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146 Possible Causes for Hyperchloremia, Hypokalemia

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  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    It is known that these patients are more susceptible to hypokalemia than normal individuals.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] In the present study, 173 children (86.5%) had Normochloremia, 25 (12.5%) had Hypochloremia and 2 (1%) had Hyperchloremia.[omicsonline.org] Faint or absent bowel sounds can indicate hypokalemia.[cdc.gov]

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    Subsequently, type 1 RTA due to Sjögren's syndrome was unveiled by sustained hypokalemia (3.3 to 3.4 mEq/L), persistent alkaline urine pH ( 6.0) despite metabolic acidosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Based on clinical findings (delayed growth and O-bein deformity) and laboratory tests (hypokalemia, hyperchloremia, partially compensated metabolic acidosis, alkaline urine[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Features Chronic metabolic acidosis with hyperchloremia and normal anion gap. Urinary pH is usually over 5.5 although acidemia with normal glomerular function.[renaltube.com]

  • Toluene Poisoning

    Hypokalemia ( n 13), hypophosphatemia ( n 10), hyperchloremia ( n 22), and hypobicarbonatemia ( n 23) were common.[annals.org] Symptoms arise due to severe hypokalemia and metabolic acidosis, most prominent being weakness and paralysis, as well as neurological deficits and gastrointestinal irritation[symptoma.com] Reported renal toxicity from toluene exposure includes: renal tubular acidosis (RTA), hypokalemia, hypophosphatemia, hyperchloremia, azotemia, sterile pyuria, hematuria, and[getwellstaywellathome.com]

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    To compare one vs. two bag system with respect to blood glucose variability (BGV), time for resolution of acidosis and incidence of hypoglycemia, hypokalemia, and cerebral[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hyperchloremia at 24 hours had independent association with AKI, although cause-effect relation could not be ascertained.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Persisting metabolic acidosis with resolution of ketonemia should prompt a search for hyperchloremia or other causes of a raised anion gap.[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Distal Renal Tubular Acidosis

    However, under certain conditions, PPIs may cause metabolic acidosis or hypokalemia, probably due to an inhibitory action on the proton pump that contributes to H( ) and K[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Based on clinical findings (delayed growth and O-bein deformity) and laboratory tests (hypokalemia, hyperchloremia, partially compensated metabolic acidosis, alkaline urine[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Features Chronic metabolic acidosis with hyperchloremia and normal anion gap. Urinary pH is usually over 5.5 although acidemia with normal glomerular function.[renaltube.com]

  • Proximal Renal Tubular Acidosis

    Hypokalemia may be associated with it; occasionally leading to features like hypokalemic periodic paralysis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] suggested that this defect represents an exaggeration of the physiological effect of parathormone on bicarbonate reabsorption and may be responsible for the frequent finding of hyperchloremia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Bicarbonate Reabsorption In proximal RTA, proximal tubular bicarbonate absorption is impaired, resulting in renal bicarbonate loss: bicarbonate is replaced by chloride (producing hyperchloremia[mdnxs.com]

  • Acetazolamide

    Contraindications: Hypokalemia. Hyponatremia. Severe renal, hepatic, or adrenocortical impairment. Hyperchloremic acidosis. Cirrhosis.[empr.com] Hyperchloremia and/or metabolic acidosis can result from an increase in plasma chloride concentrations.[hkpp.org] Acid/base imbalance, acidemia, adrenal insufficiency, anuria, dialysis, electrolyte imbalance, hyperchloremia, hypokalemia, hyponatremia, metabolic acidosis, renal disease[pdr.net]

  • Ammonium Chloride

    Systemically toxic levels of ammonium chloride may cause hyperchloremia with hypokalemia and/or metabolic acidosis.[sites.google.com] Frequency Not Defined Metabolic acidosis Rash EEG abnormalities Seizure Mental confusion Drowsiness Injection site reactions Ammonia toxicity symptoms Calcium-deficient tetany Hypokalemia[reference.medscape.com] Systemically toxic levels of ammonium chloride may cause hyperchloremia with hypokalemia and/or metabolic acidosis.[sites.google.com]

  • Furosemide

    Hypokalemia induced by diuretic abuse is a life-threatening emergency.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Furosemide and sodium bicarbonate were effective to control his hyperchloremia, metabolic acidosis and hypertension but partly effective for his hyperkalemia. dDAVP alone[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia increase the risk of dangerous arrhythmias! Hypotensive reactions and syncopes occur.[infomed.ch]

  • Fanconi Syndrome

    In this case, the proximal tubular dysfunction could be secondary to the severe hypokalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Failure to thrive Acidosis Low blood potassium (hypokalemia) High blood chloride (hyperchloremia) Symptoms of the generalized proximal renal tubule dysfunction seen in Fanconi[news-medical.net] […] renal tubular acidosis are: Polyuria , polydipsia and dehydration Hypophosphatemic rickets (in children) and osteomalacia (in adults) Growth failure Acidosis Hypokalemia Hyperchloremia[en.wikipedia.org]

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