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247 Possible Causes for Hypernatremia, Hypokalemia, Polyuria

  • Adrenal Insufficiency

    Its release will lead to hypernatremia and hypokalemia, once stimulated by ACTH, elevated potassium levels, and/or the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS).[pharmacytimes.com] Over the next few days, however, the patient developed severe thirst and polyuria exceeding 6 L of urine per day, accompanied by hypernatraemia and hypo-osmolar urine.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Excess aldosterone results in sodium retention, hypokalemia , and alkalosis. Aldosterone deficiency results in sodium loss, hyperkalemia, and acidosis.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Conn Syndrome

    […] a cause of primary hyperaldosteronism and is the result of an aldosterone producing adenoma (APA) aldosterone secretion,supressed renin activity, hypernatremia, HTN hypokalemia[quizlet.com] […] pri·mar·y al·dos·ter·on·ism an adrenocortical disorder caused by excessive secretion of aldosterone and characterized by headaches, nocturia, polyuria, fatigue, hypertension[medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com] It is often symptomless, but may present with symptoms of hypokalaemia – such as muscle weakness, fatigue, polyuria, cramps. 2/3 are due to a solitary mineralocorticoid producing[almostadoctor.co.uk]

  • Diabetic Ketotic Coma

    […] with type 2 diabetes , higher mortality than DKA Clinical Presentation – extreme hyperglycemia ( 500 mg/dl) also hyperosmolality ( 350 mOsm/L), elevated BUN , sometimes hypernatremia[d3jonline.tripod.com] Hypernatremia often contributes additionally to plasma hyperosmolarity. The pathogenesis of these component abnormalities is considered.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Aggressive potassium replacement early in the management has been shown to minimize the risk of hypokalemia.[endocrinologyadvisor.com]

  • Renal Tubular Acidosis

    Subsequently, type 1 RTA due to Sjögren's syndrome was unveiled by sustained hypokalemia (3.3 to 3.4 mEq/L), persistent alkaline urine pH ( 6.0) despite metabolic acidosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Despite polyuria, both patients developed resistant hyperkalemia that needed further hemodialysis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Furthermore, large amounts of NaHCO 3 are commonly required, and volume overload and hypernatremia can occur.[emedicine.medscape.com]

  • Diabetes Insipidus

    Thiazide diuretics are sometimes combined with amiloride to prevent hypokalemia .[en.wikipedia.org] Several months after delivery, discontinuation of desmopressin resulted in recurrence of her polyuria.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Hypernatremia was corrected by scheduled water intake with desmopressin administration.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Hyperaldosteronism

    […] pressure natriuresis (other mechanisms may be responsible, although how these operate remains unclear) compensatory diuresis “escape” from edema and formation and frank hypernatremia[amboss.com] A 65-year-old seemingly well male patient was referred to our clinic under the suspicion of hyperaldosteronism due to hypertension combined with hypokalemia.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] This case report describes a 44-yr-old man with a 4-month history of anorexia, polyuria, polydipsia and weight loss of 25 kg who presented with diabetic ketoacidosis.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus

    The patient was found to have profound hypernatremia and severe hypercalcemia with normal parathyroid and vitamin D serum levels.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] After the cessation of amphotericin B, the hypokalemia and polyuria resolved promptly.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] The polyuria did not respond to desmopressin, and subsequent correction of his polyuria and hypernatraemia after normalization of plasma potassium confirmed the diagnosis[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

  • Loop Diuretic

    Edit: Also, isn't sweating inducing hypERnatremia? (you're losing more water than salt).[forums.studentdoctor.net] […] severe hypokalemia or other electrolyte abnormalities were observed between the groups.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Fatigue, muscle weakness, leg cramps NV, paralytic ileus Soft, flabby muscles Paresthesias, decreased reflexes Weak, irregular pulse Polyuria, hyperglycemia What are 5 key[quizlet.com]

  • Hypokalemic Nephropathy

    Supreme Court refused to hear an appeal by the parents of Terri Schiavo, Hypokalemia (low calcium - including hypokalemic nephropathy) Hyponatremia (low sodium), (rarely) hypernatremia[nephropathygotsuesa.blogspot.com] Certain herbal products, like licorice and gan cao may be causative for hypokalemia.[symbiosisonlinepublishing.com] Hypokalemia can lead to a renal concentrating defect leading to polyuria and polydipsia- DI 2.[nephronpower.com]

  • Cushing's Disease

    Tw o also demonstrated personality changes, hypertension and hypokalemia, the last of these being rarely reported in patients with Cushing's disease.[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov] Nine days postpartum, the patient was still unable to move in her bed, complained of strong thirst, and had hypotonic polyuria (8,900 mL/day).[academic.oup.com] Ectopic ACTH secretion was initially suspected on the basis of very high cortisoluria and ACTH concentrations, severe hypokalemia, a lung hypermetabolic lesion and a normal[ncbi.nlm.nih.gov]

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