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219 Possible Causes for Hyperkalemia, Ketosis

  • Acidosis

    She responded to thiazide diuretics and her BP is well controlled, and acidosis and hyperkalemia are corrected.[] […] that is marked by sickly sweet breath, headache, nausea and vomiting, and visual disturbances and is usually a result of excessive acid production — compare alkalosis , ketosis[] Causes: Metabolic Acidosis and Elevated Anion Gap (Mnemonic: "MUD PILERS") Methanol , Metformin Uremia Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA), Alcohol ic ketoacidosis or starvation ketosis[]

  • Arginine

    Dose-dependent hyperkalemia, impairment of renal function (especially in renovascular hypertension), angioedema, and teratogenicity were derived from experience with other[] A-β ketosis-prone diabetes (KPD) is a subset of type 2 diabetes in which patients have severe but reversible β cell dysfunction of unknown etiology.[] Adverse Effects 1-10% Headache (3%) Flushing (3%) Nausea (3%) Vomiting (3%) Numbness (3%) Local venous irritation (3%) Macular rash Swelling of hands and feet Hematuria Hyperkalemia[]

  • Hyperkalemic Periodic Paralysis

    During a severe attack, the drug rapidly corrected hyperkalemia and seemed to enhance the return of strength.[] During the induced attacks of paralysis, the expired breath of the patients had a very strong odor of ketosis.[] This syndrome consists of hypertension, tubular acidosis, and hyperkalemia with normal glomerular filtration rate. The pathophysiological mechanism is still unknown.[]

  • Metabolic Acidosis

    She responded to thiazide diuretics and her BP is well controlled, and acidosis and hyperkalemia are corrected.[] […] report a patient harbouring a homozygous mutation of SLC2A2 who presented a dramatic exacerbation of metabolic acidosis in the context of a viral infection, owing to both ketosis[] Ketosis-prone type 2 diabetes is a variant of type 2 diabetes, which is sometimes seen in obese individuals, often of African (including African-American or Afro-Caribbean[]

  • Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    He presented in hyperglycemic, hyperosmolar, hyperketotic state with hyperkalemia, and peaked T waves on electrocardiogram.[] This particular presentation of diabetes has been termed as ketosis-prone type 2 diabetes (KPDM) or atypical diabetes.[] Hyperkalemia, however, masks the underlying whole-body potassium deficiency that occurs in DKA.[]

  • Poorly Controlled Diabetes Mellitus

    Hyperkalemia (confirmed with repeat measurement and electrocardiogram) and renal insufficiency are contraindications to potassium infusion.[] Patients seldom develop ketosis but often exhibit obesity.[] Long-term treatment of the disease emphasizes control of blood glucose levels to prevent the acute complications of ketosis and hyperglycemia.[]

  • Intravenous Hyperalimentation

    ., anuria, hyperkalemia, heart block or myocardial damage and severe edema due to cardiovascular, renal or hepatic failure.[] [Contraindication] (1) Diabetes ketosis acidose; (2) Hyperglycemia non-ketosis hyperosmotic state; [Attention] (1) High dose dextrose during parturition may stimulate the[] .  Fluid overload  Hypo/hypernatremia  Hypercalcemia  Hypo/hyperkalemia Infection :  Catheter related sepsis is most common life threatening complication  Causes: staph[]

  • Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

    […] of a patient with hyperkalemia.[] Patients seldom develop KETOSIS but often exhibit OBESITY.[] Patients seldom develop ketosis but often exhibit obesity.[]

  • Diabetes Mellitus Type 1

    Medscape Education Diabetes & Endocrinology , March 2018 Managing Patients on RAAS Inhibitors CME / ABIM MOC / CE Clinical Case Challenges for Managing Hyperkalemia in Patients[] Prone , Diabetes Mellitus, Ketosis-Prone , IDDM , Juvenile-Onset Diabetes Mellitus , Ketosis-Prone Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetes Mellitus, Insulin Dependent , insulin dependent[] Polyphagia, polydipsia, and polyuria Ketosis Usually rapid onset Body habitus: usually normal or thin physique System(s) affected: endocrine/metabolic Pregnancy Considerations[]

  • Tacrolimus

    Concomitant use of agents associated with hyperkalemia may increase the risk for hyperkalemia.[] […] transplantation and his serum fasting glucose levels were within the reference range at the follow-up visits, his laboratory tests revealed high serum glucose and creatinine levels, ketosis[] 13% Urogenital Creatinine Increased 45% 42% Urinary Tract Infection 34% 35% Metabolic and Nutritional Hypophosphatemia 49% 53% Hypomagnesemia 34% 17% Hyperlipemia 31% 38% Hyperkalemia[]

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