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53 Possible Causes for Hypernatremia, Hyperreninemia, Hypokalemia

  • Conn Syndrome

    Hypernatremia, hypervolemia and hypokalemia are common.[symptoma.com] […] a cause of primary hyperaldosteronism and is the result of an aldosterone producing adenoma (APA) aldosterone secretion,supressed renin activity, hypernatremia, HTN hypokalemia[quizlet.com] When renin increases (due to low blood pressure, decreased blood flow to the kidneys or to a sodium deficiency), aldosterone increases; when renin decreases, aldosterone decreases.In[labtestsonline.org.au]

  • Hyperaldosteronism

    A 65-year-old seemingly well male patient was referred to our clinic under the suspicion of hyperaldosteronism due to hypertension combined with hypokalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Review Topic QID: 104337 1 Metabolic acidosis, hypernatremia, hyperkalemia 2 Metabolic acidosis, hyponatremia, hyperkalemia 3 Metabolic acidosis, hypernatremia, hypokalemia[medbullets.com] Hyperreninemia and secondary aldosteronism have also been reported in patients with pheochromocytoma, apparently as a result of functional renal artery stenosis.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Gitelman Syndrome

    In these children, a tendency towards hypokalemia was first noted during the third week of life.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Wilson's disease - Menkes disease - Hypermagnesemia - Hypomagnesemia - Hypercalcaemia - Hypocalcaemia fluid, electrolyte and acid-base balance Electrolyte disturbance - Hypernatremia[psychology.wikia.com] Both probands show hypokalemia, hypochloraemia, hypocalcinuria, hyperreninemia, and hyperaldosteronemia; Proband A has normal serum magnesium and increased urinary sodium[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hyponatremia

    Carbamazepine was discontinued, fluid restriction ordered, and hypokalemia was corrected.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Assessment of Hypernatremia (serum sodium 145 mEq/L [ 145 mmol/L]) FIGURE 2. Algorithm for the assessment of hypernatremia.[aafp.org] In this setting, release of both antidiuretic hormone (ADH) (increases renal permeability to water) and renin (increases renal sodium retention) occurs.[doi.org]

  • Metabolic Alkalosis

    Hypokalemia seen with heat stress is secondary to sweat as well as renal potassium wasting.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] CONCLUSIONS: Hypernatremia is accompanied by metabolic alkalosis and an increase in pH.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Three patients with hypokalemia, normal blood pressure, metabolic alkalosis, hyperreninemia and hyperaldosteronism are described.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Secondary Aldosteronism

    Hypokalemia (3.2 0.2 mmol/L), hypomagnesemia (1.6 0.3 mg/dL) and a putative metabolic alkalosis (serum HCO3 30 1 mmol/L) were observed.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] hydroxycortisol -Aldosterone to renin ration -captopril supression test (if aldo.levels remain unchanges after captoril adm. diagnosis can be made) -biochemistry: *hypokalemia *hypernatremia[quizlet.com] Bartter syndrome is associated with hypokalemic alkalosis, hyperreninemia, and hyperaldosteronism, with normal blood pressure.[usmle.net]

  • Diabetes Insipidus

    An adult male with metastatic medullary thyroid cancer presented with hyperglycemia, hypernatremia, hypokalemia, hypertension, acne-like rash, and diabetes insipidus (urine[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hypernatremia was corrected by scheduled water intake with desmopressin administration.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] ingress from the renal filtrate - up to 12% of glomerular filtrate may be reabsorbed cardiovascular effects (V2): tachycardia, facial flushing, hypotension, increased plasma renin[aic.cuhk.edu.hk]

  • Renal Salt-Wasting Syndrome

    In 3 patients, fludrocortisone treatment was complicated by hypokalemia, and in 1 patient by hypertension, which necessitated a dose reduction or brief cessation of therapy[pediatrics.aappublications.org] Recently, one case report of over-correction of hyponatremia with development of severe hypernatremia and demyelination with usage of vaptan was published ( 2 , 55 ).[frontiersin.org] The proximal site of salt transport defect has been suggested by the absence of hyperreninemia and hypokalemia, which would be a distinguishing feature of Bartter’s syndrome[karger.com]

  • Hypokalemic Nephropathy

    Certain herbal products, like licorice and gan cao may be causative for hypokalemia.[symbiosisonlinepublishing.com] Supreme Court refused to hear an appeal by the parents of Terri Schiavo, Hypokalemia (low calcium - including hypokalemic nephropathy) Hyponatremia (low sodium), (rarely) hypernatremia[nephropathygotsuesa.blogspot.com] The most common electrolyte disturbances in cancer are: hypercalcemia, hyponatremia and hypernatremia, hypokalemia and hyperkalemia, and hypomagnesemia.[freethesaurus.com]

  • Hypokalemia

    MayoClinic.com: Low potassium (hypokalemia) MedicineNet.com: Low Potassium (Hypokalemia) eMedicineHealth.com: Low Potassium (Hypokalemia) Content of Selected Foods per Common[en.wikipedia.org] Increased sodium (hypernatremia) in the blood occurs whenever there is excess sodium in relation to water.[medicinenet.com] (Hyponatremia secondary to congestive heart failure) Potassium Electrolyte Disturbances Hyponatremia Hypernatremia Definition serum sodium of 135 mmol/L Etiology pseudohyponatremia[step2.medbullets.com]

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