysomnography showed a respiratory disturbance index of 108 events/h, and all were central apnea events.[] Neural responses to hypoxia and hypercapnia have not been well studied in children with obstructive sleep apnea and underlying syndromes.[] Children with obstructive hypoventilation demonstrate periods of hypercapnia that occur in the absence of discrete respiratory events that fulfill the criteria for apnea or[]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature
  • Pneumonia

    Cannula may have a mortality benefit in pure hypoxic respiratory failure when compared with NiPPV and should be your first choice for those patients with pneumonia but without hypercapnia[] Despite early physiologic improvements, CPAP neither reduced the need for intubation nor improved outcomes in patients with acute hypoxaemia and non‐hypercapnia respiratory[]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature
  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea

    Six months later, severe hypoxemia without hypercapnia was noted. Contrast transthoracic echocardiography showed right-to-left shunt through a patent foramen ovale.[] The respiratory pauses may induce hypercapnia or hypoxia. Cardiac arrhythmias and elevation of systemic and pulmonary arterial pressures may occur.[] Obstruction of the upper airways apnea partial pressure of oxygen in arterial blood ( PaO 2 ) , partial pressure of carbon dioxide in arterial blood ( PaCO 2 , also known as hypercapnia[]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature
  • Congestive Heart Failure

    These SRDB cause arousals, hypoxemia-reoxygenation, hypercapnia-hypocapnia, and changes in intrathoracic pressure.[] Respiratory muscle fatigue may be diagnosed by a decrease in respiratory rate, associated with hypercapnia and confused state of mind.[] […] both CSA and OSA, is associated with three immediate adverse biological consequences: A) arterial blood gas abnormalities consisting of repetitive episodes of hypoxemia/hypercapnia[]

    Missing: Severely Disproportionate Short Stature

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