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438 Possible Causes for Hypernatremia, Hypokalemia

  • Acute Alcohol Intoxication

    The most common finding was hyperlactinemia occurring in 66% of the patients (n 128) followed by hypokalemia ( 6.1 mmol/L) in 40.2% of the children (n 78).[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] alcohol intoxication stems from many complications that arise in the presence of large quantities of ethanol in the circulation ( 350mg/100ml), including lactic acidosis, hypokalemia[symptoma.com] Acute ethanol intoxication can lead to metabolic disturbances such as lactic acidosis, hypophosphatemia, hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia.[emsworld.com]

  • Chronic Alcoholism

    The presence of thyrotoxicosis and hypokalemia does not always indicate a diagnosis of TPP.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Abstract Recent reports have emphasized the occurrence of a myopathy in chronic alcoholism associated with hypokalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Laboratory data revealed hypokalemia (2.2 mmol/L), elevated creatine kinase (7282 U/L), metabolic alkalosis and reduced urine potassium, albumin, and total protein.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Diarrhea

    The diarrhea resulted in hypokalemia and sodium depletion that made her dependent on twice weekly intravenous fluid and electrolyte infusions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Her hypernatremia was resistant to fluid management.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hypokalemia can occur when patients have severe or chronic diarrhea or if the stool contains excess mucus. Hypomagnesemia after prolonged diarrhea can cause tetany.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Hyperaldosteronism

    CASE PRESENTATION: A 65-year-old seemingly well male patient was referred to our clinic under the suspicion of hyperaldosteronism due to hypertension combined with hypokalemia[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Review Topic QID: 104337 1 Metabolic acidosis, hypernatremia, hyperkalemia 2 Metabolic acidosis, hyponatremia, hyperkalemia 3 Metabolic acidosis, hypernatremia, hypokalemia[medbullets.com] Hypokalemia persisted despite potassium supplementation and antihypertensive medications with hyperkalemic effects.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Conn Syndrome

    Hypernatremia, hypervolemia and hypokalemia are common.[symptoma.com] […] a cause of primary hyperaldosteronism and is the result of an aldosterone producing adenoma (APA) aldosterone secretion,supressed renin activity, hypernatremia, HTN hypokalemia[quizlet.com] :D The N's are for sodium - Hypernatremia! The C makes a K for potassium, which is less than the number of N's, therefore, hypokalemia! Also, Na is sodium.[medicowesome.com]

  • Acute Peritonitis

    Leukocytosis, hypokalemia, hypernatremia, and acidosis may be present, but they are not specific findings.[en.wikipedia.org] Leukocytosis, hypokalemia, hypernatremia, and acidosis may be present, but they are not specific findings.[en.wikipedia.org]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    […] prevent recurrence complications of treatment – most common is hypoglycemia following insulin administration ("insulin shock") excessive administration of fluid can lead to hypernatremia[d3jonline.tripod.com] Hypernatremia often contributes additionally to plasma hyperosmolarity. The pathogenesis of these component abnormalities is considered.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The major causes of death are circulatory collapse, hypokalemia, infection, and cerebral edema.[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com]

  • Acute Pancreatitis

    Abstract In this study we determined the clinical accuracy of α 2 - macroglobulin, α-amylase, C-reactive protein, lipase, non-esterified fatty acids, pancreatic α-amylase and phospholipase A in the diagnosis and prognosis of acute pancreatitis in a group of patients with acute abdominal pain using receiver operator[…][doi.org]

  • Viral Gastroenteritis

    Unlike other groups, hypokalemia persisted in the Gatorade group.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] At admission and 24 and 48 hours later, hypokalemia was observed in 7, 10, and 8 patients with Gatorade; 3, 2, and 1 with N-ORS; and 2, 2, and 1 with Pedialyte, respectively[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Coma

    INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study is to assess and compare the discriminatory ability of the Glasgow coma scale (GCS)-age-systolic blood pressure (GAP) score and modified early warning scoring system (mEWS) score for 4-week mortality, for the patients being in the triage category 1 and 2 who refer to[…][ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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