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708 Possible Causes for Hyperchloremia, Hypokalemia, Hyponatremia, Metabolic Acidosis

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    Subsequently, type 1 RTA due to Sjögren's syndrome was unveiled by sustained hypokalemia (3.3 to 3.4 mEq/L), persistent alkaline urine pH ( 6.0) despite metabolic acidosis[] It is associated with increased renin activity, hyponatremia, hyperkalemia and volume depletion.[] We diagnosed him with relapse of metabolic acidosis caused by renal tubular acidosis.[] Based on clinical findings (delayed growth and O-bein deformity) and laboratory tests (hypokalemia, hyperchloremia, partially compensated metabolic acidosis, alkaline urine[]

  • Proximal Renal Tubular Acidosis

    Hypokalemia may be associated with it; occasionally leading to features like hypokalemic periodic paralysis.[] It is associated with increased renin activity, hyponatremia, hyperkalemia and volume depletion.[] Thus, NBC1(W516X/W516X) mice with pRTA represent an animal model for metabolic acidosis and may be useful for testing therapeutic inhibition of NMD in vivo.[] […] suggested that this defect represents an exaggeration of the physiological effect of parathormone on bicarbonate reabsorption and may be responsible for the frequent finding of hyperchloremia[]

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    To compare one vs. two bag system with respect to blood glucose variability (BGV), time for resolution of acidosis and incidence of hypoglycemia, hypokalemia, and cerebral[] Halperin reports holding a patent on the use of sodium-linked glucose transporter 2 inhibitors to increase the excretion of water in patients with hyponatremia (US 8,518,895[] Metabolic acidosis in an infant requires a broad differential. Rasburicase should be considered in hyperuricemia and DKA.[] Hyperchloremia at 24 hours had independent association with AKI, although cause-effect relation could not be ascertained.[]

  • Lipidemia

    […] hyperchloraemia , hyperchloremia , hyperglycemia , hyperkalemia , hyperlipaemia , hypernatraemia , hypernatremia , hyperuricemia , hypervolemia , hypochloraemia , hypoglycemia , hypokalemia[] Propofol infusion syndrome is typically marked by high anion gap metabolic acidosis, rhabdomyolysis, hypertriglyceridemia, acute kidney injury, cardiac dysfunction, and increased[] […] hyperchloremia , hyperglycemia , hyperkalemia , hyperlipaemia , hypernatraemia , hypernatremia , hyperuricemia , hypervolemia , hypochloraemia , hypoglycemia , hypokalemia , hyponatremia[] […] cholesteremia , choroideremia , chronic leukemia , citrullinemia , cooley's anemia , dyslipidemia , genus anemia , gonococcemia , hyperammonemia , hypercalcemia , hyperchloraemia , hyperchloremia[]

  • Acetazolamide

    Contraindications: Hypokalemia. Hyponatremia. Severe renal, hepatic, or adrenocortical impairment. Hyperchloremic acidosis. Cirrhosis.[] Acetazolamide improved polydipsia and/or hyponatremia in 4 of the 5 cases.[] Metabolic acidosis caused by acetazolamide usually is mild.[] Hyperchloremia and/or metabolic acidosis can result from an increase in plasma chloride concentrations.[]

  • Isovaleric Acidemia

    Hyponatremia - Acidosis ( Metabolic , Respiratory , Lactic ) - Alkalosis ( Metabolic , Respiratory ) - Mixed disorder of acid-base balance - H 2 O Dehydration / Hypervolemia - K Hypokalemia[] This case emphasizes the importance of maintaining a high index of suspicion for inborn errors of metabolism in patients with metabolic acidosis, even in late childhood.[] The importance of thinking for inborn errors of metabolism in children with metabolic acidosis in late childhood is emphasized.[] Hyperglycemia, ketonemia, ketonuria and metabolic acidosis are the main clinical features of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and these same symptoms can also be seen in acute[]

  • Furosemide

    Hypokalemia induced by diuretic abuse is a life-threatening emergency.[] In patients with previous thiazide-induced hyponatremia, the risk for recurrent hyponatremia after furosemide has not been established.[] A 27-year-old Turkish male presented with fatigue, long lasting hypertension, hyperkalemia, hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis and normal glomerular filtration rate.[] Hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia increase the risk of dangerous arrhythmias! Hypotensive reactions and syncopes occur.[]

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    It is known that these patients are more susceptible to hypokalemia than normal individuals.[] Diluted ORS often lead to Hyponatremia.[] Deep respirations can be indicative of metabolic acidosis. Faint or absent bowel sounds can indicate hypokalemia.[] Group 2: 3 early deaths due to cardiovascular collapse and 1 due to respiratory arrest (severe acidosis and hypoxaemia).[]

  • Fanconi Syndrome

    In this case, the proximal tubular dysfunction could be secondary to the severe hypokalemia.[] In these two cases, hyponatremia was probably due to salt wasting.[] An earlier case of stavudine-associated metabolic acidosis in our setting had a better outcome.[] Failure to thrive Acidosis Low blood potassium (hypokalemia) High blood chloride (hyperchloremia) Symptoms of the generalized proximal renal tubule dysfunction seen in Fanconi[]

  • Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus

    After the cessation of amphotericin B, the hypokalemia and polyuria resolved promptly.[] The patient's symptoms of headache and vomiting corresponded to his hyponatremia and resolved with treatment of his hyponatremia during each hospitalization.[] The child was treated for hypophosphatemic rickets with severe metabolic acidosis and the treatment for NDI was also given.[] Integrative Therapy Quick Links: Related Terms Acquired nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, ADH-resistant diabetes insipidus, arginine vasopressin, AVP, diabetes insipidus renalis, hyperchloremia[]

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