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60 Possible Causes for Hyperkalemia, Hyperreninemia, Hypothyroidism

  • Addison's Disease

    Source:MedicineNet Hyperkalemia - Hyperkalemia is too much potassium in the blood. It can be caused by a variety of factors.[] […] concentration after 60 minutes to a peak of 18 mcg/dL Plasma renin : Mineralocorticoid deficiency is confirmed with a relatively low aldosterone level in the setting of hyperreninemia[] A 57-year-old Caucasian woman with known autoimmune hypothyroidism diagnosed in 2006 presented to hospital with flu-like symptoms and circulatory collapse.[]

  • 18-Hydroxylase Deficiency

    […] with glucocorticoids for illnesses other that for CAH, use of medications that interfere with the pharmacokinetic or pharmacodynamic profile of glucocorticoids, untreated hypothyroidism[] Autosomal recessive inheritance ; Decreased circulating aldosterone level ; Dehydration ; Episodic fever ; Failure to thrive ; Feeding difficulties in infancy ; Growth delay ; Hyperkalemia[] Clinical symptoms of frequent vomiting, hyponatremia and hyperkalemia were selected as the filtering indices to analyze the WES data.[]

  • Hypoaldosteronism

    At my appointment I was also told I had hypothyroidism. He ordered more of those tests (to get a trend) and an antibody test.[] Therefore it is concluded that "upright hyperkalemia" may not be caused exclusively by suppression or/and inadequate postural response of aldosterone.[] These results suggest adrenal insensitivity to angiotensin II, possibly a defect in adrenal angiotensin II receptors, as the cause of hypoldosteronism with hyperreninemia[]

  • Hyponatremia

    The laboratory findings showed severe hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, and renal dysfunction. The patient started inotropic support and antibiotics.[] In this setting, release of both antidiuretic hormone (ADH) (increases renal permeability to water) and renin (increases renal sodium retention) occurs.[] This distribution did not differ between patients suffering from clinical or subclinical hypothyroidism.[]

  • Congenital Isolated ACTH Deficiency

    Three cases had co-existing primary hypothyroidism.[] It has been concluded that the TTKG is not a reliable test to help differentiate the causes of hyperkalemia.[] […] the salt-wasting syndrome is pseudohypoaldosteronism (PHA), a clinical condition in which failure to thrive, hyperkaliemia and metabolic acidosis, urinary sodium wasting, hyperreninemia[]

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    Renal tubular acidosis, associated with hypothyroidism, is rare.[] Hyperkalemia was common despite a low potassium intake and correction of acidosis. Total body potassium was high at 55 mEq/kg body weight.[] Both effects cause hypotension with consequent hyperreninemia and hyperaldosteronism, which aggravates potassium wasting.[]

  • Respiratory Acidosis

    CNS; HA, drowsy, restless, tremor, cofusion, disorientation - COMA (cerebral vasodilation, increased bloodflow to brain) & death -increased HR, lack of energy, weakness -hyperkalemia[] , Cl- expansion Renal loss of H : edematous states (heart failure, cirrhosis, nephrotic syndrome), hyperaldosteronism, hypercortisolism, excess ACTH, exogenous steroids, hyperreninemia[] A thyrotropin and a free T4 level should be considered in selected patients, since hypothyroidism may cause obesity, leading to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and sleep apnea–related[]

  • Gitelman Syndrome

    A homozygous Thr60Met carrier suffered from hypothyroidism and received thyroxine replacement therapy.[] Tannen LR: Hypokalemia and hyperkalemia; in Massry SG, Glassock RJ (eds): Textbook of Nephrology. Baltimore, Williams & Wilkins, 1995, pp 313–326.[] The main features of this syndrome include normal or low blood pressure, hypokalemia, metabolic alkalosis, hypomagnesemia, hypocalciuria, and hyperreninemia.[]

  • Pseudohypoaldosteronism of Infancy

    Multiple paragangliomas associated with polycythemia NPHP3-related Meckel-like syndrome Nail-patella syndrome Nail-patella-like renal disease Neonatal diabetes-congenital hypothyroidism-congenital[] Pediatric Research 49(4 Part 2): 426A, April, 2001 Hyperaldosteronemia, hyperreninemia, and hyponatremia/hyperkalemia in infant urinary tract infections.[] Congenital hypothyroidism associated with Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2003;16:457–9. 50.[]

  • Hypokalemia

    Abstract Hypokalemia and hyperkalemia are common electrolyte disorders caused by changes in potassium intake, altered excretion, or transcellular shifts.[] ., thiazides) angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor adrenal insufficiency euvolemic hyponatremia psychogenic polydipsia hypothyroidism syndrome of inappropriate anti-diuretic[] Glucagonul Glucocorticoizi --- Precipitated by work-related overuse of wrist flexors (e.g. typing) diabetes mellitus hypothyroidism rheumatoid arthritis acromegaly pregnancy[]

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