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1,348 Possible Causes for Hyperintensities in the Globus Pallidus (T2-Weighted), Pupillary Abnormality, Pyramidal Tract Signs

Did you mean: Hyperintensities in the Globus Pallidus (T2-Weighted, Pupillary Abnormality, Pyramidal Tract Signs

  • Central Pontine Myelinolysis

    In (CPM), the initial signs include dysarthria and dysphagia (secondary to corticobulbar fiber involvement), and flaccid quadriparesis (from pyramidal tract involvement) which[omicsonline.org] […] of Globus Pallidus (broad arrow), suggestive of Extrapontine myelinolysis.[ipfs.io] , oculomotor abnormalities may occur.[doi.org]

  • Hallervorden-Spatz Syndrome

    Table-1: Diagnostic features of Hallervorden spatz disease [11] Obligate Features Collaborate Features Exclusion Features Onset during first two decades Pyramidal tract signs[medresearch.in] This virtually pathognomonic radiographic abnormality, called the eye-of-the-tiger sign, comprises hyperintensities within a hypointense medial globus pallidus on T2-weighted[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Eight patients had sectoral iris paralysis and partial loss of the pupillary ruff consistent with Adie's pupils in both eyes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Intracerebral Hematoma

    abnormalities (present in 30-50%) Papilledema Asymmetric reflexes Babinski sign Aphasia or dysphasia Gait abnormalities Neck stiffness etc.[faculty.washington.edu] TICH group with other traumatic intracranial lesions showed worse initial level of consciousness, more likely to have abnormal pupillary reflex, higher incidence of delayed[jkns.or.kr] Be sure to evaluate the patient’s pupillary light reflexes.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

    Missing: Hyperintensities in the Globus Pallidus (T2-Weighted)
  • Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    Nontraumatic nonaneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a rare condition. Among them, SAH with cerebral steno-occlusive disease is quite rare. Moreover there has been no report of SAH patient who had been diagnosed with steno-occlusive disease since before. We here report 2 cases of nontraumatic[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

    Missing: Hyperintensities in the Globus Pallidus (T2-Weighted)
  • Binswanger Disease

    ., evidence of secondary compression of the brain stem leading to decreasing awareness and coma, progressive pupillary dilation, paralysis of eye movements, abnormal respiratory[dartmouth.edu] The bilateral cerebral white matter and globus pallidus appeared hyperintense on T2-weighted imaging (Figures 5 and 6). 5) Figure 5. CO poisoning(FLAIR image) Figure 6.[plaza.umin.ac.jp] The hippocampus, cerebral white matter, basal ganglion, and other areas appear hyperintense on T2-weighted imaging. CO poisoning: Delayed diffuse demyelination.[plaza.umin.ac.jp]

  • Neurodegeneration with Brain Iron Accumulation

    . • Begins in childhood • Profound dystonia, dysarthria, spasticity and pyramidal tract signs • Pigmentary retinopathy, leading to night blindness and visual field constriction[slideshare.net] Even before the globus pallidus hypointensity developed, patients with mutations could be distinguished by the presence of isolated globus pallidus hyperintensity on T2-weighted[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Eight of 10 patients who had neuro-ophthalmologic exams had sluggish pupillary reactions with sectoral iris paralysis and patchy loss of the pupillary ruff, similar to bilateral[doi.org]

  • Pallidopyramidal Syndrome

    […] of early-onset, progressive parkinsonism with pyramidal tract signs has been known as pallido-pyramidal or parkinsonian-pyramidal syndrome since the first description by[moh-it.pure.elsevier.com] […] of peripheral nerves Abnormal pupillary function Loss of facial expression Diffuse spongiform leukoencephalopathy Progressive forgetfulness Insomnia Trigeminal neuralgia[mendelian.co] Abstract Background: The combination of early-onset, progressive parkinsonism with pyramidal tract signs has been known as pallido-pyramidal or parkinsonian-pyramidal syndrome[n.neurology.org]

    Missing: Hyperintensities in the Globus Pallidus (T2-Weighted)
  • Stroke

    The authors showed that in patients with MCI, pupillary abnormalities and severe brainstem compression may be present despite normal ICP values.[doi.org] Intracranial pressure readings were evaluated and correlated with pupillary abnormalities and with midline shift and ischemic tissue volume evaluated in the CT scan.[doi.org] Cruz J, Minoja G, Okuchi K, Facco E: Successful use of the new high-dose mannitol treatment in patients with Glasgow Coma Scale scores of 3 and bilateral abnormal pupillary[doi.org]

    Missing: Hyperintensities in the Globus Pallidus (T2-Weighted)
  • Brain Stem Infarction

    Abnormal oculomotor signs (eg, nystagmus, lateral gaze abnormalities, diplopia, pupillary changes) Ipsilateral cranial nerve weakness (eg, dysarthria, dysphagia, dysphonia[emedicine.medscape.com] Pupillary abnormalities and oculomotor signs are common, and bulbar manifestations, such as facial weakness, dysphonia, dysarthria, and dysphagia, occur in more than 40% of[emedicine.medscape.com] CN III palsy and pupillary abnormalities, including small pupils with decreased light reactivity (diencephalic), large/mid-position and fixed pupils (midbrain), and ectopic[emedicine.medscape.com]

    Missing: Hyperintensities in the Globus Pallidus (T2-Weighted)
  • Wernicke Encephalopathy

    […] in the globus pallidus.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Less frequently noted manifestations are: pupillary abnormalities such as sluggishly reactive pupils, ptosis, scotomata, and anisocoria.[emedicine.medscape.com] abnormalities such as sluggishly reactive pupils, ptosis, scotomata, and anisocoria OTHER SYMPTOMS Vestibular dysfunction Hypotension.[rnpedia.com]

    Missing: Pyramidal Tract Signs