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24 Possible Causes for Hyperkalemia, Ketosis, Myoclonic Jerking

  • Acidosis

    Frank papilledema (pseudotumor cerebri) and motor disturbances (myoclonic jerks, flapping tremor, and seizures).[slideshare.net] She responded to thiazide diuretics and her BP is well controlled, and acidosis and hyperkalemia are corrected.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Synonyms Acidosis, metabolic Alcohol induced ketoacidosis Alcoholic ketoacidosis Ketoacidosis due to acute alcohol intoxication Ketoacidosis due to acute alcoholic intoxication Ketosis[icd9data.com]

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    Manage the sequelae of ACRF (hyperkalemia, uremia and volume overload can be life-threatening).[clinicaladvisor.com] Sufficient carbohydrate and fat are given to meet energy requirements and prevent ketosis.[merckmanuals.com] Hyperkalemia only develops as a result of hyper-stimulation of the resorption capacity.[lecturio.com]

  • Status Epilepticus

    Choice of paralytic Succinylcholine could cause hyperkalemia if seizures have been extremely prolonged and rhabdomyolysis has already developed or if there is an underlying[first10em.com] In a multicentre retrospective study of 10 adult patients, 90% of patients achieved ketosis, and SE ceased in a median of 3 days in all patients who achieved ketosis. 49 Prospective[hkmj.org] Myoclonic jerks ceased completely and electroencephalogram showed no epileptiform discharges 2 days after VPA treatment onset, with recovery of baseline neurological status[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Respiratory Acidosis

    Signs include gait disturbance, tremor, blunted deep tendon reflexes, myoclonic jerks, asterixis, and papilledema.[merckmanuals.com] CNS; HA, drowsy, restless, tremor, cofusion, disorientation - COMA (cerebral vasodilation, increased bloodflow to brain) & death -increased HR, lack of energy, weakness -hyperkalemia[quizlet.com] Synonyms Acidosis, metabolic Alcohol induced ketoacidosis Alcoholic ketoacidosis Ketoacidosis due to acute alcohol intoxication Ketoacidosis due to acute alcoholic intoxication Ketosis[icd9data.com]

  • Hypoglycemia

    In newborns, hypoglycemia can produce irritability, jitters, myoclonic jerks, cyanosis, respiratory distress, apneic episodes, sweating, hypothermia, somnolence, hypotonia[en.wikipedia.org] Spurious hypoglycemia, hyperkalemia and hypoxemia in chronic hemolytic anemia. Isr J Med Sci . 1990 Nov. 26(11):606-10. [Medline] . Jokinen CH, Swaim WR, Nuttall FQ.[emedicine.com] A fasting study showed euglycemia with suppression of insulin and appropriate ketosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic Nonketotic Coma

    jerking, reversible paralysis [5] Motor abnormalities including flaccidity, depressed reflexes, tremors or fasiciculations Hyperviscosity and increased risk of blood clot[en.wikipedia.org] Hyperkalemia with EKG changes should prompt treatment of the hyperkalemia with typical protocols (including calcium carbonate, insulin and bicarbonate which is otherwise generally[cancertherapyadvisor.com] The latter designation is a misnomer, because a mild degree of ketosis often is present, and a true coma is uncommon.[acronymattic.com]

  • GLUT1 Deficiency Syndrome

    The seizures were described as myoclonic jerks of one limb lasting up to eight minutes and associated with staring.[doi.org] SUBJECT AND METHODS: The infant presented with erratic hyperkalemia, neonatal hyperbilirubinemia, anemia, hepatic dysfunction, and microcephaly.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] RESULTS: All patients reached mild to moderate ketosis and experienced remarkable improvement in the frequency and severity of paroxysmal movement disorders.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Prerenal Azotemia

    With regards to hyperammonemia, the exam findings are positive for myoclonic jerks, and possibly asterixis and hyperreflexia.[symptoma.com] Abstract Patients with hyporeninemic hypoaldosteronism show mild to moderate renal insufficiency, with a creatinine clearance of 20-75 ml/min, and asymptomatic hyperkalemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Protein intake should be balanced to minimize nitrogenous waste production while limiting starvation ketosis and subsequent production of ketoacids.[aafp.org]

  • Renal Impairment

    This suggests that unmasking the renal impairment and relative hypoaldosteronism after ADX might induce critical hyperkalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Sufficient carbohydrate and fat are given to meet energy requirements and prevent ketosis.[merckmanuals.com] The patient presented with acute confusion, muscle cramps and myoclonic jerks 5 weeks after treatment.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Chronic Respiratory Acidosis

    Signs include gait disturbance, tremor, blunted deep tendon reflexes, myoclonic jerks, asterixis, and papilledema.[msdmanuals.com] […] seizures; mental confusion; muscle twitching; agitation; coma (severe acidosis); anorexia, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea; deep and rapid respirations (Kussmaul respirations); hyperkalemia[m2hnursing.com] […] to autoimmune process diabetes (mellitus) due to immune mediated pancreatic islet beta-cell destruction idiopathic diabetes (mellitus) juvenile onset diabetes (mellitus) ketosis-prone[icd10data.com]

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