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63 Possible Causes for Hyperkalemia, Hypochloremic Metabolic Alkalosis

  • Respiratory Acidosis

    CNS; HA, drowsy, restless, tremor, cofusion, disorientation - COMA (cerebral vasodilation, increased bloodflow to brain) & death -increased HR, lack of energy, weakness -hyperkalemia[quizlet.com] The bicarbonate is exported in exchange for chloride (causing a transient hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis). Previous Image Next Image[eclinpath.com] In addition, acidemia causes an extracellular shift of potassium, but respiratory acidosis rarely causes clinically significant hyperkalemia .[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Bumetanide

    Patients in Group I and Group II had a similar degree of metabolic acidosis and hyperkalemia whereas controls had neither acidosis or hyperkalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Adverse effects, including hypokalemia and hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis, were evident by the end of the treatment period.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Is the patient in renal failure, many times there is a worry of hyperkalemia.[allnurses.com]

  • T-cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

    […] tumor lysis syndrome is a rare initial presentation of hematologic malignancy in children that typically presents with complications of electrolyte derangement, specifically hyperkalemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The referring hospital laboratory studies revealed elevated lipase (7000 U/L, 146–200), amylase (420 U/L, 30–110), and a hypokalemic, hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis with[journals.lww.com]

  • Pyloric Stenosis

    Of 142 serum chemistry tests repeated after a normal test, 27% became abnormal, most commonly hyperkalemia. 61% of these went to surgery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Laboratory investigations revealed a hypokalemic, hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis.[nejm.org] Differentiated by absence of metabolic acidosis, hyperkalemia, and elevated urinary sodium.  Viral gastroenteritis. Unusual in infants less than 6 weeks of age.[slideshare.net]

  • Antenatal Bartter Syndrome

    […] antenatal Bartter syndrome patient who presented at birth with mild salt wasting and a biochemical findings that mimicked primary pseudohypoaldosteronism type 1, such as hyperkalemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Indian J Nephrol 2009;19:23-6 Introduction Bartter's Syndrome (BS) is characterized by hypokalemic, hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis with normal or low blood pressure, despite[indianjnephrol.org] Ultrasound scan and voiding cystourethrography were performed to exclude congenital anomaly of the kidneys and urinary tract. the baby presented with early hyperkalemia and[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Indomethacin

    , particularly in the elderly, renal disease, diabetics, when administered concomitantly with agents that can induce hyperkalemia May increase risk of meningitis with patients[reference.medscape.com] Bartter's syndrome (BS) is an inherited renal tubular disorder characterized by hypokalemia, hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis, and hyperaldosteronism with normal blood pressure[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] These conditions also often begin with edema and hyperkalemia.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Infantile Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis 1

    Differentiated by absence of metabolic acidosis, hyperkalemia, and elevated urinary sodium. • Viral gastroenteritis. Unusual in infants less than 6 weeks of age.[slideshare.net] metabolic alkalosis.[ipeg.org] metabolic alkalosis due to loss of acid in the vomitus].[sonoworld.com]

  • Hypokalemia

    Hypokalemia and hyperkalemia are common electrolyte disorders caused by changes in potassium intake, altered excretion, or transcellular shifts.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Gitelman Syndrome Associations : Low urine Ca levels hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis.[ebmconsult.com] Hypo- and hyperkalemia are common in healthcare.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Liddle Syndrome

    Pseudohypoaldosteronism type-1 (PHA-1) represents a hereditary form of salt-loosing nephropathy characterized by hyperkalemia, dehydration and metabolic acidosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Pseudohypoaldosteronism type II; Gordon syndrome) (AIIMS May 10) FHHt is a rare autosomal dominant disease that manifests early adulthood with Thiazide-responsive, low-renin hypertension hyperkalemia[gradestack.com]

  • Dehydration

    Hyperchloremia was the commonest electrolyte disorder (53.8%), followed by hyperkalemia (26.9%) and hypernatremia (17.3%).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hyponatremic hypochloremic dehydration with metabolic alkalosis is a rare but typical presentation of CF in infants.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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