Create issue ticket

399 Possible Causes for Hypercapnia, Tachypnea

  • Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    On arrival to the emergency department (ED) the patient was noted to be febrile with tachycardia, tachypnea, and hypoxia and was intubated for respiratory failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] PEEP will be titrated individually against peripheral oxygen saturation, targeting lower tidal volumes by a permissive approach to hypercapnia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The symptoms usually appear shortly after birth and may include tachypnea, tachycardia, chest wall retractions (recession), expiratory grunting, nasal flaring and cyanosis[orpha.net]

  • Malignant Hyperthermia

    The following tachycardia, hypercapnia and hyperthermia led to the diagnosis of malignant hyperthermia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Many features of a typical malignant hyperthermia episode were present, including tachydysrhythmia, tachypnea, and fever in association with metabolic acidosis, hyperCKemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We present four recently referred cases to illustrate this point: one late-onset case, two patients with slowly progressive hypercapnia as the sole sign and a fourth patient[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Smoke Inhalation Injury

    In most cases, mucosal edema and irritation eventually result in stridor, hoarseness, dyspnea, hypoxia, and tachypnea, whereas accompanying burns on the face and surrounding[symptoma.com] Severe hypercapnia tended to be more frequent during HFOV among patients with smoke inhalation.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Clinical Manifestations of Hydrogen Cyanide Poisoning Early signs include anxiety, confusion, headache, hypertension, dyspnea, and tachypnea.[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Asphyxia

    Symptoms include cyanosis, nasal flaring, tachypnea and crackles on exam. Treatment includes oxygen supplementation, ventilation and addressing cardiac dysfunction (11).[pedclerk.bsd.uchicago.edu] Twenty-four newborn pigs in two intervention groups were exposed to 8% oxygen and hypercapnia, until base excess fell to -20 mmol/l or the mean arterial blood pressure declined[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] international guidelines on newborn resuscitation in 2010, recommending the use of normal air instead of 100% oxygen. [16] [17] See also [ edit ] Asphyxiant gas Erotic asphyxiation Hypercapnia[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Metabolic Acidosis

    During the initial examination by the physician at our hospital, the patient presented with tachypnea, a precordinal burning sensation, nausea and metabolic acidosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Post-hypocapnia In prolonged hypercapnia renal tubular cells compensate for a prolonged respiratory alkalosis by decreasing reclaimation and generation of HCO 3 (which takes[nimbot.com] Tachypnea and hyperventilation worsened during the ensuing 12 h. Blood gas analysis showed severe metabolic acidosis resulting in hypocapnia and a normal pH ( table 1 ).[anesthesiology.pubs.asahq.org]

  • Status Epilepticus

    Systemic changes requiring medical intervention include hypoxia, hypercapnia, hypoglycemia, metabolic acidosis, and other electrolyte disturbances.[aafp.org] Patients in alcohol will have abnormal vital signs including tachycardia, hypertension, hyperthermia and tachypnea. This is predominantly a clinical diagnosis.[cdemcurriculum.com] […] address life threats Manage airway with recovery position, airway adjuncts and intubation if required Optimise oxygenation and provide ventilatory support as needed (prone to hypercapnia[lifeinthefastlane.com]

  • Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome

    Central (umbilical) or peripheral arterial blood should be analyzed and may show hypoxemia, hypercapnia and respiratory (caused by alveolar atelectasis) and metabolic (due[symptoma.com] Symptoms manifest shortly after birth and include tachypnea , tachycardia , increased breathing effort, and/or cyanosis .[amboss.com] […] newborns, the reduced distensibility of these small lungs, the increased respiratory effort and the insufficient alveolar oxygenation lead to hypoxia (oxygen decrease), and hypercapnia[anejo.eu]

  • Acidosis

    Tachypnea in physiological response to metabolic acidosis can be an early sign.[calpoison.org] Patients receiving midazolam had a more than doubled risk of respiratory depression as mirrored by hypercapnia and acidosis, but not hypoxemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The development of lactic acidosis depends on the magnitude of hyperlactatemia, the buffering capacity of the body, and the coexistence of other conditions that produce tachypnea[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    Progressive or more serious symptoms may include respiratory distress, tachypnea, cyanosis , use of accessory respiratory muscles, peripheral edema , hyperinflation, chronic[medicinenet.com] Before mechanical ventilation, coma could be confirmed to be due to CO2 narcosis caused by exorbitant arterial hypercapnia (PCO2, 193 mm Hg).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] oxygen concentration remains a constant independent of minute ventilation, this system is particularly useful in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease who have hypercapnia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Salicylate Poisoning

    GI: Nausea Vomiting Epigastric pain Hematemesis Pulmonary: Tachypnea Noncardiogenic pulmonary edema CNS: Tinnitus Deafness Delirium Seizures Coma In suspected overdose settings[5minuteconsult.com] The issue with intubation is the inability to keep up with the hyperventilation necessary to avoid hypercapnia and worsening acidosis, both of which can lead to cardiac arrest[rebelem.com] In general, this should occur regardless of the dose reported (Grade D). 2) The presence of typical symptoms of salicylate toxicity such as hematemesis, tachypnea, hyperpnea[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

Further symptoms

Similar symptoms