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368 Possible Causes for Hypernatremia, Hypocalcemia, Tachycardia

  • Acute Alcohol Intoxication

    Take the patient’s blood pressure to ascertain if there are any orthostatic changes, hypotension , or tachycardia .[] Hypernatremia was present in five children.[] Persons with chronic alcoholism frequently have hypocalcemia, hypomagnesemia, and osteoporosis.[]

  • Acute Kidney Failure

    ., history of vomiting, diarrhea, diuretic overuse, hemorrhage, burns) Weight loss, orthostatic hypotension and tachycardia Thirst and reduced fluid intake Poor skin turgor[] Hypernatremia is a less common complication of acute kidney injury, but may develop during the diuretic phase of recovering acute tubular necrosis (ATN) or in the setting[] Hypocalcemia is thought to occur because the impaired kidney no longer produces calcitriol and because hyperphosphatemia causes calcium phosphate precipitation in the tissues[]

  • Acute Pancreatitis

    Typical signs include epigastric tenderness, fever, and tachycardia.[] Systemic complications related to acute pancreatitis include acute respiratory distress syndrome, multiple organ dysfunction syndrome, disseminated intravascular coagulation, hypocalcemia[] […] pain Classically radiating towards the back Worse after meals and when supine Improves on leaning forwards Nausea, vomiting General physical examination Signs of shock : tachycardia[]

  • Hyperphosphatemia

    Findings associated with hyperphosphatemia include lethargy, dizziness, stiffness, tachypnea, tachycardia and severe dehydration in almost all cases, and tetany, carpopedal[] In our case we observed all the described complications following the intestinal infusion of P-rich enemas ¿ including hypernatremia, possibly due to increased Na absorption[] In the following report, a case of severe hyperphosphatemia and tetanic hypocalcemia resulting from the inadvertent oral ingestion of a phosphate enema is described.[]

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    Furthermore, large amounts of NaHCO 3 are commonly required, and volume overload and hypernatremia can occur.[] An electrocardiogram revealed supraventricular tachycardia and ST depression on precordial V2-6 derivations.[] Although renal calcium crystal deposits (nephrocalcinosis) may occur in acute phosphate poisoning as well as type 1 renal tubular acidosis (RTA), hyperphosphatemic hypocalcemia[]

  • Congestive Heart Failure

    ECG and telemetry revealed relatively slow supraventricular tachycardia, which did not trigger the alert, and catheter ablation successfully controlled the heart failure.[] By using CRRT, we successfully treated hypernatremia in a patient with severe CHF, without observing any fluid overload.[] We present a case of severe congestive left heart failure due to profound and long-term hypocalcemia caused by surgically induced hypoparathyroidism.[]

  • Heat Stroke

    Fever has been related to polymorphic ventricular tachycardia particularly in children; nevertheless, prevalence is higher within males in their fourth to fifth decade.[] On admission, the common electrolyte disturbances were hypokalemia (71.2 %), hypophosphatemia (59.1 %), hyponatremia (53.0 %), hypocalcemia (51.5 %), and hypomagnesemia (34.9[] Tachycardia, tachypnea, and normotension are common in heatstroke. Temperature also should be measured in the initial survey.[]

  • Variegate Porphyria

    Tenosynovitis) Trochanteric Bursitis NEW ALGORITHMS INCLUDE Amenorrhea, Primary Amenorrhea, Secondary Back Pain, Acute Bleeding, Gastrointestinal Breast Mass Dyspepsia Fatigue Hypernatremia[] She was admitted in an acute attack and developed severe dysautonomia manifested clinically by postural hypotension, tachycardia and constipation with severe abdominal pain[] […] of haem metabolism, is characterised by photosensitivity (Fig. 1) and a propensity to develop acute neuropsychiatric attacks with abdominal pain, vomiting, constipation, tachycardia[]

  • Hypokalemia

    A 38-year-old obese woman presented with recurrent polymorphic ventricular tachycardia secondary to persistent hypokalemia necessitating more than 40 DC shocks.[] Increased sodium (hypernatremia) in the blood occurs whenever there is excess sodium in relation to water.[] Autosomal dominant hypocalcemia type 1 (ADH1) is a relatively rare endocrine disorder characterized by hypocalcemia and inadequate parathyroid hormone secretion.[]

  • Heart Failure

    Pulmonary hypertension has not been described as a complication of hypernatremia.[] We describe the novel use of bilateral cardiac sympathectomy in a woman with end-stage heart failure caused by ventricular tachycardia refractory to standard medical therapy[] An 84-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital due to acute exacerbation of chronic heart failure and marked tachycardia with atrial fibrillation.[]

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