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87 Possible Causes for Hyperintense Lesions in Thalamus, Basal Ganglia and Brain Stem (T2)

  • Multi-Infarct Dementia

    More circumscribed hyperintense lesions are also seen in the basal ganglia , thalamus and pons 3 .[radiopaedia.org] The locations of CMBs were divided into lobar, basal ganglia, thalamus, brain stem and cerebellum.[journals.plos.org] MRI MRI is the investigation of choice, often demonstrating widespread confluent white matter hyperintensities 2 .[radiopaedia.org]

  • Optic Nerve Glioma

    Spongiform changes (hyperintensity on T2-weighted images) in the cerebellum, brain stem, basal ganglia, thalamus, periventricular white matter, and corpus callosum Adult lesions[emedicine.com] Spongiform changes (hyperintensity on T2-weighted images) in the cerebellum, brain stem, basal ganglia, thalamus, periventricular white matter, and corpus callosum Adult lesions[emedicine.com] Usually, the lesions are hypointense to isointense relative to the optic nerve on T1-weighted images and are hyperintense to it on T2-weighted images.[emedicine.com]

  • CADASIL Syndrome

    More circumscribed hyperintense lesions are also seen in the basal ganglia , thalamus and pons 3 .[radiopaedia.org] The locations of CMBs were divided into lobar, basal ganglia, thalamus, brain stem and cerebellum.[journals.plos.org] More circumscribed hyperintense lesions are also seen in the basal ganglia, thalamus and pons 3.[radiopaedia.org]

  • Cerebral Thrombosis

    lesion (T2-weighted image; Fig 1B ) in the mediodorsal portion of the left thalamus.[ajnr.org] […] and T1-weighted spin-echo sequences before and after administration of gadopentetate dimeglumine [Gd-DTPA]) and 2D time-of-flight MR angiography revealed a circumscribed hyperintense[ajnr.org]

    Missing: Basal Ganglia and Brain Stem (T2)
  • Status Epilepticus

    T2WI shows diffuse hyperintense lesions in the left thalamus and cerebral cortex. B.[asnr.org] FLAIR image shows hyperintense lesions in the left hippocampus, thalamus and temporo-fronto-parietal lobes. C,D.[asnr.org] DWI shows these lesions as hyperintense with decreased ADC that represents cytotoxic edema related to excitotoxic injury mediated by neuronal seizure activity. E.[asnr.org]

    Missing: Basal Ganglia and Brain Stem (T2)
  • Brain Stem Infarction

    Patients with brain stem infarction associated with white matter lesion of grades III and IV (12) and lacunar infarction in the basal ganglia were excluded from this study[ajnr.org] Hospital between 1992 and 1997 with the diagnosis of brain stem infarction based on MR imaging findings of areas of low intensity on T1-weighted images and high intensity on T2[ajnr.org]

    Missing: Hyperintense Lesions in Thalamus
  • Waisman Syndrome

    -weighted images, mainly in the frontal regions; a rim of periventricular T2 hypointensity; involvement of the basal ganglia, thalami, and brain stem; and postcontrast enhancement[ajnr.org] […] in 2 months to 7 years. 1 The diagnostic MR imaging features established by van der Knaap et al 2 consisted of extensive white matter (WM) increased signal intensity on T2[ajnr.org]

    Missing: Hyperintense Lesions in Thalamus
  • Cerebral Neoplasm

    These lesions were predominantly located in a peripheral distribution with some involvement of the right basal ganglia structures.[ajnr.org] The left cerebral hemisphere, cerebellum, and brain stem were spared ( Fig 1 ). There were no areas of restricted diffusion. F ig 1. Lymphocytic vasculitis, MR imaging.[ajnr.org] The MR images showed massive vasogenic edema throughout the right cerebral hemisphere with multifocal tumor-like areas of T2-prolongation that avidly enhanced on T1-weighted[ajnr.org]

    Missing: Hyperintense Lesions in Thalamus
  • Intracranial Hemorrhage

    lesions can be seen on non-contrast head CT (just like in other causes of an acute bleed) in typical locations such as basal ganglia (most common) thalamus cerebellum pons[medbullets.com] […] palsy coma how large the hemorrhage is if large, it can result in symptoms of increased intracranial pressure Management involves both medical and surgical interventions Hyperintense[medbullets.com]

    Missing: Basal Ganglia and Brain Stem (T2)
  • Susac Syndrome

    E, Axial T2-weighted MR image shows bilateral hyperintense lesions in the thalamus and posterior arm of the internal capsule.[ajnr.org] Brain MRI revealed multiple hyperintense lesions on the FLAIR and T2-weighted images in the corpus callosum, pons, basal ganglia, thalamus and periventricular area, not typical[njmonline.nl] Repeat MR imaging showed increase in size and number of the hyperintense lesions in the thalamus and cerebellum ( Fig 4C ).[ajnr.org]

    Missing: Basal Ganglia and Brain Stem (T2)

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