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337 Possible Causes for Hypercellular Bone Marrow, Splenomegaly

  • Myeloproliferative Disease

    CML: demonstrates increased production of neutrophils and marked splenomegaly.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The chronic myeloproliferative diseases are characterized by relatively effective hematopoiesis, which results in a hypercellular bone marrow and elevation of one or more[clinlabnavigator.com] Bone marrow histology shows hypercellularity in most of these disorders. In the case of myelofibrosis, bone marrow fibrosis is demonstrated on the reticulin stain.[emedicine.com]

  • Leukemia

    Five features were present in 50% of children: hepatomegaly (64%), splenomegaly (61%), pallor (54%), fever (53%) and bruising (52%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Bone marrow aspirate showed hypercellularity with increased myelopoiesis and markedly suppressed megakaryopoiesis giving an impression of acute myeloid leukemia and was confirmed[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Leukemia is usually associated with anemia, fever, hemorrhagic episodes, and splenomegaly.[icd9data.com]

  • Hereditary Spherocytosis

    Due to the membrane defect, there is increased fragility, hemolytic anemia, marked splenomegaly and hyperbilirubinemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was conducted to evaluate all SILS for splenomegaly performed by a single surgeon.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] PSMA-targeted F-DCFPyL PET/CT was performed, which demonstrated recurrent disease in the prostatectomy bed as well as splenomegaly and mild-diffuse bone marrow activation,[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

    Three of 4 TKI-treated patients did not reach complete hematologic response due to the persistence of thrombocytosis and/or splenomegaly.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] marrow biopsy: Moderately hypercellular bone marrow biopsy with numerous megakaryocytes Increased reticulin fibers (reticulin stain) Marked hypercellularity Myeloblastic[pathologyoutlines.com] One month later, he presented with progressive leukocytosis (mostly neutrophilia) and splenomegaly.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Polycythemia Vera

    […] symptoms in the phase 3 RESPONSE study of patients with polycythemia vera with splenomegaly who experienced an inadequate response to or adverse effects from hydroxyurea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] bone marrow 5.[slideshare.net] […] efficacy and safety of ruxolitinib with the best available therapy (BAT) in hydroxyurea-resistant/hydroxyurea-intolerant polycythemia vera (PV) patients without palpable splenomegaly[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia

    Examination demonstrated scleral icterus, splenomegaly, and anemia. By peripheral blood smear, the patient was diagnosed with Plasmodium ovale.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Subsequently, the patient underwent a bone marrow biopsy that showed a hypercellular marrow with erythroid hyperplasia, but no evidence of dysplasia or lymphoma.[jmedicalcasereports.com] The diagnosis of HLH after SOT is especially difficult, as several of the diagnostic criteria, including fever, splenomegaly, and cytopenias, are nonspecific and can be seen[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chronic Phase of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia

    Those complaints are generally associated with anemia and splenomegaly.[symptoma.com] marrow biopsy: Moderately hypercellular bone marrow biopsy with numerous megakaryocytes Increased reticulin fibers (reticulin stain) Marked hypercellularity Myeloblastic[pathologyoutlines.com] A 55-year-old man presented with splenomegaly (10 cm below left costal margin) and leucocytosis (145 10(9)/L).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Paroxysmal Nocturnal Hemoglobinuria

    PNH is associated with abdominal vein thrombosis, which can cause splenomegaly and hypersplenism.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These patients tend to have a normocellular to hypercellular bone marrow with erythroid hyperplasia, an elevated reticulocyte count, a large population of PNH cells (usually[bloodjournal.hematologylibrary.org] We describe a patient under treatment with the anti-complement antibody eculizumab who developed pancytopenia, requiring blood transfusions, due to massive splenomegaly.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Pernicious Anemia

    Some people with Pernicious Anemia may have an abnormally enlarged liver (hepatomegaly) or spleen (splenomegaly).[rarediseases.org] Hepatomegaly and splenomegaly may be present.[patient.info]

  • Cooley's Anemia

    Splenomegaly, episodes of jaundice and roentgenologic evidence of bone involvement were prominent features.[jamanetwork.com] Hepato-splenomegaly has been contained to a modest level; hyperspienism has not developed.[nature.com] However, hemoglobin (Hb) levels often decrease over time, splenomegaly appears, and progressive iron overload occurs from increased gastrointestinal iron absorption.[news.weill.cornell.edu]

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