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368 Possible Causes for Hyperkalemia, Hypernatremia

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    Results: AGE constituted 18% of the total admissions. 22% had Hyponatremia, 71.5% had Isonatremia and 6.5% had Hypernatremia.[omicsonline.org] Summary of results in patients with hypernatremia at baseline.[frontiersin.org] In the present study, 170 children (85%) had Normokalemia and 30 cases (15%) had Hypokalemia and none of the cases had hyperkalemia. 6 cases of hyponatremia had associated[omicsonline.org]

  • Acute Kidney Failure

    Hypernatremia is a less common complication of acute kidney injury, but may develop during the diuretic phase of recovering acute tubular necrosis (ATN) or in the setting[renalandurologynews.com] Her hyperkalemia and kidney failure resolved after the surgery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Prompt recognition and expeditious treatment of severe hyperkalemia are expected to save lives.[doi.org]

  • Heat Stroke

    The associated hyperkalemia and metabolic acidosis may lead to an acute renal, cardiac, and hemostatic failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Laboratory studies with dogs have demonstrated heat stroke-induced sinoatrial node dysfunction in the setting of hyperkalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hyperkalemia and hypoglycemia may occur. Classic heatstroke takes 2 to 3 days of exposure to develop.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Extensive Burns

    Hyperkalemia occurs when the levels of potassium in the blood are higher than normal.[livestrong.com] Hyperkalemia happens to burn victims as a result of the destruction of cells and tissues.[livestrong.com] Other complications from hyperkalemia include arrhythmias, nerve damage and changes in muscle control.[livestrong.com]

  • Lithium

    KEYWORDS: Bipolar disorder; Drug reactions; Hypernatremia; Hypovolemia; Lithium; Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Launois Syndrome

    Salbutamol has been used to treat acute hyperkalemia, as it stimulates potassium flow into cells thus lowering the level in the blood, the most common side effects are fine[wikivisually.com]

  • Electrolyte Imbalance

    KEYWORDS: Hyperkalemia; Hypernatremia; Myotonic Dystrophy[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We report a case of hyperkalemia, with concurrent hypocalcemia and hypomagnesemia resulting in (1) peaking of the T wave, (2) a prominent U wave, and (3) prolongation of the[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Here, we present a case of a heart donor with severe electrolyte imbalance, specifically severe hypokalemia, and severe hypernatremia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Adrenal Insufficiency

    Its release will lead to hypernatremia and hypokalemia, once stimulated by ACTH, elevated potassium levels, and/or the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS).[pharmacytimes.com] Hyperkalemia, low cortisol and high adrenocorticotropic hormone levels were found, indicating adrenal insufficiency.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Disorders of water balance can lead to either clinically relevant hyponatremia or hypernatremia.[doi.org]

  • Electrolytes Abnormal

    HypernatremiaHypernatremia is defined as serum sodium 145 mEq/L and generally results from loss of water combined with a failure to adequately replace the water deficit[musculoskeletalkey.com] Differential Diagnosis Hyponatremia Hypokalemia Hypocalcemia Hypernatremia Hyperkalemia Hypercalcemia Speaking Intelligently Electrolyte disorders are common clinical problems[clinicalgate.com] Hyperkalemia Several concepts in hypokalemia are relevant to hyperkalemia.[the-hospitalist.org]

  • Osmotic Diuretic

    : fluid loss leads to significant dehydration and in the absence of adequate fluid replacement leads to hypernatremia.[pharmacology2000.com] […] diuretics are not used in anuric states (except for a couple). specifically to osmotic diuretic agents: I think in anuric states - the osmotic risks would be hyponatremia, hyperkalemia[forums.studentdoctor.net] Anuria Active cerebral hemorrhage (who undergoes craniotomy) SIDE EFFECTS & ADVERSE EFFECTS: Dehydration Dizziness Nausea Vomiting Headache Blurred vision Hypernatremia Hyperkalemia[health-conditions.com]

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