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503 Possible Causes for Hyperkalemia, Orthostatic Hypotension, Vomiting

  • Addison's Disease

    Source:MedicineNet Hyperkalemia - Hyperkalemia is too much potassium in the blood. It can be caused by a variety of factors.[web.archive.org] On review of history, the cause of vomiting and weight loss was questioned and combined with subsequent biochemical testing a diagnosis of Addison's disease was made.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Orthostatic hypotension, fever, and hypoglycemia characterize acute adrenal crisis, whereas chronic primary adrenal insufficiency presents with a more insidious history of[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Addisonian Crisis

    hypotension ( G90.3 ) orthostatic hypotension ( I95.1 ) postprocedural shock ( T81.1- ) psychogenic syncope ( F48.8 ) shock NOS ( R57.9 ) shock complicating or following[icd10data.com] If unable to retain medication due to vomiting, notify the health care provider.[endocrinesurgery.ucla.edu] Aldosterone is the first-line defense against hyperkalemia.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Digitalis Toxicity

    Nausea and vomiting, sometimes with abdominal pain and increased salivation, usually appear 1 to 2 days later.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Abstract Cardiac glycoside toxicity is frequently associated with hyperkalemia and dysrhythmias in patients with renal insufficiency.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Her labs revealed digitalis toxicity and hyperkalemia. Actual lab values not available. With digitalis toxicity, hypokalemia and hyperkalemia are possible.[ecgguru.com]

  • Cardiac Glycoside Poisoning

    CASE DETAILS: A 55-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with nausea, vomiting and generalized weakness eight hours after drinking "comfrey" tea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hyperkalemia or hypokalemia can be observed.[clinicaladvisor.com] In acute toxicity, the following may be present: GI symptoms - Usually evolve within minutes to hours, are nonspecific, and include nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain Neurologic[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Heat Stroke

    hypotension ).The person also may have a low-grade fever.[medicinenet.com] Laboratory studies with dogs have demonstrated heat stroke-induced sinoatrial node dysfunction in the setting of hyperkalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The associated hyperkalemia and metabolic acidosis may lead to an acute renal, cardiac, and hemostatic failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Adrenal Insufficiency

    Hyperkalemia, low cortisol and high adrenocorticotropic hormone levels were found, indicating adrenal insufficiency.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Orthostatic hypotension and salt craving can be prominent in primary insufficiency due to aldosterone deficiency leading to profound volume depletion.[ime.acponline.org] The patient presented after birth with cardiopulmonary instability, hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, hypoglycemia and metabolic acidosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Heat Exhaustion

    On examination, patients appear tired, are usually sweaty and tachycardic, and may have orthostatic hypotension. Mental status is intact, unlike in heatstroke.[merckmanuals.com] Other signs and symptoms might include confusion or dizziness, decreased urination, nausea and vomiting, headache, fatigue/weakness and malaise.[sharecare.com] hypotension Rapid heart rate Passing urine less frequently and passing dark colored urine When does heat exhaustion turn into heat stroke?[news-medical.net]

  • Hyponatremia

    The laboratory findings showed severe hyponatremia, hyperkalemia, and renal dysfunction. The patient started inotropic support and antibiotics.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Chronic, severe vomiting or diarrhea and other causes of dehydration. This causes your body to lose electrolytes, such as sodium, and also increases ADH levels.[mayoclinic.com] Patients presenting with orthostatic hypotension and normal plasma sodium concentrations are frequently admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of dehydration.[annals.org]

  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    In the present study, 170 children (85%) had Normokalemia and 30 cases (15%) had Hypokalemia and none of the cases had hyperkalemia. 6 cases of hyponatremia had associated[omicsonline.org] Although the affected children habitually have vomiting, recommendations do not focus on the correction of this symptom.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Intravenous ondansetron and metoclopramide reduced the number of episodes of vomiting and hospital admission, and dimenhydrinate as a suppository reduced the duration of vomiting[cochrane.org]

  • Acute Alcohol Intoxication

    Take the patient’s blood pressure to ascertain if there are any orthostatic changes, hypotension, or tachycardia.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Symptoms range from changes in behavior to severe hypothermia, vomiting, altered consciousness, coma, and respiratory insufficiency that may be fatal.[symptoma.com] Hyponatremia, hypokalemia and/or hyperkalemia, and hypophosphatemia are also commonly found ( 39, 112, 117 ).[cjasn.asnjournals.org]

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