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37 Possible Causes for Hyperkalemia, Hypochloremic Metabolic Alkalosis

  • Bartter's Disease

    The condition is characterized by Hyperkalemia (low potassium levels), normal to slightly low blood pressure and alkalosis (increased blood pH).[hxbenefit.com] The metabolic parameters revealed hypokalemia, hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis with hyponatremia.[jpgmonline.com] Close monitoring of electrolytes is necessary in patients taking potassium supplements, potassium sparing diuretics, ACE inhibitors, and aldactone because of the risks of hyperkalemia[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Hypokalemia

    Abstract Hypokalemia and hyperkalemia are common electrolyte disorders caused by changes in potassium intake, altered excretion, or transcellular shifts.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Gitelman Syndrome Associations : Low urine Ca levels hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis.[ebmconsult.com] Hyperkalemia occurred in 25,461 (7%) individuals, with 35.7% recurrence. Moderate/severe hyperkalemia occurred in 9059 (2.5%) with 28% recurrence.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Metabolic Acidosis

    She responded to thiazide diuretics and her BP is well controlled, and acidosis and hyperkalemia are corrected.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hypochloremic alkalosis would be expected to be present in this patient.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Correction of hyperkalemia leads to correction of metabolic acidosis in many patients, pointing to the central role of hyperkalemia in the pathogenesis of this acidosis.[emedicine.com]

  • Liddle Syndrome

    Pseudohypoaldosteronism type-1 (PHA-1) represents a hereditary form of salt-loosing nephropathy characterized by hyperkalemia, dehydration and metabolic acidosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Pseudohypoaldosteronism type II; Gordon syndrome) (AIIMS May 10) FHHt is a rare autosomal dominant disease that manifests early adulthood with Thiazide-responsive, low-renin hypertension hyperkalemia[gradestack.com] Although cyclosporine can raise the serum potassium concentration and hyperkalemia can stimulate aldosterone secretion, we do not attribute the normal plasma renin and aldosterone[nejm.org]

  • Congenital Pyloric Stenosis

    Differentiated by absence of metabolic acidosis, hyperkalemia, and elevated urinary sodium.  Viral gastroenteritis. Unusual in infants less than 6 weeks of age.[slideshare.net] metabolic alkalosis due to loss of acid in the vomitus].[sonoworld.com] As vomiting continues, a progressive loss of fluid, hydrogen ion, and chloride leads to hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis.[clinicalgate.com]

  • Pyloric Stenosis

    Of 142 serum chemistry tests repeated after a normal test, 27% became abnormal, most commonly hyperkalemia. 61% of these went to surgery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Early evaluation with a pyloric ultrasound and surgical management prior to severe electrolyte disturbance (hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis) is essential.[clinicaladvisor.com] Differentiated by absence of metabolic acidosis, hyperkalemia, and elevated urinary sodium.  Viral gastroenteritis. Unusual in infants less than 6 weeks of age.[slideshare.net]

  • Metabolic Alkalosis

    The case concerns an 83-year-old lady with moderately severe chronic kidney disease (e-GFR 36 mL/min) and a history of chronic hyperkalemia, osteoporosis and gastro-esophageal[acutecaretesting.org] A 7-month-old boy on an oligoantigenic diet because of multiple food intolerances presented with anorexia, failure to gain weight and severe hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Renal failure was associated with marked hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis which only responded to high volume repletion and high dose blockade of gastric hypersecretion.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hypertrophic Pyloric Stenosis

    Of 142 serum chemistry tests repeated after a normal test, 27% became abnormal, most commonly hyperkalemia. 61% of these went to surgery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Constant vomiting leads to hypokalemic and hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis.[amboss.com] metabolic alkalosis DDx Infantile pylorospasm Muscle thickness between 1.5 and 3 mm Variable caliber of antral narrowing Antral peristalsis Delayed gastric emptying Elongation[learningradiology.com]

  • Congenital Chloride Diarrhea

    Laboratory data on hospital admission showed a normal complete blood cell count, but her chemistry analysis revealed significant hypernatremia, hyperkalemia, metabolic acidosis[pediatrics.aappublications.org] It is characterized by chronic, watery diarrhea with a high fecal chloride concentration, hyponatremia, hypokalemia, and hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The disease is characterized by dehydration and hypochloremic metabolic alkalosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Alkalosis

    Lysine or arginine HCl should be avoided because they have been associated with dangerous hyperkalemia.[ajkdblog.org] FINAL DIAGNOSIS HYPOCHLOREMIC METABOLIC ALKALOSIS. I.[path.upmc.edu] Hypoalbuminemia) Increased unmeasured cations (hyperkalemia, hypercalcemia, hypermagnesemia) Lithium Multiple Myeloma Bromide (found in Pyridostigmine Bromide used in the[pulmonaryschools.com]

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