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530 Possible Causes for Hypernatremia, Hypokalemia

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  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    Results: AGE constituted 18% of the total admissions. 22% had Hyponatremia, 71.5% had Isonatremia and 6.5% had Hypernatremia.[omicsonline.org] It is known that these patients are more susceptible to hypokalemia than normal individuals.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Summary of results in patients with hypernatremia at baseline.[frontiersin.org]

  • Adrenal Insufficiency

    Its release will lead to hypernatremia and hypokalemia, once stimulated by ACTH, elevated potassium levels, and/or the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS).[pharmacytimes.com] Excess aldosterone results in sodium retention, hypokalemia , and alkalosis. Aldosterone deficiency results in sodium loss, hyperkalemia, and acidosis.[emedicine.medscape.com] Obesity Striae Osteoporosis Muscle weakness Hypertension Hyperglycemia Cataracts Complications of excessive administration of mineralocorticoids include hypertension and hypokalemia[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Conn Syndrome

    […] a cause of primary hyperaldosteronism and is the result of an aldosterone producing adenoma (APA) aldosterone secretion,supressed renin activity, hypernatremia, HTN hypokalemia[quizlet.com] :D The N's are for sodium - Hypernatremia! The C makes a K for potassium, which is less than the number of N's, therefore, hypokalemia! Also, Na is sodium.[medicowesome.com] Autonomous secretion of excess aldosterone leads to bicarbonate retention (metabolic alkalosis), potassium wasting (hypokalemia), and sodium / water retention (hypernatremia[medbullets.com]

  • Hyperaldosteronism

    […] pressure natriuresis (other mechanisms may be responsible, although how these operate remains unclear) compensatory diuresis “escape” from edema and formation and frank hypernatremia[amboss.com] A 65-year-old seemingly well male patient was referred to our clinic under the suspicion of hyperaldosteronism due to hypertension combined with hypokalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hypokalemia persisted despite potassium supplementation and antihypertensive medications with hyperkalemic effects.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Laxative Abuse

    As of 10 days ago I was taking 9 laxatives every other day, that doesn’t seem a lot in comparison to my past but not so long ago I was diagnosed with hypokalaemia, hypernatremia[stronghealthymel.wordpress.com] Laxative abuse can cause hypokalemia and volume depletion. Hypokalemia, in turn, can lead to rhabdomyolysis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] bowel syndrome Additional symptoms: Abdominal pain, rectal pain, nausea, vomiting, weight loss, malaise, muscle weakness Additional signs: Hypokalemia, hyperphosphatemia, hypernatremia[tipsdiscover.com]

  • Bicarbonate

    However, the bicarbonate therapy in DKA has several potentially deleterious effects including worsening of hypokalemia and intracellular acidosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] We should keep in mind that acute hypernatremia and CPM can be associated with intravenous sodium bicarbonate therapy, and that CPM due to acute hypernatremia may be effectively[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Both agents are equally effective in reducing the incidence of CIN, but the citrate would possibly be a safer option for patients at risk of hypokalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Diarrhea

    The diarrhea resulted in hypokalemia and sodium depletion that made her dependent on twice weekly intravenous fluid and electrolyte infusions.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Her hypernatremia was resistant to fluid management.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hypokalemia can occur when patients have severe or chronic diarrhea or if the stool contains excess mucus. Hypomagnesemia after prolonged diarrhea can cause tetany.[merckmanuals.com]

  • Adrenocortical Carcinoma

    Six months after surgery, she showed signs of hypertension recurrence accompanied by hypokalemia (serum potassium: 2.9 mEq/l) and hypernatremia (serum sodium: 150 mEq/l).[casesjournal.biomedcentral.com] A 65-year-old seemingly well male patient was referred to our clinic under the suspicion of hyperaldosteronism due to hypertension combined with hypokalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] […] beta-estradiol (serum, only in men and postmenopausal women) Mineralocorticoid excess potassium (serum) aldosterone/renin ratio (only in patients with arterial hypertension and/or hypokalemia[ensat.org]

  • Acute Alcohol Intoxication

    Hypernatremia was present in five children.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] ., hypomagnesemia, hypophosphatemia, hypocalcemia and hypokalemia) and malnutrition.[clinicaladvisor.com] Acute ethanol intoxication can lead to metabolic disturbances such as lactic acidosis, hypophosphatemia, hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia.[emsworld.com]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    […] with type 2 diabetes , higher mortality than DKA Clinical Presentation – extreme hyperglycemia ( 500 mg/dl) also hyperosmolality ( 350 mOsm/L), elevated BUN , sometimes hypernatremia[d3jonline.tripod.com] Hypernatremia often contributes additionally to plasma hyperosmolarity. The pathogenesis of these component abnormalities is considered.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Aggressive potassium replacement early in the management has been shown to minimize the risk of hypokalemia.[endocrinologyadvisor.com]

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