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224 Possible Causes for Hyperkalemia, Patient Appears Acutely Ill, Vomiting

  • Acute Renal Failure

    Acute kidney injury (AKI) is commonly encountered in critically ill patients and appears to exert an important modifying effect on mortality and health resource utilization[sccm.org] […] and vomiting, abdominal pain pain 6.6 WBCs, protein 30 Increased cortical echogenicity, no hydronephrosis "Synthetic marijuana" 8 New York 33 Nausea and vomiting 3.3 Not[cdc.gov] Her hyperkalemia and kidney failure resolved after the surgery.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Digitalis Toxicity

    Nausea and vomiting, sometimes with abdominal pain and increased salivation, usually appear 1 to 2 days later.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] Abstract Cardiac glycoside toxicity is frequently associated with hyperkalemia and dysrhythmias in patients with renal insufficiency.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Her labs revealed digitalis toxicity and hyperkalemia. Actual lab values not available. With digitalis toxicity, hypokalemia and hyperkalemia are possible.[ecgguru.com]

  • Cardiac Glycoside Poisoning

    CASE DETAILS: A 55-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with nausea, vomiting and generalized weakness eight hours after drinking "comfrey" tea.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hyperkalemia or hypokalemia can be observed.[clinicaladvisor.com] In acute toxicity, the following may be present: GI symptoms - Usually evolve within minutes to hours, are nonspecific, and include nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain Neurologic[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Addisonian Crisis

    If unable to retain medication due to vomiting, notify the health care provider.[endocrinesurgery.ucla.edu] Aldosterone is the first-line defense against hyperkalemia.[emedicine.medscape.com] In a patient who developed clinical signs of intracranial hypertension, bilateral papilledema and diplopia, in association with mild hypotension, hyponatremia and hyperkalemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Heat Stroke

    This may be a challenge if the person begins to suffer from nausea and vomiting.[medicinenet.com] Laboratory studies with dogs have demonstrated heat stroke-induced sinoatrial node dysfunction in the setting of hyperkalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The associated hyperkalemia and metabolic acidosis may lead to an acute renal, cardiac, and hemostatic failure.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Adrenal Hemorrhage

    A 52-year-old lady with a history of hypertension, dilated cardiomyopathy and diabetes mellitus type 2, presented with severe upper abdominal pain and vomiting of 4 hours[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] happen in the postoperative period.30 Routine laboratory test results that may suggest the diagnosis of adrenal hemorrhage are a sudden drop in hematocrit, hyponatremia, hyperkalemia[mitchmedical.us] […] case of a 56-year-old Thai woman with a history of recurrent venous thrombosis, spontaneous abortion and Graves' disease who presented with bilateral flank pain, nausea, vomiting[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Weil Disease

    The cause of death included pulmonary hemorrhage (5 patients), multiorgan failure (2 patients), severe hyperkalemia (1 patient), uremic encephalopathy (1 patient), and acute[doi.org] Signs included vomiting in 9 patients, haemorrhages in 6, and renal function was impaired in 6.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Much disease is sub-clinical or mild, but patients reaching medical attention usually have an acute febrile illness associated with one or more of chills, headache, myalgia[doi.org]

  • Cardiac Glycoside Plant Poisoning

    When death occurs, it generally is due to lethal dysrhythmias and refractory hyperkalemia. The magnitude of hyperkalemia is predictive of outcome.[emedicine.medscape.com] In acute toxicity, the following may be present: GI symptoms - Usually evolve within minutes to hours, are nonspecific, and include nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain Neurologic[emedicine.medscape.com] Case report A 26-year-old male patient presented to the emergency room with vomiting, disorientation, and increased tone of muscles (spasticity) in lower limbs.[roaic.eg.net]

  • Tumor Lysis Syndrome

    Signs & Symptoms: Patients may develop muscle cramps, muscle weakness, paresthesias, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.[learn.pediatrics.ubc.ca] There were no electrocardiographic findings indicating systemic hyperkalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] You vomit repeatedly. You have tingling around your mouth or in your hands or feet. You have muscle weakness, cramps, or spasms. You are fatigued or confused.[drugs.com]

  • Arsine Poisoning

    […] signs and symptoms Tachypnea Dyspnea Pulmonary edema Genitourinary signs Hemoglobinuria Oligouria Renal failure Laboratory findings Anemia Elevated bilirubin (indirect) Hyperkalemia[emergency.cdc.gov] Chen Yuzhou] A total of 8 workers from Jinhu Metallurgical Co Ltd within Sifangdi Industrial Park of Dongchuan District, Kunming have reported that they feel nausea and vomiting[en.kunming.cn] Monitor fluid balance and avoid fluid overload if renal failure supervenes; monitor plasma electrolytes to detect disturbances (particularly hyperkalemia) as early as possible[sccgov.org]

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