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530 Possible Causes for Hypernatremia, Hypokalemia

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  • Acute Gastroenteritis

    Results: AGE constituted 18% of the total admissions. 22% had Hyponatremia, 71.5% had Isonatremia and 6.5% had Hypernatremia.[] It is known that these patients are more susceptible to hypokalemia than normal individuals.[] Summary of results in patients with hypernatremia at baseline.[]

  • Adrenal Insufficiency

    Its release will lead to hypernatremia and hypokalemia, once stimulated by ACTH, elevated potassium levels, and/or the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS).[] Excess aldosterone results in sodium retention, hypokalemia , and alkalosis. Aldosterone deficiency results in sodium loss, hyperkalemia, and acidosis.[] Obesity Striae Osteoporosis Muscle weakness Hypertension Hyperglycemia Cataracts Complications of excessive administration of mineralocorticoids include hypertension and hypokalemia[]

  • Conn Syndrome

    […] a cause of primary hyperaldosteronism and is the result of an aldosterone producing adenoma (APA) aldosterone secretion,supressed renin activity, hypernatremia, HTN hypokalemia[] :D The N's are for sodium - Hypernatremia! The C makes a K for potassium, which is less than the number of N's, therefore, hypokalemia! Also, Na is sodium.[] Autonomous secretion of excess aldosterone leads to bicarbonate retention (metabolic alkalosis), potassium wasting (hypokalemia), and sodium / water retention (hypernatremia[]

  • Hyperaldosteronism

    […] pressure natriuresis (other mechanisms may be responsible, although how these operate remains unclear) compensatory diuresis “escape” from edema and formation and frank hypernatremia[] A 65-year-old seemingly well male patient was referred to our clinic under the suspicion of hyperaldosteronism due to hypertension combined with hypokalemia.[] Hypokalemia persisted despite potassium supplementation and antihypertensive medications with hyperkalemic effects.[]

  • Laxative Abuse

    As of 10 days ago I was taking 9 laxatives every other day, that doesn’t seem a lot in comparison to my past but not so long ago I was diagnosed with hypokalaemia, hypernatremia[] Laxative abuse can cause hypokalemia and volume depletion. Hypokalemia, in turn, can lead to rhabdomyolysis.[] […] bowel syndrome Additional symptoms: Abdominal pain, rectal pain, nausea, vomiting, weight loss, malaise, muscle weakness Additional signs: Hypokalemia, hyperphosphatemia, hypernatremia[]

  • Bicarbonate

    However, the bicarbonate therapy in DKA has several potentially deleterious effects including worsening of hypokalemia and intracellular acidosis.[] We should keep in mind that acute hypernatremia and CPM can be associated with intravenous sodium bicarbonate therapy, and that CPM due to acute hypernatremia may be effectively[] Both agents are equally effective in reducing the incidence of CIN, but the citrate would possibly be a safer option for patients at risk of hypokalemia.[]

  • Diarrhea

    The diarrhea resulted in hypokalemia and sodium depletion that made her dependent on twice weekly intravenous fluid and electrolyte infusions.[] Her hypernatremia was resistant to fluid management.[] Hypokalemia can occur when patients have severe or chronic diarrhea or if the stool contains excess mucus. Hypomagnesemia after prolonged diarrhea can cause tetany.[]

  • Adrenocortical Carcinoma

    Six months after surgery, she showed signs of hypertension recurrence accompanied by hypokalemia (serum potassium: 2.9 mEq/l) and hypernatremia (serum sodium: 150 mEq/l).[] A 65-year-old seemingly well male patient was referred to our clinic under the suspicion of hyperaldosteronism due to hypertension combined with hypokalemia.[] […] beta-estradiol (serum, only in men and postmenopausal women) Mineralocorticoid excess potassium (serum) aldosterone/renin ratio (only in patients with arterial hypertension and/or hypokalemia[]

  • Acute Alcohol Intoxication

    Hypernatremia was present in five children.[] ., hypomagnesemia, hypophosphatemia, hypocalcemia and hypokalemia) and malnutrition.[] Acute ethanol intoxication can lead to metabolic disturbances such as lactic acidosis, hypophosphatemia, hypokalemia and hypomagnesemia.[]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    […] with type 2 diabetes , higher mortality than DKA Clinical Presentation – extreme hyperglycemia ( 500 mg/dl) also hyperosmolality ( 350 mOsm/L), elevated BUN , sometimes hypernatremia[] Hypernatremia often contributes additionally to plasma hyperosmolarity. The pathogenesis of these component abnormalities is considered.[] Aggressive potassium replacement early in the management has been shown to minimize the risk of hypokalemia.[]

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