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70 Possible Causes for Hyperlucent Lungs

  • Asthma

    Nutr Rev. 2014 Jul;72(7):411-28. doi: 10.1111/nure.12121. Epub 2014 Jun 19. Author information 1 Tuberculosis and Lung Research Disease Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; School of Public Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Abstract Major bibliographic databases were searched[…][]

  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

    There has been renewal of interest in the use of prophylactic antibiotics to reduce the frequency of exacerbations and improve quality of life in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). To determine whether or not regular treatment of COPD patients with prophylactic antibiotics reduces exacerbations or[…][]

  • Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection

    Abstract Patients with phagocyte defects frequently develop bacterial or fungal pneumonias, but they are not considered to be at increased risk for viral infections. We describe 3 patients with known phagocyte immunodeficiencies who developed lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI) caused by respiratory[…][]

  • Allergic Asthma

    Abstract Idiopathic pulmonary hemosiderosis (IPH) is a rare disorder with unknown pathogenesis that usually presents in the first decade of life. As a result of diffuse alveolar hemorrhage, respiratory symptoms such as cough attacks, hemoptysis, dyspnea, and recurrent and refractory iron-deficiency anemia (IDA)[…][]

  • Bronchiolitis Obliterans

    ) or may complicate pneumonia; associated with obstructive findings ( see unilateral hyperlucent lung, Swyer-James syndrome ). bronchiolitis obliterans a form of bronchiolitis[] The consequences of bronchiolitis obliterans include dyspnea (shortness of breath), obstructive lung disease, atelactasis, bronchiectasis, and unilateral hyperlucent lung.[] […] of bronchioles and alveolar ducts by fibrous granulation tissue induced by mucosal ulceration; the condition may follow inhalation of irritant gases ( see silo-filler's lung[]

  • Swyer-James Syndrome

    The differential diagnosis of conditions that may present with a unilateral hyperlucent lung is discussed.[] Unilateral hyperlucent lung should be considered as a possible sequel to severe Mycoplasma pulmonary infection.[] A small or normal sized hyperlucent lung that changes little in volume during inspiration and expiration is seen.[]

  • Tracheobronchomalacia

    Abstract A neonatal case of severe, ventilator-dependent tracheobronchomalacia (TBM) is described. The extent of the malacic segment was determined by endoscopy and tracheobronchography. Additionally, relevant and ever increasing reversible peripheral airway obstruction was documented by measuring the mechanical[…][]

  • Congenital Emphysema

    As the fluid clears by absorption, the affected lung progresses from alveolar opacification to interstitial reticulation to hyperlucency.[] […] normal lung grows, the involved lung does not grow and appears more radiolucent) Swyer-James, like CLE, appears as hyperlucency localized to one or several lobes of the lung[] On imaging, it classically presents on chest radiographs as a hyperlucent lung segment with overinflation and contralateral mediastinal shift.[]

  • Bronchial Compression

    None of our cases demonstrated the more usual signs of hyperinflation which are a hyperlucent lung field, depressed hemidiaphragm and mediastinal shift away from the affected[] On imaging, it commonly presents as a proximal focal tubular shaped opacity radiating from the hilum associated with a distal area of hyperlucent lung parenchyma.[] Plain radiograph It usually presents as a proximal focal ovoid or tubular opacity (finger-in-glove) radiating from the hilum associated with a distal area of hyperlucent lung[]

  • Pulmonary Bullous Emphysema

    […] edge separated from the chest wall, lung hyperlucency is unlikely to be caused by a straightforward pneumothorax, and CT is needed to evaluate the pleural space and the lung[] lung Unilateral pulmonary artery functional hypoplasia Unilateral transparency of lung J43.1 Panlobular emphysema Inclusion term(s): Panacinar emphysema J43.2 Centrilobular[] .-) tobacco use (Z72.0) J43.0 Unilateral pulmonary emphysema [MacLeod’s syndrome] Swyer-James syndrome Unilateral emphysema Unilateral hyperlucent lung Unilateral pulmonary[]

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