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38 Possible Causes for Hyperintensities in the Globus Pallidus (T2-Weighted), Seizure

Did you mean: Hyperintensities in the Globus Pallidus (T2-Weighted, Seizure

  • Binswanger Disease

    The bilateral cerebral white matter and globus pallidus appeared hyperintense on T2-weighted imaging (Figures 5 and 6). 5) Figure 5. CO poisoning(FLAIR image) Figure 6.[] Abnormal electrical disturbances in the brain may cause seizures. Binswanger's symptoms may be elusive in both appearance and degree.[] Clinton suffers from “Dementia, Seizures and Black-outs.” In fact, the Doctor made note that Clinton’s conditions are “considerably worse” than in 2013.[]

  • Alpers Syndrome

    The right parietal cortex appears normal in the T2-weighted images.[] Herein we present a case of a 17-year-old male with a progressive 8-month course of severe headaches, multiple stroke-like episodes with visual deficits, and seizures that[] Children present with seizures in half of the cases. Seizures may be focal, generalized or myoclonic.[]

  • Fucosidosis

    Figure 2: Magnetic resonance imaging brain T2-weighted axial image showing hypointensity of globus pallidus bilaterally and the subcortical hyperintensity (a), T1-weighted[] Fucosidosis is a rare autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease with the main clinical findings of progressive neuromotor deterioration, seizures, coarse facial features[] […] progressive mental and motor deterioration, coarse facies, growth retardation, recurrent infections, dysostosis multiplex, angiokeratoma corporis diffusum, visceromegaly and seizures[]

  • Alexander Disease

    In addition, there are symmetrical hyperintensity signals in the posterior part of the globus pallidus on T2-weighted images in the two symptomatic patients, which are rarely[] Alexander disease is a leukoencephalopathy that usually presents during infancy with developmental delay, macrocephaly and seizures.[] The patient initially presented at 9 months of age, with profound mental retardation and a history of seizures.[]

  • Wilson Disease

    On T1W images, these lesions are normal to hypointense but hyperintense lesions especially in globus pallidus may also be seen [ 2 ].[] His WD was in a state of remission when he developed the seizure disorder. On endoscopic cyst fenestration, he was relieved of the seizure.[] Patients with epileptic seizures were provided with seizure control medication (levetiracetam). Tremor did not need treatment.[]

  • Creutzfeldt Jakob Disease

    Extrapontine myelinolysis manifests predominantly as areas of bilateral FLAIR /T2-weighted imaging hyperintensity in the globus pallidus, putamen, and thalamus, which are[] Seizures are known to occur in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD).[] Seizure as the first symptom of CJD is a very rare finding.[]

  • Bilirubin Encephalopathy

    In the appropriate clinical context, bilateral globus pallidus T2-weighted and FLAIR signal hyperintensity is supportive of a diagnosis of kernicterus in an infant.[] Symptoms of kernicterus include loss of the startle reflex, poor feeding, decreased movement, and seizures.[] Bulging on the infant’s “soft spot” (fontanel) As Kernicterus reaches the most severe stage, symptoms may include: Hearing loss (high-frequency) An increase in seizures Muscle[]

  • Cyanide Exposure

    […] recovery images in the region of the striatum and the globus pallidus.[] It also can immediately affect the brain and cause a seizure or coma.[] […] signs and symptoms of cyanide poisoning include 1 : Symptoms Signs Headache Confusion Dyspnea Chest tightness Nausea Altered mental status (eg, confusion, disorientation) Seizures[]

  • 2-Hydroxyglutaric Aciduria

    In 43 patients (77%) the globus pallidus was more hyperintense on the T2-weighted MR images than the caudate nucleus and putamen ( , Fig 5 ).[] A case is reported here of L2HGA presenting with macrocephaly and febrile seizure.[] D-2-Hydroxyglutaric aciduria was documented in a newborn who presented with seizures, hypotonia, cortical blindness, a movement disorder, and developmental delay.[]

  • McLeod Neuroacanthocytosis Syndrome

    […] pattern of hyperintensity within the hypointense medial globus pallidus.[] Findings not observed in RH are: progressive biopsy-proven dilative cardiomyopathy, grand mal seizures, psychotic episodes, cognitive impairment and chorea as the most prominent[] Up to 40% of individuals with MLS eventually have seizures, usually described as generalized seizures.[]

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