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407 Possible Causes for Hyperkalemia, Metabolic Encephalopathy, Vomiting

  • Acute Renal Failure

    ., diarrhea and vomiting) should be given intravenous fluid Complications Hyperkalemia Metabolic acidosis Uremic encephalopathy and platelet dysfunction Anemia Chronic kidney[step2.medbullets.com] […] and vomiting, abdominal pain pain 6.6 WBCs, protein 30 Increased cortical echogenicity, no hydronephrosis "Synthetic marijuana" 8 New York 33 Nausea and vomiting 3.3 Not[cdc.gov] Her hyperkalemia and kidney failure resolved after the surgery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Acidosis

    Vomiting causes metabolic alkalosis because a lot of stomach acid is lost when someone vomits, and this leads to the reduction of acidity within the body.[study.com] She responded to thiazide diuretics and her BP is well controlled, and acidosis and hyperkalemia are corrected.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Symptoms of acidosis are: fast, deep breathing a smell of acetone on your breath nausea and vomiting stomach pains.[netdoctor.co.uk]

  • Chronic Kidney Insufficiency

    encephalopathy).[merckmanuals.com] Nausea, loss of appetite, and vomiting. Urea in the gastric juices may cause upset stomach. This can lead to malnutrition and weight loss.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Manage the sequelae of ACRF (hyperkalemia, uremia and volume overload can be life-threatening).[clinicaladvisor.com]

  • Primary Hyperparathyroidism

    It can also cause neurotoxicity, manifesting as toxic metabolic encephalopathy.[karger.com] A 46 year-old female patient presented to the hospital with ongoing and progressively increasing fatigue, severe nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, constipation, palpitations[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Read More CE/CME Hyperkalemia in Adults: Review of a Common Electrolyte Imbalance Author: Melanie Douglas, PA-C Denise Rizzolo, PhD, PA-C Danielle Kruger, PA-C, MS Ed Although[mdedge.com]

  • Hyponatremia

    Arieff AI et al . (1995) Age, gender, and vasopressin affect survival and brain adaptation in rats with metabolic encephalopathy . Am J Physiol 268 : R1143–R1152 16.[nature.com] Chronic, severe vomiting or diarrhea and other causes of dehydration. This causes your body to lose electrolytes, such as sodium, and also increases ADH levels.[mayoclinic.com] The laboratory findings showed severe hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, and renal dysfunction. The patient started inotropic support and antibiotics.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Electrolytes Abnormal

    Tachypnoea Reduced vital capacity Respiratory failure CNS Lethargy Neuropathy Encephalopathy Seizures Coma Others Skeletal demineralization Table VI - Clinical manifestations[medbc.com] She denies any fevers, chills, vomiting, or diarrhea. Her other medications include metoprolol, aspirin, and simvastatin.[clinicalgate.com] Hyperkalemia Pφ Severe hyperkalemia is a life-threatening emergency, requiring immediate treatment.[musculoskeletalkey.com]

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    CASE PRESENTATION: A 20-year-old man with HIV infection developed nausea and vomiting without diarrhea after starting antiretroviral therapy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hyperkalemia was common despite a low potassium intake and correction of acidosis. Total body potassium was high at 55 mEq/kg body weight.[annals.org] CASE REPORT: A 45-day-old male infant was admitted with stopping growth, difficult feeding and vomiting after meals.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Kidney Disease

    Lethargy Weakness Shortness of breath Generalized swelling ( edema ) Generalized weakness due to anemia Loss of appetite Lethargy Fatigue Congestive heart failure Metabolic[medicinenet.com] General symptoms of CKD include: Fatigue, weakness, lack of energy and pale skin due to anemia Loss of appetite, nausea, and vomiting Frequent urination, especially at night[kibowbiotech.com] Fig. 3 Factors related to CKD progression and complications (hypoalbuminemia or hyperkalemia).[doi.org]

  • Malaria

    On examination, neurologic abnormalities resemble those of a diffuse symmetric encephalopathy, similar to a metabolic encephalopathy.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Plasmodium ( P. ) parasites that are transmitted by Anophles mosquito bites to humans and is typically clinically characterized by attacks of fever, headache, chills and vomiting[orpha.net] The dose was repeated if the patient vomited within 45 minutes.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    Anorexia, nausea and vomiting: Congestion of the portal system causes these symptoms.[symptoma.com] However, the patient's renal function and hyperkalemia worsened, and the blood eosinophil count increased without signs of dehydration or hypotension.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] fainting spells Feeling of fullness, loss of appetite, or abdominal pain Fluid retention, which causes swollen extremities or abdomen (edema) Loss of muscle mass Nausea or vomiting[utswmedicine.org]

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